Youth Awareness











{July 21, 2013}   What if there was No MQM ?

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I sometimes wonder what would happen to Pakistan’s politics if there was no MQM. Who would they blame for all their misery and plight? Who would be the common enemy? Who would be branded as traitors? Who would be used to distract the people of Pakistan of their real issues like electricity, jobs and security? What would happen to those who like to find all solutions of their troubles by just criticizing MQM ?

What more? What would happen to the people of Karachi and Southern Sindh who have gotten there as where they are today because of MQM ? So what would be the world like without MQM today. I’m blogging to draw an outline of a Karachi and Hyderabad without MQM. Than let you decide if you could have a progressive Pakistan without MQM and its leader Altaf Hussain.

1986 was the year when I was in Class three when I heard a sudden burst of fire next to my school whose window over looked into the Qasba area of Karachi. As my teacher came to take me down stairs. I could see people which I would not name taking aim at my school. I remember strongly my worried father rushing to take me back home. The same year I remember that whilst shopping with my Dad one Friday afternoon; all chaos broke loose when again a certain ethnicity was about to attack the area and we remember that my Dad drove our Toyota 74 Corolla like crazy into the thin alleys to save us from the probable attackers. I remember growing up out of fear at that time. These were the formative years of MQM.

Now lets assume if MQM by any chance was not formed. The Jihadist who were behind all these actions at that time and not an ethnicity would have taken over the city. Imagine if at that time those who suffered did not fight back or by any chance people would not have united behind MQM and its leadership especially Mr. Altaf Hussein. What could have happened to the city? We all crib today that lawlessness was introduced by MQM. But people MQM came into existence fighting off the same lawlessness. What if the guy taking an aim at my school would have shot me or my friends? I am sure any one even living in Lahore or confines of Islamabad would not like to even imagine it for a moment.

Technically speaking, three parties or may be a fourth would have held between them the mandate of the city. So would it have still stopped the Bhatta in the city since it always there before MQM and since we as a nation anyways decided to host an international terrorist like Dawood Ibrahim in our city in the mid 90’s, which we of course deny. He would have introduced it any ways. Would Lyari known for pushing drugs and smuggling would have desisted from doing their traditional way of business? I doubt so.

Come 1996 when Taliban movement picked up. And possibly with strong roots in Karachi without MQM many of our sons would have become fodder in an insane conflict in Afghanistan. Without MQM we might have been under attack post September 11 as it was MQM which showed solidarity with the international world by taking a peace rally and rightfully so; as now we are discovering via many commissions that most of the Al Qaeda terrorists were in Karachi. Imagine all of us would have been assumed in the same stride and an emotional USA’s reaction could have been painful.

The people of Karachi who are today seen as liberal and reformists in the eyes of the world would have been seen as terrorists instead. Would there have existed a Zamzama, even the modern schools which we all take pride in? Would there have existed even Cinema’s which were burned at the first opportunity during riots by Islamists? Would our daughters and sisters have been allowed to go to schools or colleges? Imagine without MQM; the influx of Talibans or Jihadists life could have been like living as in some parts of KPK. What worst we could have handed over a strategic port to these elements since we can see our establishment do not look in control over them.

Now lets not forget the feudals and landlords who were in control of the city. Do you think they would not have continued grabbing land. The nucleus of all parties which is corrupt would not have continued doing what they are good at i.e. loot and plunder? Who would have stood for your rights as we can see there is no allocation in the recent Sind budget for Urban Sind and there was hardly anything before.

Today, what ever any one might say. Karachi is not Talibanized. The people of Karachi who anyway would have been called Mohajirs for the rest of the life feel empowered to serve the nation. Now don’t say they would not have as in interviews during 90’s including myself at the Army application center I was reminded that I am a son of a Mohajir very rudely. Karachi continues to be the hub of Pakistan against all odds where efforts were made to malign its position by pushing development elsewhere and most importantly a united Karachi and Urban Sind has a more say in the center. Unlike where sorry to mention that now only one or two cities i.e. Lahore or Islamabad run the country whilst the rest are there to support. Correct me if I am wrong the same Nawaz Sharif who was so anxious to see Chief Justice to go to Mazar e Quaid on May 12th 2007 is yet to visit it after taking oath as a Prime Minister.

ImageKarachi Nights

Now I am sure I would invite the ire of many. But in my view and the many others. MQM and its leadership is the most sincere party to the Urban Sind whilst the rest like JI and PTI just want to use it as one of the cards up its sleeve in the center whilst for MQM this is the only card. All the more reason why they are sincere to it. Now we should not forget that MQM stood shoulder by shoulder with our Army and its intelligence when Talibans were cutting to size our soldiers elsewhere in the country. MQM has contributed through its manpower and its support to build Pakistan. Whilst they still await justice for Qasba massacre, Hyderabad carnage and the 1992 operation. They still stand by Pakistan. Now this shows clearly their sincerity to the nation that their forefathers built and I am sure if given its due credit can pull Pakistan out of its misery where they have proven if they could do it against all the odds in Urban Sind with hands tied. I am sure due to their strong nucleus and leader ship could deliver the same for Pakistan. Now I leave that for you to decide. Do you still want to see a Pakistan with or without MQM? My vote lies with it for our Pakistan. Pakistan Zindabad!

