Youth Awareness












US Efforts to encourage old heritage

امریکی سفارتخانے کی جانب سے فیس بک پر دئے گئے ایک اشتہار، یو ٹیوب پر موجود ویڈیوز اور امریکی سفارتخانے کی ویب  سائٹ پر موجود معلومات سےانکشاف ہوتا ہے کہ پاکستان میں قدیم ہندو رسوم اور انتہائی متنازعہ امور کو پھیلانے اور مقبول بنانے کے لئے  امریکی سفارتخانہ   گزشتہ دس  برس سے ہر سال کروڑوں ڈالر خرچ کررہا ہے۔ امریکی سفارتخانے کا موقف ہے کہ پاکستان جس خطے میں موجود ہےاور جو علاقے پاکستان میں شامل ہیں وہاں  ماضی میں انتہائی  ترقی یافتہ قومیں آباد تھیں اور  ان کا ایک کلچر تھا جو اس علاقے کا اصل کلچر ہے اور امریکی سفارتخانہ اس قدیم اور اصل کلچر کو بحال کرنے کے لئے کوشاں ہیں۔ امریکی سفارتخانے کی ویب سائٹ پر دئے اعدادوشمار سےپتہ چلتا ہے کہ امریکی سفارتخانہ ایسے 17 متنازعہ ترین پروجیکٹس پر کام کررہا  ہے اور ان کے لئے فنڈز فراہم کررہا ہے جس سے پاکستانی معاشرے میں انتشار مزید پھیل رہا ہے، ان سترہ پروجیکٹس میں اکثر قدیم ہندو اور بدھ  مت رسوم اور تہواروں پر مشتمل ہیں اور پاکستانی معاشرے میں حال  ہی میں انہیں زور و شور سے منانے پر محاذ آرائی شروع ہو چکی ہے۔ امریکی سفارتخانے کی ویب سائٹ کے مطابق ان میں سے ایک بسنت و بہار نامی تہوار ہے۔ ا مریکی سفارتخانے کا کہنا ہے کہ یہ اس خطے کا قدیم تہوار اور ثقافت ہے اس لئے وہ اسے معاشرے میں رائج کرنے اور محفوظ کرنے کے لئے فنڈز فراہم کررہا ہے۔ انہیں سترہ پروجیکٹس میں  قدیم بدھ   دیوتائوں کے بت، قدیم مندر اور  دیگر  ایسے علاقائی تہوار شامل ہیں جو اب معدوم ہوچکے ہیں اور اگر انہیں بحال کیا جاتا ہے تو اس سے براہ راست پاکستانی تشخص اور  اسلامی کلچر پر اثر پڑتا ہے۔ امریکی سفیر کا  ایک کہنا ہے کہ وہ پاکستان کی نہیں بلکہ علاقائی ثقافت کو محفوظ بنانے کے لئے کام کررہے ہیں اور انہیں اس کی اجازت اقوام متحدہ کا چارٹر دیتا ہے۔

امریکی سفارتخانے کی جانب سے فیس بک پر دئیے گئے اشتہار کا عکس امریکی سفارتخانے کی جانب سے فیس بک پر دئیے گئے اشتہار کا عکس

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This is not Islam

We cannot turn a ‘Blind Eye’ to the hastily increasing religious extremism and intolerance in our society. Sectarian violence and religious extremism is an unpredictable menace. History is sated with incidents of such sorts in various countries. The chauvinists and the evil minded selfish natured people are behind this repulsive act. Unfortunate is the fact that usually the Muslim countries are being constantly accused of promoting these evil acts and take ‘jihad’ in terms of terror.

In the case of Pakistan, Islam is considerably more complicated, bound up as it is with languages, lineages, sects and local and regional identifications. Pakistan played a critical role in the 1979 war ofAfghanistan and risked its own stability. Unfortunately the government failed to address the after effects of the war and did not realize the future destruction it may bring to their land. The recent wave of growing religious extremism in our country can be attributed to internal and external factors.

Internally, real threat in Pakistan emanates from domestic and internal security issues in the name of sectarian violence and religious extremism. Pakistan unfortunately has always been affected by these overwhelming threats. The tragic consequences of 9/11 led to a U-turn in the world political affairs and world saw the dawn of imperialism by super power in the name of ‘war against terror’. Pakistanbeing an important member of the world community came into the fierce brunt of this tide of change. What should be understood before going ahead is that foreign forces can never dare to impede in domestic affairs of any state until and unless that states inherent weaknesses and gaps provide them with the opportunity. The decision by our political rulers to be the front ally with U.S. even before the investigation were tend to be completed proves it to be bees in bonnet of our political system.

