Youth Awareness












By: DEXTER FILKINS and CARLOTTA GALL

Published: November 22, 2010
KABUL, Afghanistan — For months, the secret talks unfolding between Taliban and Afghan leaders to end the war appeared to be showing promise, if only because of the repeated appearance of a certain insurgent leader at one end of the table: Mullah Akhtar Muhammad Mansour, one of the most senior commanders in the Taliban movement.

But now, it turns out, Mr. Mansour was apparently not Mr. Mansour at all. In an episode that could have been lifted from a spy novel, United States and Afghan officials now say the Afghan man was an impostor, and high-level discussions conducted with the assistance of NATO appear to have achieved little.

“It’s not him,” said a Western diplomat in Kabul intimately involved in the discussions. “And we gave him a lot of money.”

American officials confirmed Monday that they had given up hope that the Afghan was Mr. Mansour, or even a member of the Taliban leadership.

NATO and Afghan officials said they held three meetings with the man, who traveled from across the border in Pakistan, where Taliban leaders have taken refuge.

The fake Taliban leader even met with President Hamid Karzai, having been flown to Kabul on a NATO aircraft and ushered into the presidential palace, officials said.

The episode underscores the uncertain and even bizarre nature of the atmosphere in which Afghan and American leaders search for ways to bring the nine-year-old American-led war to an end. The leaders of the Taliban are believed to be hiding in Pakistan, possibly with the assistance of the Pakistani government, which receives billions of dollars in American aid.

Many in the Taliban leadership, which is largely made up of barely literate clerics from the countryside, had not been seen in person by American, NATO or Afghan officials.

Doubts were raised about the man claiming to be Mullah Mansour — who by some accounts is the second-ranking official in the Taliban, behind only the founder, Mullah Mohammed Omar — after the third meeting, held in the southern Afghan city of Kandahar. A man who had known Mr. Mansour years ago told Afghan officials that the man at the table did not resemble him. “He said he didn’t recognize him,” said an Afghan leader, who spoke on the condition of anonymity.

The Western diplomat said the Afghan man was initially given a sizable sum of money to take part in the talks — and to help persuade him to return.

While the Afghan official said he still harbored hopes that the man would return for another round of talks, American and other Western officials said they had concluded that the man in question was not Mr. Mansour. Just how the Americans reached such a definitive conclusion — whether, for instance, they were able to positively establish his identity through fingerprints or some other means — is unknown.

As recently as last month, American and Afghan officials held high hopes for the talks. Senior American officials, including Gen. David H. Petraeus, said the talks indicated that Taliban leaders, whose rank-and-file fighters are under extraordinary pressure from the American-led offensive, were at least willing to discuss an end to the war.

The American officials said they and officials of other NATO governments were helping to facilitate the discussions, by providing air transport and securing roadways for Taliban leaders coming from Pakistan.

Last month, White House officials asked The New York Times to withhold Mr. Mansour’s name from an article about the peace talks, expressing concern that the talks would be jeopardized — and Mr. Mansour’s life put at risk — if his involvement were publicized. The Times agreed to withhold Mr. Mansour’s name, along with the names of two other Taliban leaders said to be involved in the discussions. The status of the other two Taliban leaders said to be involved is not clear.

Since the last round of discussions, which took place within the past few weeks, Afghan and American officials have been puzzling over who the man was. Some Afghans say the man may have been a Taliban agent sent to impersonate Mr. Mansour. “The Taliban are cleverer than the Americans and our own intelligence service,” said a senior Afghan official who is familiar with the case. “They are playing games.”

Others suspect that the fake Taliban leader, whose real identity is not known, may have been dispatched by the Pakistani intelligence service, known by its initials, the ISI. Elements within the ISI have long played a “double-game” in Afghanistan, reassuring United States officials that they are actively pursuing the Taliban while at the same time providing support for the insurgents.

Publicly, at least, the Taliban leadership is sticking to the line that there are no talks at all. In a recent message to his followers, Mullah Omar denied that there were any talks unfolding at any level.

“The cunning enemy which has occupied our country, is trying, on the one hand, to expand its military operations on the basis of its double-standard policy and, on the other hand, wants to throw dust into the eyes of the people by spreading the rumors of negotiation,” his message said.

Despite such statements, some senior leaders of the Taliban did show a willingness to talk peace with representatives of the Afghan government as recently as January.

At that time, Abdul Ghani Baradar, then the deputy commander of the Taliban, was arrested in a joint C.I.A.-ISI raid in the Pakistani port city of Karachi. Although officials from both countries hailed the arrest as a hallmark of American-Pakistani cooperation, Pakistani officials have since indicated that they orchestrated Mr. Baradar’s arrest because he was engaging in peace discussions without the ISI’s permission.

Afghan leaders have confirmed this account.

Neither American nor Afghan leaders confronted the fake Mullah Mansour with their doubts about his identity. Indeed, some Afghan leaders are still holding out hopes that the man really is or at least represents Mr. Mansour — and that he will come back soon.

“Questions have been raised about him, but it’s still possible that it’s him,” said the Afghan leader who declined to be identified.

The Afghan leader said negotiators had urged the man claiming to be Mr. Mansour to return with colleagues, including other high-level Taliban leaders whose identities they might also be able to verify.

The meetings were arranged by an Afghan middleman with ties to both the Afghan government and the Taliban, officials said.

The Afghan leader said both the Americans and the Afghan leadership were initially cautious of the Afghan man’s identity and motives. But after the first meeting, both were reasonably satisfied that the man they were talking to was Mr. Mansour. Several steps were taken to establish the man’s real identity; after the first meeting, photos of him were shown to Taliban detainees who were believed to know Mr. Mansour. They signed off, the Afghan leader said.

Whatever the Afghan man’s identity, the talks that unfolded between the Americans and the man claiming to be Mr. Mansour seemed substantive, the Afghan leader said. The man claiming to be representing the Taliban laid down several surprisingly moderate conditions for a peace settlement: that the Taliban leadership be allowed to safely return to Afghanistan, that Taliban soldiers be offered jobs, and that prisoners be released.

The Afghan man did not demand, as the Taliban have in the past, a withdrawal of foreign forces or a Taliban share of the government.

Sayed Amir Muhammad Agha, a onetime Taliban commander who says he has left the Taliban but who acted as a go-between with the movement in the past, said in an interview that he did not know the tale of the impostor.

But he said the Taliban leadership had given no indications of a willingness to enter talks.

“Someone like me could come forward and say, ‘I am a Talib and a powerful person,’ ” he said. “But I can tell you, nothing is going on.”

“Whenever I talk to the Taliban, they never accept peace and they want to keep on fighting,” he said. “They are not tired.”

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Imran Khan has been unable to prove his worth in national politics since the last 15 years.

Pakistan tehreek-e-InsafImran Khan is well known for his work in the development sector. He is also a national sports hero and hopes to bring reforms that will change the status quo and bring progress and prosperity in Pakistan by doing away with the corrupt and feudal controlled system.

Khan leads a pro-democracy center-right political party, Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaaf or “Pakistan’s Movement for Justice”  – justice, which is said to be the main agenda for reform. He offers an ideology which is very similar to the center-left political parties, but he appears more interested in educated professionals, who are self-made and renowned international figures in their respective fields (like he was).

 

Good intentions but misguided actions

Khan would have individuals running the country as a non-profit charity organisation, where well known personalities with sound financial backgrounds work as volunteers. PTI also offers patriotism and aims to improve the national image with ‘made in Pakistan’ achievements, with the final vision of bringing people of this nation and those in the First World on a par.

There is no doubt his intentions for Pakistan’s success are pure, but so far he has not been able to prove his worth in national politics. And it has been 15 years already. The only exception is when he won a National Assembly seat from his hometown in elections during General Musharraf’s tenure. Khan let go of the seat after five years in protest against the president’s office and the uniform. After being influenced by a religious party he boycotted the contest in 2008, as he felt a dictator would not be able to bring democracy under his rule. But this did not stop him form fielding candidates in by-elections throughout Punjab, held under the government that was elected during the reign of a Musharraf. Despite that, he continues to highlight the similarities between a dictator and the democratic president of today.

Most Pakistanis who support him are young or female. That is primarily because he is the most good looking male politician around, and a successful cricketer who made it to the Hall of Fame with his personal achievements. Pakistan’s population and demographics are in his favour, if we categorise with numbers, then in all fairness his following should be well above 2/3rd of the total population of Pakistan.

Khan also claims he has never voted for elections in his life, except for his own seat in 2002 as he had always harboured doubts about the electoral process in the country.