 

By Danish Kazi




This is not Islam

We cannot turn a ‘Blind Eye’ to the hastily increasing religious extremism and intolerance in our society. Sectarian violence and religious extremism is an unpredictable menace. History is sated with incidents of such sorts in various countries. The chauvinists and the evil minded selfish natured people are behind this repulsive act. Unfortunate is the fact that usually the Muslim countries are being constantly accused of promoting these evil acts and take ‘jihad’ in terms of terror.

In the case of Pakistan, Islam is considerably more complicated, bound up as it is with languages, lineages, sects and local and regional identifications. Pakistan played a critical role in the 1979 war ofAfghanistan and risked its own stability. Unfortunately the government failed to address the after effects of the war and did not realize the future destruction it may bring to their land. The recent wave of growing religious extremism in our country can be attributed to internal and external factors.

Internally, real threat in Pakistan emanates from domestic and internal security issues in the name of sectarian violence and religious extremism. Pakistan unfortunately has always been affected by these overwhelming threats. The tragic consequences of 9/11 led to a U-turn in the world political affairs and world saw the dawn of imperialism by super power in the name of ‘war against terror’. Pakistanbeing an important member of the world community came into the fierce brunt of this tide of change. What should be understood before going ahead is that foreign forces can never dare to impede in domestic affairs of any state until and unless that states inherent weaknesses and gaps provide them with the opportunity. The decision by our political rulers to be the front ally with U.S. even before the investigation were tend to be completed proves it to be bees in bonnet of our political system.

The 10 years havoc of this war have plunged our state into harm of political, economic, social and religious chaos. Further, the dissection on the issue of blasphemy law, Raymond Davis case, Kerry Lugar Bill etc. has added fuel to the fire. The gap between the government and the society is widening. In contrast to political strategic talks carried out by our government with U.S; a recent poll shows 57% of our population does not opine positive about U.S. policies in our region. This invites other countries in and now it is like a piece of cake for the external powers to further divide an already divided nation. And so far they have done it quite successfully.

Transaction of power from military to civilian government in 2008 dashed the hopes of populace as it brought only the ‘New Faces’ in the corridors of power with the ‘Old Policies.” If Mushrraf was accused for his involvement in Aafia Siddiqi’s case and his support for U.S. than same is the outlook of the present democratic government in U.S. National Raymond Davis case. If Mushrraf agreed to makePakistan a ‘front line state’ in U.S. War against Terrorism same strategy is adopted by Zardari & Co. This gave further rise to religious extremism in Pakistan. Currently, Pakistan in surrounded by tons of problems. And to top it all off Drone attacks, presence of NATO forces in Afghanistan and ‘Ethnic Cleansing Policy’ of west against Muslims throughout the world i.e. in Afghanistan, Iraq, and Palestine etc. played a major role in growing militancy among Muslim youth. It is now a dire need to instantly address this issue and require sincere and utmost efforts from the government to eliminate this curse.

Recent divulgences by Wiki leaks about Pakistani leadership have left no doubts in terms of proving that our leadership is actually paralyzed and follow the instructions from the so called Super Power. Now the question before us is: How Pakistan’s support for U.S-led war on terrorism gave rise to religious extremism in the country? What problems we as a nation are facing due to this religious extremism? What should be the policy of the government to control it? Before discussing these questions at length it is indispensable to discuss the background of this curse and how it originated and got its roots in Pakistan.

Today we are getting the taste of our own medicine in the form of terrorism. Back in 1979, millions of Jehadi’s were trained in Pakistan to achieve U.S. interests of containing Soviet Union in Afghanistan. Soon after the war ended these Jehadi’s were left ruined by their Masters. All hell broke loose when these Mujahideen were tagged as ‘Terrorist’ all of a sudden after 9/11. The reaction from these Jehadi’s was thus quite evident. Whenever people are used and deprived of their basic rights they tend to be attracted towards the extremes of revolt. In Pakistan majority is deprived of basic necessities and prosperous life. It is quite easy to ensnare people who are already frustrated and looking for an explanation for their grievances. What is demanded contemporarily is a new breed of intellectuals capable to guide the people to a meaningful change. Awareness about the true concept of Jihad and the difference between Jihad and terrorism is necessary.