The 10 years havoc of this war have plunged our state into harm of political, economic, social and religious chaos. Further, the dissection on the issue of blasphemy law, Raymond Davis case, Kerry Lugar Bill etc. has added fuel to the fire. The gap between the government and the society is widening. In contrast to political strategic talks carried out by our government with U.S; a recent poll shows 57% of our population does not opine positive about U.S. policies in our region. This invites other countries in and now it is like a piece of cake for the external powers to further divide an already divided nation. And so far they have done it quite successfully.

Transaction of power from military to civilian government in 2008 dashed the hopes of populace as it brought only the ‘New Faces’ in the corridors of power with the ‘Old Policies.” If Mushrraf was accused for his involvement in Aafia Siddiqi’s case and his support for U.S. than same is the outlook of the present democratic government in U.S. National Raymond Davis case. If Mushrraf agreed to makePakistan a ‘front line state’ in U.S. War against Terrorism same strategy is adopted by Zardari & Co. This gave further rise to religious extremism in Pakistan. Currently, Pakistan in surrounded by tons of problems. And to top it all off Drone attacks, presence of NATO forces in Afghanistan and ‘Ethnic Cleansing Policy’ of west against Muslims throughout the world i.e. in Afghanistan, Iraq, and Palestine etc. played a major role in growing militancy among Muslim youth. It is now a dire need to instantly address this issue and require sincere and utmost efforts from the government to eliminate this curse.

Recent divulgences by Wiki leaks about Pakistani leadership have left no doubts in terms of proving that our leadership is actually paralyzed and follow the instructions from the so called Super Power. Now the question before us is: How Pakistan’s support for U.S-led war on terrorism gave rise to religious extremism in the country? What problems we as a nation are facing due to this religious extremism? What should be the policy of the government to control it? Before discussing these questions at length it is indispensable to discuss the background of this curse and how it originated and got its roots in Pakistan.

Today we are getting the taste of our own medicine in the form of terrorism. Back in 1979, millions of Jehadi’s were trained in Pakistan to achieve U.S. interests of containing Soviet Union in Afghanistan. Soon after the war ended these Jehadi’s were left ruined by their Masters. All hell broke loose when these Mujahideen were tagged as ‘Terrorist’ all of a sudden after 9/11. The reaction from these Jehadi’s was thus quite evident. Whenever people are used and deprived of their basic rights they tend to be attracted towards the extremes of revolt. In Pakistan majority is deprived of basic necessities and prosperous life. It is quite easy to ensnare people who are already frustrated and looking for an explanation for their grievances. What is demanded contemporarily is a new breed of intellectuals capable to guide the people to a meaningful change. Awareness about the true concept of Jihad and the difference between Jihad and terrorism is necessary.

It is not sufficient to ban these organizations. To eliminate them the root cause should be addressed for the complete propagation of violence from the society. Mohammad Aamir Rana in his book “A to Z of Jihadi Organizations in Pakistan” also revealed some realities about the links between Jehadi and sectarian organization in our country. Government should implement a strict law for all the organizations and religious institutes. Any organizations which will be found involved in promoting or blurring the wrong Islamic concepts should be dealt severely. The vigorous enforcement of laws is desired in every respect. Most of the children getting education in these madrassas are from the rural areas of Pakistan. Rural areas of Pakistan are the hub of feudalism. Feudals mostly believe in violence and consider it a best ‘Retention Policy’. The government must act against such families who have been busy in curbing other individually through violence. The spread of education is another aspect which can create awareness among the people. The religious organizations usually target those people who are illiterate so the technique of brainwashing can be applied on them simply. Therefore education is an impotent tool which the government can use to ward off any presence of evil mindedness from the society. Different peace projects should be started between the people of different sects to reduce sectarian differences. If a peace project like “Aman ki Asha” could be started between the two rival states to reduce the differences. Why cannot we start peace projects between different sects and religions living in our society? In this way confusions and delusions regarding different concepts of Islam and other religions can be reduced.