Imran Khan’s stand against the MQM

What caught my attention was that Khan continued to reiterate that he does not see an alliance with MQM even though his movement is following the same goals. He believes that MQM is a ‘terrorist organisation’  and perhaps, he feels, not up to his level of politics.

In 2009, when Khan had gone through a minor medical procedure at his hospital, I remember MQM Punjab’s senior members and the coordination committee members had paid a visit to Khan to inquire about his health. He remains upset with the MQM because they had filed a disqualification reference against him when he was an assembly member. This was after Khan had vowed to have an MQM leader arrested in the UK within three months, extradited to Pakistan and tried for charges.

Calling a national political party that holds the mandate of millions ‘terrorists’, is unjustified. Would his statement of calling MQM ‘deshatgard‘ mean he rejects the voters of MQM as thugs and militants, who are from the middle class and working to provide Pakistan 68 per cent revenue and make up to 25 per cent of the GDP but only because the majority in Karachi votes for the MQM.

Hypocritical arguments

I find it very strange that Khan is ready to pursue peace talks with the Taliban, who are known to the world as terrorists, but is not willing to meet the MQM leaders from a center-left progressive political movement similar to his own. He justifies this by saying that the US too is willing to negotiate with the Taliban, without realising that the Afghan Taliban are fighting foreigners and the Pakistani Taliban are killing their own people.

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Published in: The News-International

Friday, March 21, 2008

A conversation with the president

I sit down to write this article, addressed to anyone who maybe interested in reading it. March 16 was a very special day for me, as I had the opportunity to watch myself on one of the largest television networks, sitting across a room, conversing with a man who I believe has made a tremendous mark in Pakistan’s history, President Pervez Musharraf.

The setting was at his residence in Rawalpindi and the intention was to have a conversation that would allow me and the audience watching us on screen understand Pervez Musharraf the man a little better. After all, we have a right to know him well, he has been our president for the last few years now and as far as my children are concerned, he is the only president they know and for the sake of history, they must understand him well as a man.

The conversation is now itself history and has left me and hopefully a large number of the audience watching the conversation completely convinced that Pervez Musharraf is a very practical, sensitive, patriotic and extremely special man. A man who loves his people and his country perhaps much more than he himself realizes. Throughout the conversation he spoke of his nation like his family and spoke very little of the family that he has had to force into the background for the well being of his nation.

I wrote this article after the conversation had taken place and had been shared with a large audience thanks to Geo Network. I would like to share my motivation and feelings regarding the need to have this conversation in the first place.

Not so long ago, I watched General Pervez Musharraf, a military man, take over our country on Pakistan Television. The takeover was due to the fact that the then prime minister, Mian Nawaz Sharrif, had decided to hijack an aircraft carrying this military man who also happened to be the army chief of Pakistan at the time to try to stop him from entering his own country, apparently over personal differences they had developed.

Why Nawaz Sharrif risked the life of our army chief in this way and couldn’t find a more civilized manner to handle the situation is to date a mystery but alas typically feudal. Anyway, since almost all of us know what the facts are from that particular event, I would like to skip to the present and look back at the past few years since we have had President Musharraf around.

Watching him giving that first speech in 1999 gave me an immediate sense of peace and security. I don’t know why but I remember looking at him and thinking, thank God, finally after years of a so-called civilian and democratic leadership that has shown very little love for the land, we may have a person in control who is, if nothing else, due to his military background going to be committed to the safety of Pakistan.

Funnily enough, after all these years I still feel the same way even though we have recently had a free and fair election and a new government is about to be formed. Unfortunately, it’s all the same old players back in the ring. How quickly we forget what they were and how they treated us as a nation. Does a leopard ever change its spots? Maybe, perhaps this time around they will behave differently realizing that the world is watching us very carefully to note every slip we make.

Having followed President Musharraf’s last few years with great interest, I believe that he has given us his best in the worst of times. September 11, 2001, was not just a terrible event for America but was just as devastating for Pakistan. We were the ones who were going to have to carry the onward burden to try to stop such attacks in the future anywhere in the world. What would have happened if we had a civilian government at the time, I dread to think. At least a military man in control had the inner strength and overall support needed to tackle a time such as 9/11 and onwards for us.

We speak of democracy and never stop to think, how can feudal lords become democratic leaders? How can they hold office when they have perhaps never held a job in their entire lives? How do we expect a free and fair election in a country like Pakistan where these feudal lords can fill buses with ten rupees a head to acquire their vote bank? What is so wrong with a military man being in control who has turned out to be more free thinking and fair-handed than any of his civilian counterparts? It saddens me to think that we have marginalized our army to such an extent that it seems to be the enemy.

Maybe I have missed the plot totally but then again, I feel safer in the hands of my army that takes root from a middleclass backdrop and is committed to die for its country, than in the hands of a small elitist number of feudal landlords that shall never have an understanding of how the common man struggles in Pakistan.

So here’s to President Pervez Musharraf:

They may never ever try to understand you

They may never ever really care

But for whatever it’s worth

They shall always remember you

As you have made your mark in history

Pakistan Zindabad!

By:  Atiqa Odho

 

 

 

 

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{November 15, 2010}   Eid ul Azha and Qurbani

لبيك اللهم لبيك لبيك لاشريك لك لبيك ان الحمد والنعمة لك والملك لاشريك لك

Qurbani – Sacrifice

Sacrifice, commonly known as Qurbani, means slaughter of an animal in the name of Allah on the 10th, 11th or 12th of the Islamic month of Zil Hijjah.

Sacrifice, as practised by Holy Prophet Muhammad (Pbuh) is an essential religious rite in memory of the sacrifice performed by Prophet Abraham. God put Abraham to a most difficult trial, the details of which are described in the Quran. ?O my Lord! Grant me (Abraham) a righteous (son)!? So We gave him the good news of a boy ready to suffer and forbear. ?Then, when the the son reached the age to work with him, he said: ?O my son I see in a vision that I offer you in sacrifice: Now say what is your view!? (The son) said: ?O My father! Do as you are commanded: You will find me if God so wills, one practising patience and constancy!? So when they had both submitted their wills (to God), and he had made him prostrate on his face (for sacrifice), We called out to him: ?O Abraham! You have already fulfilled the vision!? Thus indeed do we reward those who do right. ?For this was obviously a trial and We ransomed him with a momentous sacrifice: and We left (this blessing) for him among generations (to come) in later times: (37:100-109).

This is the origin of the Islamic precept of sacrifice in fulfillment of God?s command provided in the Quran: ?… to your Lord turn in prayer and sacrifice.? (108:2).

The aim of sacrifice, like all other fundamentals of Islam, is to imbibe piety and self righteousness. It also promotes the spirit of sacrifice for a right cause. To explain its purpose, God says in the Quran. ?It is not their meat, nor their blood, that reaches God, It is their piety that reaches God?: (22:37)

Prophet Muhammad (Pbuh) said: ?On the 10th of Zil-Hijjah, there is no better act in the view of Allah than shedding the blood (of slaughtered animals). And verily sacrifice earns the approbation of Allah even before the drop of blood (of the slaughtered animal) falls on the ground. Hence you should offer it in good spirit. For every hair of the sacrificial animal, there is a blessing.? Here are the precepts and practices pertaining to Qurbani, according to Hanafi Fiqh.

Qurbani is Fardh for :

Qurbani, like Zakat, is essential for one who has the financial means and savings that remain surplus to his own needs over the year. It is essential for one?s own self.

However, a slaughter of animal can also be offered for each member of one?s family. It may be offered, though it is not essential, for one?s deceased relations, too, in the hope of benediction and blessings for the departed souls.

What to Sacrifice

All the permissible (halal) domesticated or reared quadrupeds can be offered for Qurbani. Generally, slaughter of goats, sheep, rams, cows, and camels is offered. It is permissible for seven persons to share the sacrifice of a cow or a camel on the condition that no one?s share is less than one seventh and their intention is to offer Qurbani. Age of Sacrificial Animals

Sacrifice of goat or sheep less than one year old (unless the sheep is so strong and fat that it looks to be a full one year old) is not in order. Cow should be at least two years old. Camels should not be less than five years old.

Disqualifying defects

Sacrifice of an animal will not be in order if it is one eyed, or blind, or has lost one third or more of its eyesight, or one third or more of its tail, or its ear has been cut off, or it is lame, or its bones have no marrow, or it has no ears by birth or its horns have been broken from their roots, or it has no teeth at all. If the number of teeth intact exceeds the lost ones, it is permissible. If it has no horns by birth, or has less than one third broken horns, it is permissible.

Distribution of meat

One should eat the meat of the sacrifice, give it to relations and friends, (to non-Muslims also) and also to the poor in charity. One third should be given in charity, but if it be less it will not be a sin.