It is not sufficient to ban these organizations. To eliminate them the root cause should be addressed for the complete propagation of violence from the society. Mohammad Aamir Rana in his book “A to Z of Jihadi Organizations in Pakistan” also revealed some realities about the links between Jehadi and sectarian organization in our country. Government should implement a strict law for all the organizations and religious institutes. Any organizations which will be found involved in promoting or blurring the wrong Islamic concepts should be dealt severely. The vigorous enforcement of laws is desired in every respect. Most of the children getting education in these madrassas are from the rural areas of Pakistan. Rural areas of Pakistan are the hub of feudalism. Feudals mostly believe in violence and consider it a best ‘Retention Policy’. The government must act against such families who have been busy in curbing other individually through violence. The spread of education is another aspect which can create awareness among the people. The religious organizations usually target those people who are illiterate so the technique of brainwashing can be applied on them simply. Therefore education is an impotent tool which the government can use to ward off any presence of evil mindedness from the society. Different peace projects should be started between the people of different sects to reduce sectarian differences. If a peace project like “Aman ki Asha” could be started between the two rival states to reduce the differences. Why cannot we start peace projects between different sects and religions living in our society? In this way confusions and delusions regarding different concepts of Islam and other religions can be reduced.

Last but not the least Pakistan should adopt a balanced and valiant foreign policy. Instead of relying on West and IMF for our economic development we should utilize our own resources and manpower. Furthermore, it is now time to understand the veiled conspiracy behind the concept of “New World Order” introduced by west. This is actually a “New World Order Free from Islam” as apparent from the situation. It is a concept which propounds diplomatic immunity for a murderer like Raymond Davis and rebukes an innocent Muslim like Aafia Siddiqui.

As stated time and again, culture of violence is a real menace for Pakistan. It is indeed a complex matter which really needs to be resolved as early as possible through effective policies.
By: Saira Bukhari



A Symbolic Depiction of Continual Struggle

The Generations Striving for a Prosperous & Progressive Pakistan







Open Letter to All Pakistanis

Dear Friends,

unexpectedly, i received an email from someone i know for few months only, and that too on internet (Facebook) only, in email he said sir this is my request to you please post my email (As it is) on your blog, because this is not only my first writeup to any medium (Paper & electronic media) but also very important one too. So friends, i am copy/pasting his email without editing, if anyone feel offensive in it or hurted by the details given, please forgive me.

Mohtaram Pakistanio

Asslam-o-alaikum

Hamare haan ki siyasat kuch is tarhan se hamare andar rach bas gayee hai k na chahte hue bhi hamari zindagion ka aik bara hissa siyasat ki

Imran Khan & his politics

nazar hogaya hai, har mor par hamen is baat ka andaza hota hai k ham jis mahol mein reh rahe hain wahan shareef, izzatdar aur sachai k lie jan de dene wale logon k lie jeena mohal hochuka hai. . .

November 22, 2011, khana khane k bad kuch waqt mila to socha k kuch halat-e-hazra k bare mein jan lia jae, isi ni’at se geo ki website kholi to jo pehli khabar parhne ko mili wo Imran Khan saheb k bare mein thi, jis mein likha tha Imran Khan saheb ki siyasi jamat k Lahore mein waqay daftar ko ba’waja adam adaigi tax, seal kardia gaya hai. Sun kar boht afsos hua kio k Imran Khan saheb ka naam aate hi world cup 1992 ki yadain taza hojati hain, meri nazar mein Imran Khan ki shaksiyat aik boht hi izzat ki hamil shakhsiyat ki hamil hai. khas tor par Imran Khan saheb ne Pakistan ki riwaiti siyasat k khilaf jo ailan-e-jang kia aur tamam quaideen ko apne asane zahir karne ko kaha.

Mere zehn mein jo pehla khayal jo aya wo yahi tha k shayad Pakistan Muslim League (N) ne hameshan ki tarhan PTI k wajood se inkar karte hue siyasi rassa kashi ki shurwat kardi hai aur ye waqya ussi silsilay ki aik karri hai, lekin haqeeqat maloom hone par afsos hua k jo shakhsh dusron ko talqeen karta hai k apne asasay zahir karo, tax do, chori na karo, wo khud apni party office k lie tax ada nahin karta ?

Ye sab waqiyat apne samne dekh kar Pakistan ki 18 crore awam ki tarhan shayad mein khamosh beth jata aur bas siyasi dangal ki numaish dekhta rehta lekin jis cheez ne mujhe qalam uthane par majboor kia uska is pure waqiyay se gehra talluq hai . . .