Last but not the least Pakistan should adopt a balanced and valiant foreign policy. Instead of relying on West and IMF for our economic development we should utilize our own resources and manpower. Furthermore, it is now time to understand the veiled conspiracy behind the concept of “New World Order” introduced by west. This is actually a “New World Order Free from Islam” as apparent from the situation. It is a concept which propounds diplomatic immunity for a murderer like Raymond Davis and rebukes an innocent Muslim like Aafia Siddiqui.

As stated time and again, culture of violence is a real menace for Pakistan. It is indeed a complex matter which really needs to be resolved as early as possible through effective policies.
By: Saira Bukhari



Shahzeb Jillani

By Shahzeb Jillani South Asia Editor, BBC World Service

Indian army soldiers attacking Naya Chor in Sindh in support of Bengali rebels of the liberation army during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971

I was born in the middle of a cold winter night in December 1971 in Sindh, Pakistan. There was a blackout and bombs were falling.

Pakistan was losing a war and it was also losing its eastern half, separated from the rest of the country by more than 1,600km (990 miles) of India.

After nine months of internal strife and a military crackdown against Bangladeshi separatists, the full-scale war with India was swift and decisive. It lasted just 13 days.

The defeat of the Pakistani army on 16 December 1971 was a triumph for India and the Bengali insurgents it had assisted.

For Pakistan, it was perhaps the darkest moment in its history and the ultimate humiliation. The army stood accused of mass murder, torture and rape. Tens of thousands of Pakistani soldiers were taken prisoners of war.

Forty years on, I decided to examine the legacy of this brief but bitter war.

Growing up in Pakistan, we did not talk much about the war at home. In school, we seemed to rush through that period of our history.

On a recent visit to my old school in Karachi, I picked up an officially approved history book.

The book recognises that East Pakistanis felt culturally subjugated and economically exploited by their dominant Western half.

But it suggests the causes for separation include India, Hindu propaganda and international conspiracies.

At my old school I asked a group of teenage students if they had heard of the Bangladeshi accusations of genocide or widespread rape by the Pakistani army.

“That’s wrong, that’s propaganda!” several said.

“The Pakistani army is a professional army. They are Muslims. They couldn’t have done that to their brothers and sisters over there.”

‘Foolish operation’

But if Pakistan has tried to treat the events of 1971 as a closed chapter, in Bangladesh, the wounds of the war are very fresh.

On my first ever visit to Dhaka, it was immediately clear that the Bangladeshi

Professor Serajul Islam Choudhury remembers colleagues at the Dhaka University memorial

narrative of 1971 remains firmly focused on the violence unleashed by the Pakistani army.

Many Bangladeshis still feel very bitter about their treatment by West Pakistan, with discriminatory policies over economics and language.

In 1971, the West Pakistan leadership appeared to have made up its mind to answer this resentment with military force.

“It makes me think how foolish the entire operation was, how mad it was and how tragic it was,” said Serajul Islam Choudhury, a professor at Dhaka University.

“There’s no possibility of bringing down an entire people by the military coming from abroad. The loss we suffered was enormous.”

As he stared at the list of names on a memorial honouring the teachers, students and staff of Dhaka University who died in 1971, his emotion is palpable.

“To this day, I feel very sad thinking of my colleagues who were killed during the military operations.”

Lasting 13 days, the Indo-Pakistan war is considered one of the shortest wars in history. Pakistani forces surrendered on 16 December 1971.

 

The Bangladeshi government says that three million people were killed during the nine months of conflict. Some say that figure is too high and unverifiable.

And the mainstream Bangladeshi narrative is also accused of omitting alleged atrocities perpetrated by Bengali separatists against communities who were deemed loyal to Pakistan.

Entire villages are reported to have been attacked, homes burnt and families killed.

Aly Zaker was among thousands of Bengalis who took up arms to fight for independence.

“Our target was the Pakistan occupation force and their cohorts, who were created within the confines of Bangladesh with quislings,” he says.

He believes that minorities only faced retribution after they had acted as proxies of the Pakistani army and killed Bengalis.

Existential fear

As I learned more about 1971, it seemed to me that many of the geopolitical patterns of Pakistan and the region were formed during that conflict.

Back then, the Pakistani army was accused of forming militia groups to do its bidding in East Pakistan. Since then, it has been seen to use similar tactics in Afghanistan and Kashmir.

Many warn that the dangerous nexus between the military and jihadi militant groups is now threatening Pakistan from within.

Ikram Seghal, a defence analyst who lectures in Pakistani military colleges, believes the biggest internal challenge to Pakistan today is terrorism.