Injunctions on the use of skin

It is not permissible to give a portion of meat or the skin of the slaughtered animal as wages. They should instead be given to the needy in charity. Even the rope and cover of the sacrificed animal should be given away as charity.

Intention

It is commendable that one who intends to offer a sacrifice should refrain from having a hair cut, a shave, and pruning of nails, from the 1st of Zil-Hijjah (upto the time he has performed the sacrifice).

Intention In the first instance, one who proposes to offer sacrifice must make an intention to that effect.

Method of Sacrifice

The animal for slaughter should be laid on its left side facing Kaabah and its throat cut open with a sharp knife, and its blood allowed to drain. In the case of a camel, it should be allowed to remain standing after its left fore leg has been stringed. A sharp spear should then be thrust in its breast and on both sides of its neck, and the blood allowed to drain.

Virtues of the Ten Days of Dhul Hijjah

Among the special seasons of worship are the first ten days of Dhu?l-Hijjah, which Allah has preferred over all the other days of the year.

Ibn ?Abbas reported that the Prophet Muhammad said: ?There are no days in which righteous deeds are more beloved to Allah than these ten days.? The people asked, ?Not even jihaad for the sake of Allah?? He said, ?Not even jihaad for the sake of Allah, except in the case of a man who went out to fight giving himself and his wealth up for the cause, and came back with nothing.? (Reported by al-Bukhaari,

This indicates that these ten days are better than all the other days of the year, with no exceptions, not even the last ten days of Ramadan. But the last ten nights of Ramadan are better, because they include Laylat al-Qadr (?the Night of Power?), which is better than a thousand months.

1. The Prophet commanded us to recite a lot of Tasbeeh (?Subhan-Allah?), Tahmeed (?Al-hamdu Lillaah?) and Takbeer (?Allahu Akbar?) during this time.

2. ?Abdullaah ibn ?Umar reported that the Prophet said: ?There are no days greater in the sight of Allah and in which righteous deeds are more beloved to Him than these ten days, so during this time recite a great deal of Tahleel (?La ilaaha ill-Allah?), Takbeer and Tahmeed.?

3. These ten days include Yawm Arafah , on which Allah perfected His Religion. Fasting on this day will expiate for the sins of two years. These days also include Yawm al-Nahar (the Day of Sacrifice), the greatest day of the entire year and the greatest day of Hajj, which combines acts of worship in a way unlike any other day.

4. These ten days include the days of sacrifice and of Hajj.

The Prophet said: ?When you see the new moon of Dhu?l-Hijjah, if any one of you wants to offer a sacrifice, then he should stop cutting his hair and nails until he has offered his sacrifice.? According to another report he said: ?He should not remove (literally, touch) anything from his hair or skin.? Among the good deeds which the Muslim should strive to do during the first ten days of Dhu?l-Hijjah are:

1. Fasting: It is Sunnah to fast on the ninth day of Dhu?l-Hijjah, because the Prophet urged us to do good deeds during this time, and fasting is one of the best of deeds. The Prophet used to fast on the ninth of Dhu?l-Hijjah. Hunaydah ibn Khalid reported from his wife that some of the wives of the Prophet said: ?The Prophet used to fast on the ninth of Dhu?l-Hijjah, on the day of ?Aashooraa?, on three days of each month, and on Mondays and Thursdays of each month.?

2. Takbeer: It is Sunnah to say Takbeer (?Allaahu akbar?), Tahmeed (?Al-hamdu Lillaah?), Tahleel (?La ilaha ill-Allaah?) and Tasbeeh (?Subhaan Allaah?) during the first ten days of Dhu?l-Hijjah, and to say it loudly in the mosque, the home, the street and every place where it is permitted to remember Allah and mention His name out loud, as an act of worship and as a proclamation of the greatness of Allah, may He be exalted. Men should recite these phrases out loud, and women should recite them quietly.

The Takbeer may include the words ?Allahu akbar, Allahu akbar, la ilaaha illal-Allah; wa Allahu akbar wa Lillaahi?l-hamd

Reviving aspects of the Sunnah that have been virtually forgotten is a deed that will bring an immense reward, as is indicated by the words of the Prophet ?Whoever revives an aspect of my Sunnah that is forgotten after my death, he will have a reward equivalent to that of the people who follow him, without it detracting in the least from their reward.?

3. Sacrifice: One of the good deeds that will bring a person closer to Allah during these ten days is offering a sacrifice, by choosing a high-quality animal and fattening it, spending money for the sake of Allah.

Slaughter Animals as Guided by Allah

Islam forbids any kind of atrocity on animals and even in sacrificing or slaughtering animals, it has given clear directives which do not harm the animal or cause pain to it.


 

Dr. M. Laiq Ali Khan

Zabiha is an indispensable act expected from Muslims to make the flesh of an animal eatable. This act is inherited from Prophet Ibrahim who slaughtered the animal under Islamic direction and only then he ate the meat. It is forbidden in Islam to cut any part of a living animal and eat without slaughtering the whole.

Prophet Muhammad (Pbuh) came to Madinah and followed this practice there. Abul Naqid Ullaisi states that when the Prophet came to Madinah, the people had the habit of cutting down the hips of living goats and the humps of living camels for eating. The Prophet said about this: ?If a piece from the living animal is cut down, then it is termed as Murdar.?

Islam forbids any kind of atrocity on animals and even in sacrificing or slaughtering animals, it has given clear directives which do not harm the animal or cause pain to it.

There are several ways in vogue to kill the animal prior to eating since time immemorial. The early days of civilisation reveal that the primitive man was used to killing the animal before consuming, by stoning it to death which was very painful for the animal. Islam forbids this because stoning or hurting the animal produces vaso- vagal shock and a bio-chemical substance known as Histamine is released. This dialates the blood vessels and the blood is retained inside the flesh.

In the Quran, a word Zakia is used for sticking- that means to clean. The flesh becomes eatable and clean after sticking. Jews observe these rules strictly very similarly to Muslims. Very often, it is questioned whether the flesh procured from the animals slaughtered by Jews or Christians is Halal? In this context, I have gone through various references and found that the Quran has fixed a condition for sticking as, ?you eat such things without any fear on which the name of Allah is pronounced and this is in such condition when you are a believer in his signs.?

The Hadith specifies two conditions for lawful Islamic sticking- one the animal should be stuck in the name of Allah by reciting His name, secondly, the blood should be let out completely from the vessels of the neck without cutting the spinal chord to save the animal from going into a state of shock.

As far as pronouncing the name Allah is concerned, the Jews do it, but in their mother tongue, similar to the directions of Islam. Maulana Maududi in his Tafheemul Quran states that sticky by Jews and Christians is lawful. Ibn-e-Taymia advocates that in Surah- al-Madina in the Quran, it has been stated that food from the people of the book can be consumed. The basic concept behind sticking in Islam is that the blood should be let out completely. The prophet said that ” let the knives be sharpened and concealed from the animals and whenever you do the sticking, it should be quick.

Mohammed bin Safwan narrates that he passed by Prophet Muhammed with two hanging rabbits and asked ?oh! Prophet, I found these two rabbits, but did not find any iron thing to stick them, then I stuck them by a white sharp edge stone. May I eat them? The Prophet replied ?do eat.?

Kab bin Malik narrates ?My flock of goats were grazing on Salaa mountain. My servant saw that a goat was about to die, she broke up a stone and stuck it with that stone. When he enquired about it from the Prophet, he ordered to eat that. Adi bin Hatim narrates that: ? I asked the Prophet to tell us, if we got a prey and if we did not have any knife then could it be stuck with a piece of stone or wood?? He replied, you are allowed as per your convenience, to let out the blood and pronounce the name of Allah.?

The Hadith specifies two conditions for lawful Islamic sticking-one the animal should be stuck in the name of Allah by reciting His name, secondly, the blood should be let out completely from the vessels of the neck without cutting the spinal chord to save the animal from going into a state of shock. To let out the blood easily and completely, it is very crucial to cut down the jugular veins and carotid arteries along with other structures passing though the neck except spinal cord which transmits the nerve impulses to the distal parts. These impulses produce jerks in the distal tissues of the body to remove the blood. On the contrary, some communities use another procedure called ?Jhatka? in which the neck of the animal is cut-down in a single blow by a sword. As a result, of the cut on the spinal cord, the animal is in a state of shock. Hence, the blood is retained in the tissues and a bio-chemical substance, Histamine is released.