Abhi kuch dair pehle jab mein apne facebook account ko dekh raha tha to Kamran Khan saheb k page ko visit karte waqt meri nazron se aik aisi cheez guzri jisse dekh kar pehle to mujhe khushi hui lekin jab mere zehn se PTI office wala qissa guzra to mein hairan reh gaya . . .meine dekha k Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaaf k kisi ohdedar ne “Facebook Advert” lagaya hua tha membership k lie…yehan mein aap ko batata chaloon k “Facebook Advert” ki sahoolat hasil karne k lie hamen google walon ko 35$ rozana ki bunyad par ada karne hote hain aur kam se kam muddat aik mahinay ki hoti hai jis ka total kharcha $1050 aur Rs. 92137.5/- hota hai yani k aik “Facebook Advert” chalane k lie Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf aur un k leaders Rs. 3071.25/- per day facebook walon ko de rahe hain sirf logon ko PTI ki taraf raghib karne k lie jo k aik yahoodi lobby hai jab k aise kai adverts PTI k handard aur leaders facebook par chala rahe hain jin par lakhon rupay rozana kharch kie jarahe hain. Dusri taraf almia ye hai k Hukumat-e-Pakistan ko property tax nahin dia ja raha ….aik aisa tax jis se Pakistan k awam k lie falah-o-behboob k kaam kie jane hain . . .

Ye sab haqaiq yaqeenan hamare lie lamha-e-fikria hain aur hamen sochne par majboor karte hain k hamare qol-o-fail mein itna tazad kio hai ? akhir kio ham apni hi bholi bhali awam ko bewaqoof bana kar apne mazmoom azaim ko pura karte hain, wo kon hai jis k isharon par ye sari karwai’yan hoti hain ….wo kon hai jo itna paisa faraham karta hai in logon ko . . .aur agar itna paisa hai to kio ham apni awam ko uska faida nahin dete ? kio bhooka marne dete hain ? kio apni pak sarzameen par mojood pahar jaisa qarz nahin utarte ?

Yaqeenan ye wo chubhte hue sawalat hain jin ka jawab dena koi siyasatdan pasand nahin karega …aur ham awam itne behis hochuke hain k har bar inhi logon ko vote dekar aiwano mein bhej dete hain . . .meri za’tti rae mein Imran Khan saheb baaqi siyasat dano se alag the …lekin ye sab apni aankhon se dekhne k bad meine apni aankhen kholne ka faisal karlia hai aur ye tahayya kia hai k ab ki bar ussi ko vote dekar aiwan mein bhejoonga jis ne haqeeqi mani mein mere sheher aur mere mulk mein rehne wale mazloom Pakistanion k lie kuch kia hoga . . .

Akhir mein,mein sirf apne ham waton se sirf itni guzarish karna chahoonga k khudara apne mulk Pakistan par rehem karen …aise logon ko hargiz vote na den jin k zahir aur batin mein numaya farq hai jo samne kuch kehte hain andaar karte kuch aur hain ….

“Apna ka hamwatan Pakistani ”

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Friends, below are the snapshots that i received as attachments.

1) One of the advert of Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf appearing on “Facebook Advert”

2) Facebook Advert Fee as required by Facebook




By Martin Parry

For (AFP)

An anti-corruption tribunal against Pakistan cricketers Salman Butt, Mohammad Asif and Mohammad Aamer ended Tuesday with no decision and a further hearing scheduled for February 5.

The three face charges of spot-fixing during Pakistan’s tour of England last year in a scandal that rocked the sport. It is alleged that they conspired in the bowling of deliberate no-balls in the Lord’s Test — claims they all deny.

They were provisionally suspended by the ICC in September, with the world governing body’s code of conduct carrying a minimum five-year ban and maximun life out of the game if corruption charges are proved.

The hearing began last Thursday but Michael Beloff, commissioner of the three-man independent tribunal, said they needed more time to consider the issues.

“The tribunal have throughout been very conscious of the importance of these proceedings to the three players and the wider world of cricket,” he said in a statement read to media waiting at the Qatar Financial Centre venue.

“Representations have been made to it to reserve any decision on the charges still before it until it has had sufficient time to give the issues careful consideration and until it is able, at the same time as handing down its decision, to provide written reasons.

“This would not be feasible in the timeframe agreed for this hearing in Doha.

“The tribunal has therefore determined to continue its deliberations and hold a further hearing in Doha on the fifth of February of this year, at which its decisions will be handed down to the parties and any consequential matters will be dealt with.

“Until that date, all three players will remain suspended from all cricketing activities.”

None of the players or their lawyers were immediately available for comment although fast bowler Aamer told reporters earlier in the day that it had been one of the hardest times of his life.

“You can see my eyes are sore because I have not been able to sleep for the last few days,” he said.

“I have been talking to my parents and they have tried to raise my confidence. I know a lot of people are praying for me because its a matter of my career.”

Former Pakistan players expressed disappointment that no verdict was reached.

“It’s absurd,” former captain Zaheer Abbas told AFP.

“The International Cricket Council has kept the players hostage for the last five months and now they have deferred the decision, which is inexplicable.”

Another former captain Asif Iqbal was also surprised at the delay.