But like many in the military, he sees India as the principal external threat.

“If you look at the Indian armed forces deployment along the Pakistani border – their forward bases, their armoured divisions, their strike divisions – they can mobilise and go to war with us in 72 hours.

“While for us, short of a nuclear strike, we cannot hold them.”

This existential fear of a bigger, hostile India is central to Pakistan’s security paradigm. In 1971 this fear was reinforced by the crucial role India played in the break up of Pakistan.

For India, the situation became serious when nearly 10 million Bengali refugees crossed the border into its territory. There was a humanitarian crisis, but also an opportunity to cut Pakistan down to size.

An elderly refugee walks alongside Indian troops advancing into the East Pakistan (Bangladesh) area during the Indo-Pakistani war of 1971
An elderly refugee walks alongside Indian troops advancing into East Pakistan (Bangladesh) during the Indo-Pakistani war of 1971

Pakistan’s army today

AK Khandker is a senior minister in the Bangladeshi government and served as a separatist commander in 1971.

He says India started providing weapons and training to the rebels in May of that year, and stepped up the programme after signing a pact with the Soviet Union in August.

According to Mr Khandker, the attacks by Indian-trained separatist fighters were so effective, that by November “the Pakistani army was physically and morally exhausted.”

Today he says that without India, the independence of Bangladesh “would have been extremely, extremely difficult”.

“The help that India gave to us, we are so grateful to them,” he says.

 

One might expect that the Pakistani army’s failure in 1971 would have diminished its power in the country. But in my lifetime, its influence in shaping and running the country has grown exponentially.

It seems the conclusion the Pakistani army drew from its defeat in 1971 was to grow stronger; to exercise more control over civilian affairs.

Many in Pakistan still regard the army as a saviour, the glue that holds the country together, saving it from corrupt politicians and enemies like India – and increasingly America.

But others feel it was the army’s tight grip on power that contributed to the break up of Pakistan in the first place.

They believe that the military has stifled the country’s democratic development, undermining its very fabric.

“I’m a soldier and proud of being a soldier. But all the ills of Pakistan are because of the armed forces intervention in the civilian affairs,” says Lt Gen Abdul Qadir Baloch.

He retired from the army just a few years ago and is now a member of parliament.

“If the army had not imposed as many martial laws in this country – four so far – we would have had 15 to 20 elections by now and a much better lot of politicians than the sort of pygmies we have got today.”

 




پاکستان کے تعلیمی اداروں میں یہ پڑھایا اور بتایا جاتا ہے کہ علامہ اقبال نےپاکستان کا خواب دیکھا تھا یعنی علامہ اقبال نےپاکستان کا تصورپیش کیا تھا۔ مگرعلامہ اقبال اوپن
یونیورسٹی کے ڈگری پروگرام کی کتاب مطالعہ پاکستان کے مطابق علامہ اقبال سے پہلے ہی بہت سے لوگ تصورپاکستان پیش کرچکےتھے ۔
مطالعہ پاکستان کی کتاب کے صفحہ نمبر 102 پر یہ الفاظ تحریر ہیں
سن1930ءمیں مسلمانوں میں یہ تصور مقبول ہونے لگا کہ ہندوستان کو ہندواکثریت اور مسلم اکثریت کے صوبوں میں تقسیم کرکےمسلمانوں کیلئےعلحیدہ مملکت ہونی چاہیے ۔اس
\وقت اس تصورکا برملا اظہار علامہ اقبال کےاس خطبےمیں ہواجوانہوں نے آلہ آباد میں مسلم لیگ کا سالانہ جلسے میں صدرکی حیثیت سے پڑھا۔
اگلے ہی پیراگراف کی پہلی لائن یہ تحریر ہےکہ
ہندوستان کومسلم انڈیا اور ہندوانڈیا میں تقسیم کرنے کا یہ تصور نیا نہیں تھا۔اس سے پہلے بھی کئی مسلم رہنما اس کی طرف اس اشارہ کر چکے تھے۔ جن کے نام یہ ہیں 1890ءمیں مولانا عبدالحلیم شرر، 1915 میں چوہدری رحمت علی، 1920ء میں محمد عبدالقدیر بلگرامی اور 1923ء میں سردارمحمد گل خان۔ یہ نام صفحہ نمبر 102 سے 103 پر ہیں اس کے علاوہ 139 صفحہ نمبر پر بھی یہ نام ہیں۔



Ask the below questions to any American & reply if they’re able to . . .
1) Which is the only country in the world to have dropped bombs on over twenty different countries since 1945?
2) Which is the only country to have used nuclear weapons?