The Halal and Jhatka meat was given to eat to certain non-Muslims and their views were recorded about its taste and smell as a trial. And it was seen that the Halal meat was found to be more tasty by them. There are several ways to stick the animals on a large scale. Very often, the animals are stunned, then they are lifted and hung with their neck and head downwards. A knife is used then to cut down the neck, but this procedure is against the Islamic spirit because stunning of animal produces surgical shock prior to sticking which is clearly forbidden in Islam.


 

The Concept of Combined Qurbani

 

The concept of combined Qurbani has become very popular in Mumbai as it is eco-friendly, less expensive and the meat is distributed to the poor Muslims in the hinterland

 


 

M. H. Lakdawala

Environment-friendly Id-ul-Zuha or Bakrid- ever heard of that? What does Bakrid have to do with the environment? Since the last couple of years, Muslims of Mumbai are discovering the benefit of environmental-friendly Bakrid.

Due to the urban lifestyle and lack of adequate space, sacrificing the animal and disposing off the related waste is the major problem faced every year. Due to lack of proper waste disposal, an epidemic broke out in the Muslim dominated localities in Mumbai in the past. Dr Asad Mirza, a general practitioner in the Muslim-dominated Bhendi Bazar area in South Mumbai reveals that every year, after Bakrid, there is atleast 30 to 35 per cent rise in the cases of diseases such as diarrhea, typhoid and malaria. ? The reason is not far to seek. Due to lack of civic sense, most of the Muslim families drain off the blood of the animal into the common drainage which clogs the entire drainage system. Moreover the waste of the animal is left in the open for days turning these areas into a perfect breeding ground for pathogenic bacteria leading to the epidemic outbreak,? confirms Dr Mirza. What is the alternative then? The posh housing societies solved the problem by reserving the space in their large compound for the purpose and taking care of the waste disposal. The real problem was faced by the congested Muslim middle-class localities. Few of the alert Muslims reserve community halls or Jamaatkhanas of the localities and request the residents to keep their animals there, feed them and sacrifice them there at nominal cost. Others have struck deals with their regular mutton suppliers or butchers. The package is that the butcher will purchase the animal, keep it, feed it and on Bakrid day, sacrifice the animal and then make home delivery of the meat.

?This is not only a cost effective measure, but also saves time and is environmental friendly. Since our mutton supplier is a professional and has the infrastructure, they easily manage the waste and protect the environment,? says Syed Zia, a timber merchant who sacrifices seven animals on every Bakrid. Zubair Bagban used to keep and sacrifice the animals on the terrace of his residence. But since last three years, Zubair is keeping the animals at the community hall at Mohammed Ali Road. A fruit dealer, Zubair was pained to watch the women of the household struggling to clean the blood and disposing off the waste. ? But now that problem has been solved as I, my relatives and friends do the Qurbani at the community hall and in an organised manner,? says Zubair.

Nazir Merchant of Classic Mutton Corner was able to convince 28 of his regular customers for their Bakrid package. It included purchase of the animal to home delivery of the mutton. ? This year, the booking has crossed 50, our target is atleast 100 customers,? says Nazir.

Dr Javid Shaikh who has registered with the Classic Mutton Corner package is a relieved man. ? Every year in the past, we had to search for a good butcher and then struggle to dispose off the waste. Since the last two years, my family is celebrating Bakrid in peace without any problem of purchasing the animal and disposing off the waste,? says Javid. Many of the Muslim social organisations in Mumbai are promoting ?combined Qurbani? as a concept which is not only permitted in Islam, but also becoming very popular in the Gulf countries. On a visit to any Muslim locality in Mumbai this time of the year, one can find a slew of organisations offering individual share in the combined Qurbani. The blackboard banners, handbills and posters announce the details and cost of Qurbani per share.

Dr Asad Mirza, a general practitioner in the Muslim-dominated Bhendi Bazar area in South Mumbai reveals that every year after Bakrid, there is atleast 30 to 35 per cent rise in the cases of diseases such as diarrhea, typhoid and malaria.

Many social and religious organisations arrange for combined Qurbani as it helps them to meet their budget for various social and welfare activities. Mahmood Patel, local president of Jamaat-e-Islami organises combined Qurbani every year and also promotes this concept among friends. ? Since we organised combined Qurbani, we get the animal hides and by selling it, we have been able to generate funds for our dawah and welfare activities,? says Mahmood Patel.

Most of the organisations offering combined Qurbani options also offer the facilities of providing the beef to the individuals who have booked their shares. ? While booking, we ask the person if they want their share of beef, what part and how much quantity. Then we pack it accordingly and ask them to collect it from our city office on the appointed day and time,? says Mahmood Patel.

Ashraf Memon, a businessman, prefers combined Qurbani organised by the local unit of Darool Uloom Deoband. ? Previously, I used to spend the entire day purchasing the animal and then completing the entire process. It was very tiring, hectic and expensive. I could not spend time with family on Bakrid. Now I book 10 shares each in the name of the individuals in our family and get home delivery of the beef. This way, I save time and also support the poor students studying in the madrassas,? says Ashraf. The concept of combined Qurbani has become very popular in Mumbai as it is eco-friendly, less expensive and the meat is distributed to the deserving in the community. Apart from this, it has become a source of support for a slew of welfare and religious organisations.



 

The Supplication of Sacrifice

 

Lay down the animal parallel with the direction of the Qibla and utter the following prayer first:

 

Behold I have turned my face earnestly towards Him Who originated the heavens and the earth and I am not of polytheists. Behold, my salat, mine offering, my living and mine dying are all for Allah, Lord of the worlds. No partners hath He, concerning this I have been bidden and I am of the Muslims O Allah! (I offer this) to you and You gave it to me.

After reciting this prayers, Say

?Bismillahi Allahu Akbar?. (In the name of Allah Who is Great) and cut the throat of the animal with a sharp-edged knife. Having performed the slaughter, read this prayer:

?Allah! Accept this sacrifice offered by me as Thou accepted the sacrifice offered by Thy friend Abraham and that offered by Thy love one Muhammad. May Peace and blessings descend upon both.?

Although it is permissible to let someone else perform the slaughter of your sacrificial animal, yet it is better if you perform this act with your own hands. While you perform the slaughter, try to think and feel in the same way as you express through the words you utter at the time of sacrifising the animal i.e all that we have got belongs to Allah and it is all to be spent in His way only. The act of sacrificing the animal in His name is in submission to His will and if ever required we shall readily sacrifice even our own life in the way of Allah and shall be grateful to Him that He conferred upon us the honour of martydom by affording us an opportunity to shed our blood in His name.


 

Prescribed Works on Eid-ul-Azha

 

The following eleven things have been prescribed to be done on Ed-ul-Azha;
1. To rise early in the morning.
2. To do miswak and do bathe.
3. To be clad in one?s best garments.
4. To use perfume.
5. Not to eat anything before Eid prayer.
6. To pronounce takbir loudly while going towards eidgah.
Allah-u Akbar, Allah-u Akbar
Allah is greatest Allah is greatest
La-Ilaha ill-Allah
There is no God but Allah
wa-Allah-u Akbar, Allah-u Akbar
and Allah is greatest Allah is greatest
wa-lillah-il-hamd
and all praise is for Allah.
7. To perform two rakah Eid ul Azha, wajib prayer in the eidgah.
8. After prayers to listen to the sermon (Kutbah) is sunnah.
9. To return early after prayers by a different route and do the sacrifice (Qurbani).
10. To distribute the meat of the sacrifice among the poor, friends, relatives and neighbours and also to cook and eat the meat of sacrifice.

 

The Fazail and Masail of Qurbani

To zabh (slaughter) a specific animal in the days of Nahr is Qurbani.