“The ICC has taken so much time on this case and have spent so much money on it and yet could not take a decision… it is strange,” said Iqbal.

“I am surprised at the delay.”

The scandal came to light when Britain’s News of the World claimed that seven Pakistani players, including Butt, Aamer and Asif, took money from bookie Mazhar Majeed to obey orders at specific stages in the Lord’s Test in August.

Scotland Yard detectives raided the team hotel in London, reportedly confiscating a huge amount of money from former Pakistan captain Butt’s room.

All three men enlisted serious legal heavyweights to state their cases them with paceman Asif, 28, represented by Allan Cameron, brother of British Prime Minister David Cameron.

Former Test captain and opening batsman Butt, 26, was represented by British-based lawyer Yasin Patel, while 18-year-old Aamer’s legal team was headed by Shahid Karim from Pakistan.

It is seen as the worst scandal in cricket since that of South Africa’s Hansie Cronje.

A decade ago the former South Africa captain, who died in a mysterious plane crash in 2002, was revealed to have accepted money from bookmakers in a bid to influence the course of games as well as trying to corrupt his team-mates.

 




Dr. Hasan Askari Rizvi

The threats to the Pakistani state include socio-cultural intolerance, religious extremism and the use of violence to pursue self-articulated narrow ideological agendas. If these negative trends are coupled with a faltering economy, there is little hope for a stable, democratic Pakistan.

ANALYSIS: New opportunity and old challenges…

Reconciliation between the PPP and the MQM is a major relief to Prime Minister Yousaf Raza Gilani who had been running around last week to muster support to save his government. The MQM has adopted a two-step strategy to join hands with the PPP. In the first stage, the MQM is returning to the official benches and will wait and see if the prime minister fulfils the commitments made to the MQM regarding its political interests in urban Sindh, especially Karachi. If the MQM is satisfied with the progress and the revived PPP-MQM relationship works smoothly, it will return to the federal cabinet in the second stage.

It is a love-hate relationship between the PPP and the MQM. They often dislike each other’s politics but, as the two major political forces in Sindh, they cannot afford to fight with each other all the time. They build pressure on each other to improve their bargaining power but tend to settle down after some noisy discourse and troubled interaction. The MQM has one advantage. Its political domain is limited to urban Sindh, enabling it to stay focused on limited issues and function more coherently. The PPP, on the other hand, is not merely entrenched in rural Sindh but has support in other provinces too. It has to accommodate the concerns of a wider and diversified political spectrum, making political management a cumbersome exercise.

The changed political environment is expected to enable the federal government to devote more attention to serious political and economic problems and the growing polarisation between the religious groups and others in the aftermath of the shocking assassination of Salmaan Taseer on January 4, 2011.

This assassination by a religious zealot has brought to the surface what most of us were not prepared to admit: the major threat to the Pakistani state and society comes from within. These threats include socio-cultural intolerance, religious extremism and the use of violence to pursue self-articulated narrow ideological agendas. If these negative trends are coupled with a faltering economy, especially neglect of the poorest of the poor, there is little hope for a stable, democratic Pakistan.

These problems cannot be addressed without taking tough decisions about the economy, governance and political management. No government can do this without the support of other political parties and societal groups. The opposition political parties are not willing to extend any support or offer an alternate plan of action to resolve these issues. Their partisan outlook does not enable them to look beyond their immediate political interests, i.e. the failure of the federal government.

The latest crisis developed when the JUI-F and the MQM separately decided to quit the coalition and move towards the opposition. Both had their own grievances and decided to walk away at a time when the federal government was under internal and external pressure. However, no single opposition party could move a vote of no-confidence against the federal government. Only the PML-N can initiate a vote of no-confidence but it cannot succeed without getting the support of at least three parties and independent members. It could not put together such an opposition coalition quickly enough.

Two other factors restrained the PML-N. First, Nawaz Sharif cannot become prime minister because he is not a member of the National Assembly. Therefore, the PML-N would have found it hard to create a consensus within the party on any other name and then win support from other political parties to secure the required votes for removing the present prime minister, getting a new prime minister elected and then ensuring a vote of confidence for him. Second, the PML-N knew that its coalition government would have to depend on the support of the smaller parties, including the parties that had betrayed the PPP. This would have made the PML-N hostage to the smaller parties.

The PML-N has therefore adopted the policy of waiting and watching. However, it decided to build pressure on the PPP by giving two deadlines — one of three days and the other of 45 days — for taking steps to implement the proposed PML-N agenda. The PML-N ultimatum has lost relevance due to the return of the MQM to the government’s side.

If Nawaz Sharif forces the PPP ministers to quit the Punjab cabinet on the non-fulfilment of his agenda, it will amount to shooting himself in the foot. The PPP and the PML-Q are likely to work together, which will increase pressure on the PML-N government. If the PML-Q is able to win back its forward bloc, the PML-Q-PPP coalition may opt for a vote of no-confidence against the PML-N government in the Punjab.