3) Which country was responsible for a car bomb which killed 80 civilians in Beirut in 1985, in a botched assassination attempt, thereby making it the most lethal terrorist bombing in modern Middle East history?

4) Which country’s illegal bombing of Libya in 1986 was described by the UN Legal Committee as a “classic case” of terrorism?

5) Which country rejected the order of the International Court of Justice (ICJ) to terminate its “unlawful use of force” against Nicaragua in 1986, and then vetoed a UN Security Council resolution calling on all states to observe international law?

6) Which country was accused by a UN-sponsored truth commission of providing “direct and indirect support” for “acts of genocide” against the Mayan Indians in Guatemala during the 1980s?

7) Which country unilaterally withdrew from the Anti-Ballistic Missile (ABM) Treaty in December 2001?

8) Which country renounced the efforts to negotiate a verification process for the Biological Weapons Convention and brought an international conference on the matter to a halt in July 2001?

9) Which country prevented the United Nations from curbing the gun trade at a small arms conference in July 2001?

10) Aside from Somalia , which is the only other country in the world to have refused to ratify the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child?

11) Which is the only Western country which allows the death penalty to be applied to children?

12) Which is the only G7 country to have refused to sign the 1997 Mine Ban Treaty, forbidding the use of landmines?

13) Which is the only G7 country to have voted against the creation of the International Criminal Court (ICC) in 1998?

14) Which was the only other country to join with Israel in opposing a 1987 General Assembly resolution condemning international terrorism?

15) Which country refuses to fully pay its debts to the United Nations yet  reserves its right to veto United Nations resolutions?

16) Who had intervene in Middle east and destroyed all states ?
Answers ?



{March 28, 2011}   Are you ready for a cracker ?

India has made to semi-finals of the cricket world cup 2011 to face Pakistan by defeating world champions Australia.

The semi final which is scheduled for 30th of March is one of the most awaited day for the people of sub-continent. Two days before the match takes place and the time has frozen on us. As much as I am excited, this is also making me nervous.

Unless you have been sleeping under the rock, you probably know about the big day that’s just 5 days away now: Pakistan-India semi final. Speculations of all sorts are in the air and the crowd is getting crazy.

Tennis star & wife of ex captain of Pakistan cricket team, Sania Mirza, says “The War is On”.

I know it’s weird that I actually thought about this but when they got married earlier in April, I thought to myself who will Sania be supporting in a Pakistan-India cricket match. Well, we have an answer and an interesting one.

Sania Mirza tweeted on her official account

I support India and @realshoaibmalik will support Pakistan as usual!the war is on..lol..hahah

To which Shoaib replied

@MirzaSania yes pls be ready baby its on lol hahaha

The craze is in the air. Pakistan vs India is all our twitter timelines and Facebook news-feeds read. 48 hours before it all begins, and this is trending worldwide on twitter. Pakistan has never beaten India a single match in the history of cricket world cup but has India beaten Pakistan a single match at Mohali? The history shall repeat but which one? Will you make a really good excuse to ditch college/work this day? Or would you just say Pakistan vs India! Who prevails in this game? Are you ready?



{March 27, 2011}   CLASH OF THE TITANS

Friends Not Foes

RIVALRY AND FRIENDSHIP GOES HAND IN HAND

So far 46 matches have been played in this World Cup but, there is one match for which over a billion people are anxious to see, still there are 4 more days to go and it seems like the time has halted and each day is the longest day of the year. Everyone is impatiently waiting for this Mega Event at Mohali.  Predictions, forecasts, betting, emotional statements, angry statements, taunting, sarcastic comments, sane and insane suggestions all are flying like kites on a Basant Day. The days are longer than ever, it seems there is no dusk, kids are women are asking when is the India Pakistan match starting? Four more days, ‘oh gosh why so long?’  Such is the anxiety, enthusiasm and excitement that some people are getting insomniac and spending sleepless nights already. Questions are being raised like, will this be a bigger match than the final itself?  Of course it is, and this is not just one voice of an individual but, it is one voice of a few hundreds of millions of people echoing together.