The Qurbani is the sunnat of Sayeduna Ibrahim (Alaihis Salaam). Muslims were told to do Qurbani, Allah Tabaraka wa Ta’la says:

110:2
Therefore offer prayer for your Lord, and do the sacrifice. (Quran 110:2)

Ahadith and Aasar

Hadith 1: Sayeduna Zaid bin Arqam Radi Allahu anhu narrates the Sahabae Kiram asked the Beloved Prophet (Swall Allahu alaihi wasallam), “Ya Rasool Allah, what is Qurabani?”
He (Swall Allahu alaihi wasallam) said, “This is the Sunnat of your father Ibraheem (Alahis Salaam).”
Sahaba said, “Ya Rasool Allah, what sawaab will we get in this?”
He (Swallal Allahu alaihi wasallam) said, “A virtue for every hair (on the animal).”
(Ahmad, Ibnu Majah)

Hadith 2: Sayedatuna Aisha (Radi Allahu anhu) narrates that Rasool Allah said, “There is no dearer deed of Ibne Adam in the days of Qurbani than flowing the blood (doing Qurbani) and that animal will come with his horns, hairs, and hooves on the day of Qayamt. Thee blood of the Qurbani reaches the stage of acceptance before it reaches the floor. (Tirmizi, Ibnu Majah)

Hadith 3: Sayeduna Abu Hurairah (Radi Allahu anhu) narrates the Beloved Prophet (Swall Allahu alaihi wasallam) said, “Whoever has the means and does not do Qurbani should not come near our place of Eid. (Ibnu Majah)

Hadith 4: Sayeduna Ibn Abbas (Radi Allahu anhu) narrates that the Beloved Prophet (Swall Allahu alaihi wasallam) said, “The wealth which is spent on Qurbani on the day of Eid, there is no dearer wealth than it. (Tabrani)

Hadith 5: Imam Ahmad (Radi Allahu anhu) narrates that the Beloved Prophet (Swall Allahu alaihi wasallam) said, “The best Qurbani is the one which expensive in price and very fat. (Imam Ahmad)

Hadith 6: Sayeduna Ali (Karam Allahu wajahaul kareem) narrates that the Beloved Prophet (Swall Allahu alaihi wasallam) said, “Four animals are not proper for Qurbani:

1) One eyed whose one eyedness is evident
2) Ill whose illness is visible
3) Crippled whose crippled ness is visible
4) Thin whose bones don’t have marrow

(Imam Ahmad, Tirmizi, Abu Dawood, Nasaee, Ibnu Majah, Darmi)

Hadith 7: Sayeduna Ali (Karam Allahu wajahaul kareem) narrates that, “Rasool Allahu (Swall Allahu alaihi wasallam) stopped us from Qurbani of [an animal whose] ears are cut and horns are broken. (Imam Ahmad, Ibnu Majah)

Hadith 8: Sayeduna Abdullah Ibn Masood (Radi Allahu anhu) narrates that the Beloved Prophet (Swall Allahu alaihi wasallam) said, “In Qurbani, a cow is from seven and a camel is from seven.” (Tabrani)

Hadith 9: Sayeduna Ibn Abbas (Radi Allahu anhu) narrates that the Beloved Prophet (Swall Allahu alaihi wasallam) said, “Rasool Allah (Swall Allahu alaihi wasallam) stopped us from Qurbani in the night.”

Hadith 10: Sayedatuna Ume Salma (Radi Allahu anha) narrates that the Beloved Prophet (Swall Allahu alaihi wasallam) said, “When you see the moon of Zul Hijjah and any one of you wants to do Qurbani, he should stop from shaving or cutting his hair and trimming his nails. (Muslim)

Hadith 11: Sayeduna Abdullah Ibn Umar (Radi Allahu anhu) narrates that the Beloved Prophet (Swall Allahu alaihi wasallam) said, “I have been ordered for the Yaumul Adha (The Day of Adha), Allah has made this day an Eid for the ummat.

A man asked, “Ya Rasool Allah, tell me if I have no animal besides a maneeha, so can I do Qurbani with it?
He said, “No, but cut your hair, nails, and mustache and shave the hair below the navel, in this your Qurbani will be fulfilled near Allah.” (Abu Dawood, Nisaee)

That is, whoever does not have the means to do Qurbani will get the reward for Qurbani by doing these things.

Some Important Masail

Masala 1: With regard to Qurbani, sahibul Nisaab is the person who

A) Owns 52 ½ taula of silver (612.4 grams, 19.75 ounces) or 7 ½ taula of gold
(87.48 grams, 2.82 ounces)
B) Or owns the equivalent of the price of these in business possessions or non-business possessions
C) Or owns equivalent of naqd [cash] or money

And the owned possessions are more than the hajate asalia [explaned in Masala 2].

Masala 2: Hajate asalia, that is, the things which are necessary to for a livelihood. Possessions of these things does not make Qurbani nor Zakat wajib. Like the house to live in, the clothes to wear in the summer and winter, possessions the household, animals or cars for transportation, equipment for work, and books for the people of knowledge.

Masala 3: By books it is meant the Quran, Hadith, Usool of Hadith, Usool of Fiqh, Ilm Kalaam, Akhlaq, and other religious books. Just like this, books of medicine are hajate asalia for a doctor.

Masala 4: Besides this, more than copy of books such as religious books, Nahw, Sarf, Nujoom, Stories, Deewan, and other books are not hajate asalia. If their value reaches nisab then Qurbani is wajib.

Masala 5: Quran Majeed is not hajate asalia for a Hafiz.

Masala 6: Qurbani is not wajib on a musafir (traveler) even if he is wealthy. Although, if he wishes to do Qurbani for Nafl reward then he may do so.

Masala 7: If a woman has jewelry given to her by her father or any other possessions which she owns which reaches the value of nisab then Qurbani is wajib on her also. This is the order of every year.

Masala 8: If a Malikun Nisaab (owner of Nisaab) does Qurbani in his name at one time and if he is a malikun nisaab the next year then it is wajib on him to do Qurbani [for that year]. This is the order of every year. (Tirmizi)

Masala 9: If malikun nisaab person does Qurbani in someone else’s name besides himself and not in his name then he is a grave sinner. So, if one wants to Qurbani for someone else then he should make arrangements for another Qurbani for the other person.

Animals of Qurbani

Masala 10: Male or female camel, cow, buffalo, goat, sheep, and ram are all permissible.

Masala 11: A camel must of 5 years, a cow and buffalo of 2 years, a goat, sheep, and ram of 1 year. If the animal is younger than this then qurbani is not permissible, if older than this then it is permissible, in fact it is better. However, if the six-month old offspring of sheep or ram is so big that from looking from afar the sheep or ram looks like a year old then it is permissible.

Masala 12: It is wajib for a sahibun nisaab to slaughter one goat or to slaughter a seventh of camel, cow, and buffalo, it is not permissible to slaughter less than one seventh of the animal.

Masala 13: To slaughter more than a seventh is permissible such as five or six persons slaughtering a cow or buffalo, rather, one person may do qurbani of a whole cow.

The Days of Qurbani

Masala 14: The time for Qurbani is from the dusk of dawn on the 10th of Zul Hijjah to the sunset of the 12th of Zul Hijjah, that is, two days and three nights.

Masala 15: The best date for Qurbani is the 10th of Zul Hijjah, then 11th, and then the 12th.

Masala 16: It is not Jaiz (permissible) to do Qurbani before the Salah of Eid in the city.

The Ahkam of Meat and Skin

Masala 17: One may eat the meat of Qurbani himself or give it to a poor or wealthy person or feed them, rather, it is mustahab (better) that the one who has done the Qurbani also eats some from the Qurabni.

Masala 18: It is best for the one who will do Qurbani that to not eat or drink anything from dusk of dawn on the 10th of Zul Hijjah and when the Qurbani is done, he eat from it’s meat.

Masala 19: It is better to divide the meat into three parts in such a way that one for the Fuqaraa and Masakeen (the poor and needy), one part for the friends and relatives, and one part for his own household. If the household persons are many then he my feed all of the meat to his household.

Masala 20: If one did Qurbani on behalf of a deceased person then he may eat the meat himself and feed it to his friends and relatives, that is, if the deceased had not made waseeah (willed) this Qurbani otherwise give all in Sadqa.

Masala 21: If the Qurbani is done because of a mannat (vow) then one can not eat the meat himself nor can he feed to the wealthy rather it is wajib to give it in Sadqa, the vower my be a wealthy or poor person.

Masala 22: It is not permissible to give the meat to a Kafir.

Masala 23: It is not permissible to give the leather or meat or any part of it to the butcher or to the one who did the slaughter (for you) as a payment.

Leather of Qurbani

Masala 24: It is not permissible to sell the leather/skin of the Qurbani and bring the money into personal use. However, one may use the leather/skin for personal use.

Masala 25: Many people give the skin to religious Madarsas which is a afdal(best) and the means of getting great reward. At times, it is difficult to send the skin to the madarsas so people sell the skin and send the money to the madarsas which is also no problem.

The Way of Zabh (Slaughter)

Masala 26: Four arteries are to be cut whilst slaughtering. If three of the four arteries are cut or most of the each four arteries are cut then the slaughterd is Halal.

Masala 27: If one purposely did not say Arabic text (that is, did not take the name of Allah) then the animal is haraam. If he forgot then the animal is halal

Masala 28: If one handed over the animal to the butcher before completely slaughtering the animal then the butcher must also say Arabic text before proceeding with slaughtering the animal.

Masala 29: To slaughter in such a way that the knife reaches the haraam magz (spinal cord ) or that the head comes off is makrooh (undesirable) but the animal can be eaten, that is, the undesirability is with this action not with the zabeeha (slaughter).