The stage for the return of the MQM to the government was set by the latter’s decision to withdraw the enhanced prices of petroleum products on January 6, a questionable decision on economic grounds. However, it gave political space to the prime minister to win back support and provide face-saving to the MQM to return to the PPP’s side. This decision has also won some goodwill for the PPP at the public level.

The federal government has now retrieved its majority. However, long-term survival depends on winning more support and addressing acute economic problems that seem to have compounded with the reversal of petroleum prices, low industrial productivity and little new investment.

The federal government faces the additional challenge of resurgent religious extremism and militancy that will consolidate its gains in the aftermath of the assassination. The orthodox religious groups, unable to assume a commanding role through the electoral process, view street agitation and intimidation as effective instruments for pursuing their religious agendas. They are expected to continue with street agitation, emotional religious appeals and threatening statements to force their choices on society.

Opposition parties like the PML-N, PML-Q and others are not expected to help the federal government stem the current tide of religious extremism. They are interested in their immediate agenda of getting rid of the PPP government. They are not bothered about the long-term implications of religious extremism and militancy for the state and society.

The federal government needs to pay immediate attention to sustaining a stable coalition, quickly taking steps to salvage the economy and curbing the growing polarisation between the religious and other sections in society. It is a tall order but anything short of this threatens the long-term survival of the federal government, if not the current democratic political order.

The writer is a political and defence analyst




By: The Hindu

China and Pakistan on Sunday decided to strengthen communication  and coordination in regional affairs  on “hotspot issues” like Afghanistan, and agreed to “advance pragmatic cooperation” in pursuit of common development and enhance collaboration in border management.

In a joint statement issued at the end of Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao’s three-day visit to Pakistan, the two countries reiterated their resolve to work in tandem on major

international issues including United Nations reform, climate change, and food and energy security. Earlier, addressing a joint sitting of the two Houses of Parliament, Mr. Wen assured Pakistan of China’s steadfast support while maintaining that terrorism should not be linked to any one country or religion.

Acknowledging Pakistan as an important member state of the region, the Chinese leader said Islamabad played a vital role in safeguarding peace, security and stability. “The Chinese side held the view that Pakistan has made great efforts and endured great sacrifices in fighting terrorism, and reiterated that it respects the counter-terrorism strategy constituted and implemented by Pakistan in light of its own national conditions,” said the statement.

The two countries reaffirmed their resolve to cooperate through bilateral and multilateral frameworks to fight terrorism, separatism and extremism — all of which threaten regional peace, stability and security. On the specific issue of Afghanistan, the two voiced support for the unity and territorial integrity of Afghanistan, and also Kabul’s bid to advance peace, reconstruction and national reconciliation.

Rejoicing in their enduring relationship that turns 60 next year, China and Pakistan shared the view that “against the backdrop of a complex and ever-changing international and regional situation, it is of high significance to consolidate and deepen the China-Pakistan all-weather strategic partnership of cooperation”.

In keeping with this spirit, both voiced respect for each other’s territorial integrity and the joint statement reiterated Pakistan’s commitment to the One China policy. Pakistan also supported the “peaceful development of cross-Straits relations and China’s reunification” and the efforts made by the Chinese government to safeguard its sovereignty and territorial integrity.

On developmental matters, China and Pakistan have decided to intensify cooperation in infrastructure development, energy and agriculture on a priority basis. Currency swap arrangements will be established and qualified Pakistani banks will be allowed to open branches in China.

While the possibility of establishing trans-border economic zones will be explored by both sides, Pakistan has decided to establish a Special Economic Zone for Chinese businesses to attract more investment from China.

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{December 13, 2010}   Tips for Success in Interviews

  • First impression is the best impression. You will be judged by ; the way you dress, your educational qualification, work experience, body language, manners, ability to absorb the information and interpret it intelligently and clearly. So take care to be at your best.
  • Carry your relevant documents in order – like certificates, copy of application sent, bio-data etc. in a folder so that it can be easily shown when asked. Take a pen also.
  • Present the documents only if the interviewer ask for it.
  • Never be late for an interview.
  • Greet the interviewers as soon as you enter.
  • Sit down only when you are asked to. It is better not to pull the chair, either lift it or move it and always enter from the right side of the chair.
  • Say ‘please and thank you’ whenever required.
  • Listen carefully and pay attention to the question. If the question is not clear to you ask politely for a repeat.
  • Reply confidently and immediately to the point, keeping your answers short unless asked for a longer description.
  • While answering, look directly at the person asking the questions and try to be pleasant.
  • Replies connected to any details regarding your bio-data should be authentic.
  • It is better to admit if you don’t know something.
  • Remember to say ‘sorry’ if your opinions or answers are rejected.
  • Avoid indulging in certain mannerisms in your speech or behavior.
  • You can ask when you can expect to hear from them before you leave.
  • Don’t forget to say “Thank you” at the end of an interview to every interviewer before leaving.
  • Shake hands only if the interviewer initiates the gesture.
  • Walk out confidently without looking back.
  • Gently shut the door behind you as you leave.