What is at stake, money? Definitely not, it is the pride and vanity of two nations that is at stake, these two nations are not just neighbours but, they are friends and foes, they are rivals as well as associates of peace and friendship. The rivalry on the cricket ground may be harsh and fierce yet it brings the people closer to each other. They love to hate each other and hate to love each other, it is a kind of relationship which is hard to find in the political arena or even in the diplomatic channels. It is cricket that bring the people of these two nations together.

The stage is set on Wednesday March 30, 2011 at Mohali and the two teams are already there practicing hard, planning and making strategies on how to tackle each others weaknesses and how to utilize the strengths they have. India has advantage of playing in front of home crowd at their home ground and on paper their batting supremacy is undoubtedly better than Pakistan. Yet, matches are not won on the basis of paper it is the mental strength of the teams that differentiates between a winning team and a losing team. This Pakistan team does not have heroes like Tendulkar the all time cricket legend from India, or even their own past heroes such as Javed Miandad the Pakistan batting legend, yet the team has players who can turn the tables in their favour on their day and it could be their day on March 30th.  In terms of bowling Pakistan team has an edge over Indian bowlers in all departments.  Besides both teams have good wins under their belt and are confident of beating each other.

Shahid Afridi the Pakistan team captain has so far silenced all his critics by leading from the front and he is the leading wicket taker in this tournament also by far the best captain who is aggressive and positive.  The team he is leading does not have any known heroes also Pakistan were underrated before the commencement of the tournament and they have surprised almost everyone by reaching to the semifinals and they are only two steps away from lifting the cup.

PAKISTAN NEEDS A FAST BOWLER NOT A RAMBO ACTOR

What Shahid Afridi needs to do now is to focus on his own batting as well as his own decision making, he should not worry about what Imran Khan, Wasim Akram and Ramiz Raja are saying?  They will not be accountable if Pakistan loses the semifinal against India, the people, media and even the officials will blame him for anything that went wrong.  They are all pressurizing him to include Shoaib Akhtar in the team by saying he should be given ONE LAST CHANCE.  This is not a charity organization it is a national team and the selection is based on performance and fitness.

It is very clear to everyone that Shoaib is a spent force, he cannot bowl his allotted quota of 10  overs, he is neither mentally nor physically fit. Therefore Shahid Afridi should not pay heed to their blabbering and big mouthing. They had their day when they were captain and they never bothered to pay any attention to anyone’s advise, especially Imran Khan who was a dictator captain.  Wasim Akram was and still is morally corrupt and dishonest so why should anyone listen to him now?  Ramiz Raja was a mediocre player and on top of that he has become very biased and his suggestions, comments and statements are always jingoists, hence Afridi should not even care to listen to this sinister old man.

He should play Wahab Riaz, rather he should play the same team that beat West Indies in the quarterfinals and Waqar should talk to Riaz about his line and length and sort out the anomalies that he has and 3-4 days should be enough to work out these small niggles that he has, otherwise he is a young strong man and he bowls at a very good speed and has the ability to take wickets. Secondly, against India he would be a new weapon and Tendulkar has the tendency to get out at the bowling of new bowlers, so Riaz has a chance and if he gets Tendulkar’s wicket  his morale would be sky high.

PLAYBOY, DICTATOR, POLITICIAN, NEGATES HIS OWN STATEMENTS EVERYDAY

Afridi must also think out of the box and must be brave enough to come out and open the innings at Mohali where the wicket is flat and bouncy, it is the right kind of wicket for him to play shots during the first mandatory overs where there is field restrictions and even his miscued shots will go over the top of the infield fielders. Historically, Afridi has scored more runs as an opener and he can do that. Besides, Indian fast bowling is not like the express pace of Shaun Tait and Brett Lee, he also faced the spin bowlers in the earlier stage and Kanpur innings is an example of that. He scored 22 runs of Balaji’s over followed by 23 of Kumble and another 23 of Dinesh Mongia and a couple of sixes and a few fours to frustrate Zaheer Khan who is the most dependable and reliable Indian bowler.  Therefore, Afridi should keep this in mind and must not hesitate in opening the innings.

I know that the traditionalists and conservatives will hate this idea and if it backfires they will murder him through the media but, realistically speaking his utility as number 7 or 8 is zero, considering him as an opener is like playing a wild card, yes it is a big gamble but, that should be the plan that they can sacrifice his wicket without taking any pressure if he gets out.  If he stays for 15 overs then the match is over. He demoralizes the opposition so much that it becomes impossible for them to lift the game after that carnage. Once again the same slogan is being used here   GO AFRIDI GO.   And, remember don’t listen to these so-called ex-greats.