Masala 30: The same order applies for a woman as does for a man, that is, the slaughter of a woman (performed by a woman) is permissible.
Masala 31: The slaughter of a Mushrik or Murtad (performed by them) is dead and haraam.


 




Indian-American Nikki Haley has created the history on Wednesday (November 3), by becoming first woman to won the South Carolina Governor seat in United States midterm polls.

Born to Sikh parents who migrated from Punjab, Ms. Haley defeated Democrat Vincent Sheheen, with a surprisingly close vote in the most expensive election in state history. US media reported that early results showed that Haley got 51 percent of the votes to Sheheens 47 percent. In the general election, she faces the Democratic nominee, Vincent Sheheen, who won his primary on June 8.

Haley will be the first woman chief executive of the State and America’s second Indian-American governor after Louisiana Governor Bobby Jindal. In 2007, Bobby Jindal became the Governor of Louisiana and the first Indian-American governor in the United State.

While delivering a victory speech to supporters in Columbia in South Carolina, Haley said, “This is a really great night because South Carolina just showed the rest of the country what we’re made of.”

On the occasion, Nick Ayers, executive director of the Republican Governors Association said, “Nikki Haley’s historic victory in South Carolina is a testament to her hard work, perseverance and determination. Her success ushers in a new era of South Carolina politics and represents a growing new generation of Republican leaders from across the country.”

Haley was born in Bamberg, South Carolina. She was first elected to represent the 87th District in Lexington County in 2004. In 2008, Haley was sent back to the state house with 83 percent of the vote.

Nikki’s husband Michael is a full time federal technician with the South Carolina National Guard and an officer in the Army National Guard. They live in Lexington with their two children, Rena, 12, and Nalin, 8.

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Hollywood glamour girl Pamela Anderson is in high demand for the ongoing season of “Big Boss’. The makers of the show, has approached the former “Baywatch’ star to enter the reality show as a celebrity cougar.

amela may enter the house as a “sexy older woman’ to kidnap the male housemates, which is a part of the tasks. Then the other female housemates will be competing in various challenges to get the boys back.

According to a source, “The 43 year old is ready to enter the reality show of Channel Colors. Her presence will spice up the show and the male housemates will be entertained as well. She is one of the most iconic women in the world. Pamela oozes sex appeal and liveliness and if she enters the house, it is going to be a real coup.”

The bosses of the show are looking for a celebrity “cougar’ woman of more than 40 years, who has a liking for younger men.

The source added, “A female celebrity is sure to enter the “Big Boss’ house in any condition.”

The 46 year old actress Brigitte Nielson and 55 year old former model Janice Dickinson are also being considered besides Anderson.

However, if Pamela enters “Big Boss’, the show is definitely going to get a higher rating this year!
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{November 13, 2010}   History of football in Pakistan

By: Ali Ahsan

mainfoot newin A history of football in Pakistan — Part I

Football was introduced in the Indian Subcontinent during the British Raj.

Football – the beautiful game – has remained a truly global sport for decades. While it often depicts regional competitiveness, it has the capacity of uniting the whole world – even it is only for 90 minutes.

From the broken down alleys of the African and South American slums, to the state-of-the-art gigantic arenas of Western Europe – it is a multi-billion-dollar-a-year industry and the heartbeat of sports fans across the world.

Pakistan is no different. This country also shares a colourful, albeit underachieving, football history. Often regarded as the ‘poor man’s sport’, it is strange how despite football’s simplicity and widespread appeal among the masses across the country, the game has failed to reach the same heights as hockey and cricket.

It is not strange to ask a common Pakistani about the national football team and receive a blank stare and a shrug in return. They cannot be blamed given how football has been an obscure sport that not many seem to care about.

To Pakistanis, the global game was like a silent unknown, even unwanted, step-child waiting for attention inside a house already over-populated with other noisy, attention-seeking kids. But without a shadow of a doubt, football should never be considered a ‘foreign’ sport in this country. Its history in these parts is even older than the country itself.

Humble origins
For a game that was introduced to South Asia in the mid-19th Century as a morale-raising exercise for British troops during the British Raj, its simplicity and grace started capturing the imagination of the inhabitants of the Subcontinent. So profound were its effects on British India that 3rd the oldest running football competition, after the English FA Cup and Scottish FA Cup, is the Durand Cup that is still contested annually in India ever since its inauguration in 1888. Initially an annual competition involving the various British regiments based across India, it slowly started allowing local teams, especially from the Bengal region, to take part. Soon in early 20th Century, there were local football leagues centred on Calcutta (Kolkata) and Dacca (Dhaka) that gave the rise of teams like Mohammedan Sporting Club (its branches based across various Bangladeshi cities), Mohun Bagan, and East Bengal. South India, specifically Goa because of its Portuguese influence, also took up the game and established own local competitions.

LyariKids newin A history of football in Pakistan — Part I

The African-origin Sheedi community of the Makran coast and areas that now make up Karachi also took up this sport with a love and passion burns across Lyari. —File photo by White Star

In the north-western parts of what is now Balochistan and Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, the nomadic and fierce Baloch and Hazara tribes based around Quetta immediately took a liking to the game upon watching it being played. The game’s popularity also spread among the Pakhtuns as well as the Punjabis who took it in their stride. The African-origin Sheedi community of the Makran coast and areas that now make up Karachi also took up this sport with a love and passion burns across Lyari. Local school and college level competitions were introduced as the game evolved in South Asia.

Pakistan emerges
Upon independence in 1947, both East and West wings of Pakistan inherited the football infrastructure, like other sports, based in their respective territories. The need for establishing a nationwide football association was urgent, given that India inherited the erstwhile Calcutta-based Indian Football Association and the All-India Football Federation (AIFF), in order to govern the game properly across Pakistan.

The Pakistan Football Federation hence came into existence on December 5, 1947 and became a full member of FIFA in early 1948 with the Quaid-i-Azam, Muhammad Ali Jinnah its Patron-in-Chief.

One can only speculate if the Quaid actually had a liking for football, given how he spent many years of his life studying and practising law in England when the Football League system was evolving during the late 1880s. In fact, the Quaid’s 1930s extended stay in London coincided with the dominating Arsenal FC side of the legendary Herbert Chapman who masterminded a team that won a remarkable total of 5 Football League First Division titles and 2 FA Cup wins between 1930 and 1938.

In 1948, the PFF organised the first ever National Football Championship held in Karachi between 28th May and 5th June. The first ever national champions were Sindh Red who defeated Sindh Blue in the final. However, any sort of professionalism in the game was non-existent. Pakistan was no different, as the first participants of the National Football Championship used players from local schools, colleges, government departments that coincidentally employed sportsmen, and open trials. Football in these parts was still years behind Europe.

Playing the game barefoot was a norm in South Asia and this practice cost India dearly. India were invited to the 1950 World Cup in Brazil, after their remarkable fourth-place finish at the 1948 London Olympics. The Indian team, however, insisted on playing barefoot and were eventually disqualified by the game’s governing body.

The PFF had a turbulent first two years due to a lack of funds and mismanagement. As a result, the National Championship was not held in 1949. However in early 1950, the PFF was completely restructured and reorganised after a general meeting of the council. Alhaj Khawaja Shahabuddin was made the PFF President and Wing Commander H.A. Soofi elected as the Honorary Secretary. This new look PFF helped bring back the National Championship, this time held in early September 1950 at Quetta where a Balochistan Red team beat Sindh in the final.

Due to infrequent nationwide competitions, it was the norm for Pakistani clubs teams to pursue friendly tours in neighbouring countries each year. Teams from Afghanistan, Iran, India, and Burma would often host Pakistani sides and play friendly matches against them in front of capacity crowds throughout the 1950s and later in the 1960s.

The well-organised Dacca Football League in East Pakistan often attracted the best players from West Pakistan to play professionally in a competition run as a parallel to the National Championships each year.

Fledging national team
The results of the 1950 National Championship helped in the selection of the first ever Pakistan national football team that was to be sent on its first official tour to Iran and Iraq in October 1950 for some much needed international experience.

Under the captaincy of goalkeeper Osman Jan, Pakistan’s first ever official international game resulted in a 5-1 loss at the hands of Iran in Tehran on 27th October 1950 on the occasion of the birthday celebrations of the Shah of Iran, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi. Very little is known about the scorers of the game because of lost records but what is known is that Pakistani team played the game barefoot which bemused the home crowd which also included the Iranian royal family as guests. Pakistan also played unofficial friendly games with Tehran’s Taj FC (now known as Esteghlal FC), beating them 6-1, as well as a team from Isfahan with whom Pakistan drew 2-2.