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Review these typical interview questions and think about how you would
answer them. Read the questions listed; you will also find some
strategy suggestions with it.

(Excerpted from the book The Accelerated Job Search by Wayne D. Ford, Ph.D, published by The Management Advantage, Inc.)

1. Tell me about yourself:
The most often asked question in interviews. You need to have a short
statement prepared in your mind. Be careful that it does not sound
rehearsed. Limit it to work-related items unless instructed otherwise.
Talk about things you have done and jobs you have held that relate to
the position you are interviewing for. Start with the item farthest
back and work up to the present.

 

2. Why did you leave your last job?
Stay positive regardless of the circumstances. Never refer to a major
problem with management and never speak ill of supervisors, co-workers
or the organization. If you do, you will be the one looking bad. Keep
smiling and talk about leaving for a positive reason such as an
opportunity, a chance to do something special or other forward-looking
reasons.

3. What experience do you have in this field?
Speak about specifics that relate to the position you are applying for.
If you do not have specific experience, get as close as you can.

4. Do you consider yourself successful?
You should always answer yes and briefly explain why. A good
explanation is that you have set goals, and you have met some and are
on track to achieve the others.

5. What do co-workers say about you?
Be prepared with a quote or two from co-workers. Either a specific
statement or a paraphrase will work. Jill Clark, a co-worker at Smith
Company, always said I was the hardest workers she had ever known. It
is as powerful as Jill having said it at the interview herself.

6. What do you know about this organization?
This question is one reason to do some research on the organization
before the interview. Find out where they have been and where they are
going. What are the current issues and who are the major players?

7. What have you done to improve your knowledge in the last year?
Try to include improvement activities that relate to the job. A wide
variety of activities can be mentioned as positive self-improvement.
Have some good ones handy to mention.

8. Are you applying for other jobs?
Be honest but do not spend a lot of time in this area. Keep the focus
on this job and what you can do for this organization. Anything else is
a distraction.

9. Why do you want to work for this organization?
This may take some thought and certainly, should be based on the
research you have done on the organization. Sincerity is extremely
important here and will easily be sensed. Relate it to your long-term
career goals.

10. Do you know anyone who works for us?
Be aware of the policy on relatives working for the organization. This
can affect your answer even though they asked about friends not
relatives. Be careful to mention a friend only if they are well thought
of.

11. What kind of salary do you need?
A loaded question. A nasty little game that you will probably lose if
you answer first. So, do not answer it. Instead, say something like,
That’s a tough question. Can you tell me the range for this position?
In most cases, the interviewer, taken off guard, will tell you. If not,
say that it can depend on the details of the job. Then give a wide
range.

12. Are you a team player?
You are, of course, a team player. Be sure to have examples ready.
Specifics that show you often perform for the good of the team rather
than for yourself are good evidence of your team attitude. Do not brag,
just say it in a matter-of-fact tone. This is a key point.

13. How long would you expect to work for us if hired?
Specifics here are not good. Something like this should work: I’d like
it to be a long time. Or As long as we both feel I’m doing a good job.

14. Have you ever had to fire anyone? How did you feel about that?
This is serious. Do not make light of it or in any way seem like you
like to fire people. At the same time, you will do it when it is the
right thing to do. When it comes to the organization versus the
individual who has created a harmful situation, you will protect the
organization. Remember firing is not the same as layoff or reduction in
force.

15. What is your philosophy towards work?
The interviewer is not looking for a long or flowery dissertation here.
Do you have strong feelings that the job gets done? Yes. That’s the
type of answer that works best here. Short and positive, showing a
benefit to the organization.

16. If you had enough money to retire right now, would you?
Answer yes if you would. But since you need to work, this is the type
of work you prefer. Do not say yes if you do not mean it.

17. Have you ever been asked to leave a position?
If you have not, say no. If you have, be honest, brief and avoid saying
negative things about the people or organization involved.

18. Explain how you would be an asset to this organization
You should be anxious for this question. It gives you a chance to
highlight your best points as they relate to the position being
discussed. Give a little advance thought to this relationship.

19. Why should we hire you?
Point out how your assets meet what the organization needs. Do not
mention any other candidates to make a comparison.

20. Tell me about a suggestion you have made
Have a good one ready. Be sure and use a suggestion that was accepted
and was then considered successful. One related to the type of work
applied for is a real plus.

21. What irritates you about co-workers?
This is a trap question. Think real hard but fail to come up with
anything that irritates you. A short statement that you seem to get
along with folks is great.