Pakistan then travelled to Iraq to play against the Iraqi national team in another official friendly in Baghdad, but the Iraqi FA was not able to gather the full Iraqi side. However, thanks to the intervention of Iraqi FA President Obaid Abdullah, Pakistan ended up playing his Iraqi club Haris al-Maliki (Royal Guards) in an unofficial friendly on 6th November 1950 at Baghdad’s Kashafa Stadium. In front of a 10,000 crowd, Pakistan once again played barefoot but managed to draw the game 1-1 with some good attacking displays, and missed chances, from both sides. The heroics of goalkeeper Osman Jan kept Pakistan from losing in the dying minutes of the game.

The Pakistan team that toured Iran and Iraq included goalkeeper and captain Osman Jan (Sindh), Muhammad Ramzan (Sindh), Muhammad Zaman Shah (Balochistan), Muhammad Hussain (Sindh), Ahmed Ali (Balochistan), Abdul Wahid Durrani (NWFP),Muhammad Yaqoob (NWFP), Muhammad Sharif (Punjab), Saadullah Khan Kaku (Army), Muhammad Qasim (Sindh), Taj Muhammad Jr (Balochistan), Muhammad Shafi (Sindh), Abid (East Pakistan), Haroon (Punjab) and Aziz Saeed Mirza. Khawaja Riaz Ahmed was team manager and Abdul Sattar Kohati as assistant manager.

The apparent success of the national team was expected to have encouraged frequent participation in international friendlies with teams from rest of Asia. However, it wasn’t until early 1952 that the national team were to play again; this time in the newly formed Asian Quadrangular League held at Colombo, Ceylon (now known as Sri Lanka) which became more commonly known as the Colombo Cup. One won’t be far off thinking that the Colombo Cup was precursor of the now established SAFF Championships.

It was at this tournament that the first ever Pakistan vs India football match took place; an affair that finished surprisingly as a 0-0 draw. In the next game Pakistan recorded its first ever international win, beating hosts Ceylon 2-0, and Pakistan then beat Burma 1-0 and Pakistan and India were declared joint winners of the inaugural Colombo Cup after both sides finished level on points.

The 1950s were a sporadic period in Pakistan’s international football. Because of very limited options available for PFF, international games were very infrequent. Perhaps most importantly, Pakistan could not participate in any World Cup qualification for many years because of such financial limitations as well as political instability inside the PFF that would hinder Pakistani football’s progress for many decades! Pakistan could only compete in the subsequent Colombo Cup editions (Burma 1953, India 1954, East Pakistan 1955) and the Asian Games football tournaments (Philippines 1954, Japan 1958).

pakistan55 newin A history of football in Pakistan — Part I

The 1955 Pakistan football team.

The national team recorded mixed results by finishing 2nd place behind winners India in each of the three Colombo Cup editions, and narrowly missing out on progressing past the first round in the Asian Games tournaments. Pakistan did record some breathtaking victories that included a 6-0 win over Ceylon in 1953 Colombo Cup, a 6-2 win over Singapore on our Asian Games debut in 1954 thanks to hat trick by Masood Fakhari in a side captained by Pak Army’s Seargent Mohiuddin Kutti, as well as a 4-2 win over Burma in 1955 Colombo Cup thanks to a debut hat trick by Quetta’s very own star Qayyum Ali Changezi in a side that contained Jamil Akhtar as captain.

Already a hero for the Balochistan teams that would win the National Championships in 1956 (and once again later in 1959), the powerfully built yet graceful Qayyum Changezi would become one of the finest footballers of his generation alongside Masood Fakhri, Sergeant Mohiuddin Kutti, Taj Muhammad Sr. & Jr., Jamil Akhtar, Ghulam Rabbani, Turab Ali, Moosa Ghazi, Hussain Killer, Ahmed Ali Phullo, Master Riasat, Ismail Durrani, Abdul Wahid Durrani, Mohammad Yaqoob, Abdul Ghafoor Majna, Abid Ghazi, Mohammad Siddiq, Sunbal Khan, Muhammad Omar, Naimatullah Durrani.

During that time, the PFF became one of the 12 founding members of the Asian Football Confederation (AFC) on 8th May 1954. Pakistan was scheduled to play Afghanistan for the inaugural 1956 AFC Asian Cup qualifiers, but both sides withdrew at the 11th hour for unknown reasons. However in late 1959, after an unofficial tour to Burma with a former Scottish goalkeeper turned guest coach/selector named John McBride, Pakistan finally decided to send a team for the 1960 Asian Cup qualifiers hosted by India at Enakulam, Kerala State in which a Qayyum Ali Changezi-led Pakistan played the hosts, Iran, as well then-AFC members Israel twice each.

While only Israel managed to qualify by topping that group, it was a very memorable moment for Pakistan as it managed to record its first victories over Iran (4-1) as well as India (1-0) whilst drawing 2-2 with Israel and finished 3rd place (ahead of hosts India, but behind Iran) in the group.

Could an Israel-Pakistan match be possible today? Given how the Palestinian/Arab-Israeli conflict has eventually gotten a strongly (often irrational) religious tone on both sides as well as around the world in recent decades, one will not be wrong doubting such a match will ever take place.

Pakistan football team’s international matches from 1950 to 1959

1950 – Pakistan Tour to Iran (Birthday of Shah of Iran)
Manager: Khawaja Riaz Ahmed, Asstt. Manager: Abdul Sattar Kohati
Iran beat Pakistan 5-1 in presence of Shah of Iran
Pakistan beat Taj FC 6-1 and drew 2-2 against a club from Isfahan

1952 – Ist Asian Quadrangular Tournament – Colombo
Manager: Khawaja Riaz Ahmed, Asst. Manager: Shajahan, Captain: Abdul Waheed
Pakistan 2 – 0 Ceylon
Pakistan 1-0 Burma
India 0 – 0 Pakistan (Final)

1952 – Iran in Pakistan
Captain Abdul Wahid Durrani (Pak)
Iran 3 – 1 Pakistan – Lahore
Iran 4 – 2 Pakistan – Peshawar
Iran 3 – 1 Pakistan – Quetta
Iran 1 – 1 Pakistan – Karachi (this is the only match of tour considered an official friendly by FIFA)

1953 – 2nd Asian Quadrangular Tournament – Rangoon
Manager – Syed Rahman, Captain – Mohammad Sharif
India 1 – 0 Pakistan
Burma 1 – 1 Pakistan
Pakistan 6 – 0 Ceylon
Pakistan 1 – 0 India (Unofficial Charity Match)

1954 – Asian Games
Manila Manager – Khawaja Riaz Ahmed, Asst. Manager – Khadakar, Captain – Sergeant Mohiuddin Kutti
Pakistan 6-2 Singapore
Burma 2-1 Pakistan

1955 – 2nd Asian Quadrangular Tournament – Dhaka
Manager – Abdul Wahid, Asst. F. Karim Chaudhry, Captain Jamil Akhtar
Pakistan 4 – 2 Burma
Pakistan 2 – 1 Ceylon
Pakistan 1 – 2 India

1956 – Pakistan tour to China
Pakistan 1 – 1 Canton XI (Friendly)
Pakistan 2 – 2 China (Test – not counted as official friendly by FIFA/AFC)
Pakistan 0 – 1 Chinese Army (Friendly)
Pakistan 0 – 5 Chinese Youth Team (Friendly)

1958 – Asian Games Tokyo – Japan
Manager – Sharif Khan, Asstt. Manager – Rehman , Captain – Nabi Chaudhry (East Pakistan)
Pakistan 1-3 Taiwan
Pakistan 1-1 South Vietnam

1959 – Pakistan tour to Burma
Manager – Malik M. Hussain, Asstt. Manager K.P Jafar, Captain Masoodul Hassan Pakistan 3 – 2 Burma XI
Pakistan 0 – 1 Burma (not counted as official by FIFA/AFC)
Pakistan 2 – 4 Burma (not counted as official by FIFA/AFC)

1959 – 1960 Asian Cup Qualifiers– hosted in India
Manager – Flight Lt. Ramizuddin, Asstt. Manager – Pir Bakhsh Baloch, Coach – Saeed Mirza – Captain – Qayyum Ali Changezi,
‘Home’ Matches: Pakistan 0 – 1 India, Pakistan 4 – 1 Iran, Pakistan 2 – 1 Israel
‘Return’ Matches: Pakistan 1 – 0 India, Pakistan 1 – 4 Iran, Pakistan 2 – 2 Israel

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The writer is the chief editor, Pakistan correspondent and forum administrator of FootballPakistan.Com and would like to thank the co-founder, webmaster, and chief editor of FPDC Malik Riaz Hai Naveed, veteran football journalist Riaz Ahmed, and the Pakistan Football Federation for providing information that helped create this article chronicling the history for Pakistani football.

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{November 13, 2010}   Diplomacy by flattery

By: Jawed Naqvi

WHEN US President Barack Obama chose to stay at Mumbai`s Taj Hotel last week, it was seen as a gesture of America`s solidarity with India`s fight against terrorism.

The hotel was a target in the Mumbai terror outrage of November 2008. By the time Mr Obama signed a joint statement with Prime Minister Manmohan Singh in Delhi his choice of the Taj had acquired a more palpable symbolism. The hotel was built with money from the India-China opium trade. The opium export to China was legal under British colonial laws though the Chinese resisted it as an assault on their sovereignty.

The differences resulted in the outrageous Opium Wars between British garrisons and Chinese satraps. Lest we forget, the Chinese resistance to Indian opium was akin to the anti-colonial upsurge against the British crown as evidenced in the Boston harbour.

In a way The Boston Tea Party of 1773 that triggered America`s break from Britain, completed the irony of Mr Obama`s recent visit to India. It involved a significant jostling between three countries that were subjugated in different ways by a common former foe — British colonialism.

While the more readily obsequious among the Indian media parroted the American line in concert with the spurious nationalist assertion about India`s emergence as a global player thanks to Mr Obama`s conditional support for New Delhi`s quest to sit at the UN high table, The New York Times put it plainly, and without excessive waffling.

It observed that Mr Obama`s promise on UNSC membership signalled an American plan for India “that would expand commercial ties and check the influence of an increasingly assertive China”. That the plan envisages pitting India against Myanmar and Iran remains a less discussed fine print.

The timing of the visit was significant. Messrs Obama and Singh are headed to South Korea this week for a meeting of the Group of 20, “apparently in agreement on what is expected to be a significant clash between the world`s big powers over the United States Federal Reserve`s plan to boost the American economy by pumping $600bn into it”.

It so happens that China has severely criticised the move by the US central bank, which it sees as intended to push down the value of the dollar to boost American exports. In fact, Germany`s finance minister equated the move with currency manipulation “with the help of their central bank`s printing presses”.

Mr Obama`s defence of the measure absurdly enough found backing from his Indian host. “Anything that would stimulate the underlying growth and policies of entrepreneurship in the United States would help the cause of global prosperity,” the Indian prime minister ad-libbed.

Should someone have asked him to explain how a weak US dollar was good for anyone wanting to export to America? Dr Singh might have been indulgent because he plans to import huge quantities of military hardware from the US, perhaps for some new wars minus the opium.

It has been a widely caricatured characteristic of the feudal rajas and nawabs that they were susceptible to flattery. Few expected a proud Indian republic to fall prey to the lure of easy praise. However, in a country in which support by Malawi and Tonga for UNSC membership makes newspaper headlines, Mr Obama`s address to parliament was manna from heaven.

The speech, replete with easy praise and distorted history, was naturally applauded by both the ruling Congress and the more stridently nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party. Had Mr Obama been more objective with his history, his praise for Gandhi`s peaceful methods should have been juxtaposed with George Washington`s military prowess that vanquished British colonialism. His praise for King Jr and Ambedkar should have been followed by a comparison of the continuing and relentless plight of black Americans and Indian Dalits.

However, now and henceforth India was going to be a major military power. It is another matter that its 600 million people, roughly 85 per cent of the population, still eke out a living on a dollar a day. But India was now going to take on all the threatening windmills in its neighbourhood and beyond, militarily if necessary.

Mr Obama would of course not say it to the Indian parliament, but his current four-nation trip of Asia touches base with three other countries — Indonesia, where an American-backed military dictator slaughtered millions of anti-imperialist partisans in the 1960-70s, thus clearing the ground for today`s religious zealots to gain strength; South Korea, where it has stationed troops to sustain an internecine war since the 1950s; and Japan, an economic ally it once nuked. Is there a lesson for India?

For all his talk of global nuclear disarmament in New Delhi, Mr Obama has refused to attend an anti-nuclear meeting of Nobel laureates when he visits Japan because it would be a sign of a weak American presidency to be seen with those who censure the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

There is another symbolism in Mr Obama`s stay at the Taj. It was built by its Indian owner after he was not allowed into Mumbai`s “for whites only” hotels. It is just as well that the first couple stayed in a suite that had no view of Mumbai`s most familiar landmark — its massive clusters of impoverished but unvanquished slums. If India survives Mr Obama`s grizzly embrace, it would be partly because life in its slums remains unaffected by kind words or distorted history.

The writer is Dawn `s correspondent in Delhi.

jawednaqvi@gmail.com

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{November 11, 2010}   CID Building, Karachi Bomb Blast

In the past, we’ve observed a common practice that whenever Government wants to do something which might affect common Pakistani, they raise something new and divert the attention of media towards that issue resulting in smooth decision taking with reaction percentage zero from media and opposition.

Today, city of Quaid, the city of lights witnessed an extreme barbaric act of terrorism i.e. Bomb Blast at CID Building situated in a red zone and considered to be most secured area of the Karachi with Five star hotels, clubs, gymkhana, Chief Minister’s Residence, Governor’s residence and last but not the least, American Consulate. Attackers in Car & bikes, initially started their attack from P.I.D.C roundabout and open fire and after 150 to 20 minutes of this activity, a ladden van carrying approx. thousand kg of explosive,  struck the C.I.D building.

The first statement which comes from Sindh Govt. representative was that, this is nothing just a reaction from Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (who claimed responsibility as reported by local media) when CID arrested their men about 48 hours ago.

With this statement the questions which popup in my mind are :-

1) Is it possible to plan such a brutal attack within hours/days ?

2) If yes, then these extreme elements must have a strong network of terrorism in Karachi (which our agencies and law enforcement agencies can’t see), their network is stronger then the network of agencies ?

3) If yes, then they must be planning to strengthen this network since years, what our agencies and law enforcement departments are doing ?

4)  Other thing is timing of the blast, i.e. just before the assembly session which will approve RGST. Is it the same propaganda act by Government ?

The Karachi bomb attack has shifted the media away from criticizing the price hikes, inflation and now RGST will also get approval smoothly tomorrow. as far as I can remember, there has always been bomb attack within a week of the Government announcing price raise. If you investigate since 2007 and you will get the link to prove this aspect of the terrorism.

What I mean to say is that the media should not get carried away focusing on Bomb attacks, when they have so elegantly created awareness about the price increases and the coming taxes. RGST is bound to be approved because we HAVE to, and have already promised IMF for doing it.

Regarding the severe and urban bomb attacks, if one would investigate they happen close to the bomb attacks the Government forces on its people. Now, there is a great possibility that it could be a coincidence too, because the price increases and the bomb attacks are very frequent in the past 3 years. But the Zaid Hamid angle should also not be ignored. As where there is smoke, there has to be a fire. I am also not ruling out Black Water/XE from this scenario, as once again the Taliban have claimed responsibility in ‘urgency’ i.e. within ten minutes of the blast.

Apart from the questions mentioned above, i don’t understand one more thing. I wonder how thousand KG explosive was transported in a city with strict checking on all entrance, and was shifted to a van then moved to red zone area where police is active in snap checking, specially at the time when security is on high alert :O. Eye witnesses told resources that the attackers opened fire, covered a distance of about 400meters (in car and on bike, where pillion riding is restricted) reached C.I.D building, killed security personnel deployed on the main gate, opened the barrier, and then ladden  van entered the premises and then they blew up everything, and all this activity was performed in 25 minutes in a red zone (High security zone).

does that click your mind ?

something fishy for sure 🙂

 




Hundred of Thousands of People paid their last respects to the leader of hugely Popular MQM in Karachi.
Dr Imran Farooq 50 was Murdered on 16the Sep 2010 in london.

He was a Prominent Leader of MQM, the Biggest Party of Urban Sindh and 3rd Largest of Pakistan.

People in Hundred of Thousands lined up in long queues to attend the Funeral Prayers of Dr Imran Farooq, Independent Observers estimates around 500,000 to 700,000 people who attended the funeral and makes it the largest funeral in the History of Pakistan.

 

 

 

Media Extract:

Daily Dawn: More than 200,000 mourners packed the streets of Karachi on Saturday for the burial of slain Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM) politician Imran Farooq, amid heightened security in the bustling port city.

Geo: Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM) leader Dr. Imran Farooq, has been laid to rest in Shuhada Cemetery Yaseenabad amid beefed up security, Geo News reported Saturday.

Express

Video Coverage:

May Allah rest his soul in peace.

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