22. What is your greatest strength?
Numerous answers are good, just stay positive. A few good examples:
Your ability to prioritize, Your problem-solving skills, Your ability
to work under pressure, Your ability to focus on projects, Your
professional expertise, Your leadership skills, Your positive attitude

23. Tell me about your dream job.
Stay away from a specific job. You cannot win. If you say the job you
are contending for is it, you strain credibility. If you say another
job is it, you plant the suspicion that you will be dissatisfied with
this position if hired. The best is to stay genetic and say something
like: A job where I love the work, like the people, can contribute and
can’t wait to get to work.

24. Why do you think you would do well at this job?
Give several reasons and include skills, experience and interest.

25. What are you looking for in a job?
See answer # 23

26. What kind of person would you refuse to work with?
Do not be trivial. It would take disloyalty to the organization,
violence or lawbreaking to get you to object. Minor objections will
label you as a whiner.

27. What is more important to you: the money or the work?
Money is always important, but the work is the most important. There is
no better answer.

28. What would your previous supervisor say your strongest point is?
There are numerous good possibilities:
Loyalty, Energy, Positive attitude, Leadership, Team player, Expertise,
Initiative, Patience, Hard work, Creativity, Problem solver

29. Tell me about a problem you had with a supervisor
Biggest trap of all. This is a test to see if you will speak ill of
your boss. If you fall for it and tell about a problem with a former
boss, you may well below the interview right there. Stay positive and
develop a poor memory about any trouble with a supervisor.

30. What has disappointed you about a job?
Don’t get trivial or negative. Safe areas are few but can include:
Not enough of a challenge. You were laid off in a reduction Company did
not win a contract, which would have given you more responsibility.

31. Tell me about your ability to work under pressure.
You may say that you thrive under certain types of pressure. Give an
example that relates to the type of position applied for.

32. Do your skills match this job or another job more closely?
Probably this one. Do not give fuel to the suspicion that you may want
another job more than this one.

33. What motivates you to do your best on the job?
This is a personal trait that only you can say, but good examples are:
Challenge, Achievement, Recognition

34. Are you willing to work overtime? Nights? Weekends?
This is up to you. Be totally honest.

35. How would you know you were successful on this job?
Several ways are good measures:
You set high standards for yourself and meet them. Your outcomes are a
success.Your boss tell you that you are successful

36. Would you be willing to relocate if required?
You should be clear on this with your family prior to the interview if
you think there is a chance it may come up. Do not say yes just to get
the job if the real answer is no. This can create a lot of problems
later on in your career. Be honest at this point and save yourself
future grief.

37. Are you willing to put the interests of the organization ahead ofyour own?
This is a straight loyalty and dedication question. Do not worry about
the deep ethical and philosophical implications. Just say yes.

38. Describe your management style.
Try to avoid labels. Some of the more common labels, like progressive,
salesman or consensus, can have several meanings or descriptions
depending on which management expert you listen to. The situational
style is safe, because it says you will manage according to the
situation, instead of one size fits all.

39. What have you learned from mistakes on the job?
Here you have to come up with something or you strain credibility. Make
it small, well intentioned mistake with a positive lesson learned. An
example would be working too far ahead of colleagues on a project and
thus throwing coordination off.

40. Do you have any blind spots?
Trick question. If you know about blind spots, they are no longer blind
spots. Do not reveal any personal areas of concern here. Let them do
their own discovery on your bad points. Do not hand it to them.

41. If you were hiring a person for this job, what would you look for?
Be careful to mention traits that are needed and that you have.

42. Do you think you are overqualified for this position?
Regardless of your qualifications, state that you are very well
qualified for the position.

43. How do you propose to compensate for your lack of experience?
First, if you have experience that the interviewer does not know about,
bring that up: Then, point out (if true) that you are a hard working
quick learner.

44. What qualities do you look for in a boss?
Be generic and positive. Safe qualities are knowledgeable, a sense of
humor, fair, loyal to subordinates and holder of high standards. All
bosses think they have these traits.

45. Tell me about a time when you helped resolve a dispute betweenothers.
Pick a specific incident. Concentrate on your problem solving technique
and not the dispute you settled.

46. What position do you prefer on a team working on a project?
Be honest. If you are comfortable in different roles, point that out.

47. Describe your work ethic.
Emphasize benefits to the organization. Things like, determination to
get the job done and work hard but enjoy your work are good.

48. What has been your biggest professional disappointment?
Be sure that you refer to something that was beyond your control. Show
acceptance and no negative feelings.

49. Tell me about the most fun you have had on the job.
Talk about having fun by accomplishing something for the organization.

50. Do you have any questions for me?
Always have some questions prepared. Questions prepared where you will be an asset to the organization are good. How soon will I be able to be productive? and What type of projects will I be able to assist on? are
examples.

 

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