 

Go Lala Go !




PM’s invitation, involvement of Higher ranks in Semi Final, talks on foreign secretaries level just when only 2 days left for that all important match, Imran khan’s prediction about India’s chances, and inside reports of clash between 3 captain’s playing for Pakistan in world cup 2011…..heated promotion of “Amn ki Aasha on media”, green top wicket,

Seems something’s cooking …..:S

Like always, Pakistan has to pay the price of peace, brotherhood, between two countries ? Like always, do we need to sacrifice, and put our dignity on risk, throw the efforts of Team Pakistan in trash, just to initiate peace talks with India who always betrayed us ?

I am looking forward for few aspects of the game :-

1) Attitude of Pakistani players on Indian soil

2) Attitude of management with political individuals from both sides

3) Pressure of Indian media

4) Gilani’s approach on game

5) Afridi’s tactics before, during and after the game

6) Performance of Younus, Misbah & Kamran Akmal that is still a question mark, specially Misbah & younus as both of them were strong contenders of captaincy before the series.

7) Pakistan’s batting abilities

8) Shoaib’s inclusion

There are many aspects on which we need to focus on before the match, but in my opinion, above quoted are core issues which Afridi needs to look at, ow to tackle. And most importantly, how Pakistani players performance in immense pressure.

I am 100% confident on Pakistan’s capabilities to beat India in India, but i doubt Politics will took over just like before on account of “Amn ki Aasha” and “Cricket Diplomacy” ?




By Mushtaq A Subhani

The ICC World Cup was introduced in 1975 and since then, this biggest one-day cricket tournament has been held every fourth year. A brief history of these World Cups, played so far on nine occasions in various countries, is given below:

1st World Cup-1975

The first ever edition of the World Cup was staged in England where all the 15 matches of the tournament were played at Test match venues.

Eight countries participated in the tournament. Six of them were the then Test-playing nations and were joined by East Africa and Sri Lanka who were associate members of the ICC.

All teams were divided into two groups of four, each playing the other one. England, New Zealand, India and East Africa were in Group-A while the West Indies, Australia, Pakistan and Sri Lanka were in Group-B.

Almost 200,000 people witnessed 15 matches, most of which ended in easy victories but the final, played between Australia and the West Indies, provided a befitting finale to the tournament.

The West Indies, after defeating New Zealand by five wickets and Australia after beating England by four wickets in the semi-finals, faced each other in the final. Batting first, the West Indies piled up 291-8 with the help of their captain Clive Lloyd’s devastating hundred and Rohan Kanhai’s brilliant fifty. In reply, Australia put up a tremendous effort through Ian Chappell’s dashing 62 but they fell just 18 runs short of their target before a capacity crowd at Lord’s on June 21, 1975.

2nd World Cup-1979

The West Indies repeated their success in the second World Cup, defeating England by 92 runs in the final at Lord’s on June 23, 1979. First, they made 286-9 and then bowled England out for 194 runs in 51 overs.

This tournament was also held in England on the same pattern as it was in the first, with eight teams playing 15 matches. However, one match was abandoned without a ball being bowled due to rain.

Sri Lanka and Canada were added to the six Test-playing nations on the basis of their performance in the ICC Trophy, which was introduced to determine the non-Test playing participants of the World Cup.

The West Indies, New Zealand, India and Sri Lanka were placed in Group-A while England, Australia, Pakistan and Canada made up the Group-B.

The Windies again qualified for the semi-finals along with England, New Zealand and Pakistan. Australia, this time, could not reach the semis as their cricket board picked up a depleted side due to conflict with Kerry Packer, who organised a big circus for cricketers of the world.

Pakistan despite displaying good performance in the semi-final were again beaten by defending champions – West Indies – by 43 runs while in the other semi-final which was also a closely-contested game, England won by just nine runs against New Zealand.

3rd World Cup-1983

India, who were an under-rated side, created the biggest upset by overwhelming the mighty Windies by 43 runs in the third World Cup final.

They began on a sensational note as they in their very first match in the tournament humbled the West Indies, who remained unbeaten throughout the first two World Cup competitions and won the championship on both occasions.

For the first time, each of the all eight teams won at least one match in the tournament which involved 27 matches instead of 15 played in the earlier editions.

This tournament was played on double-league basis enabling the teams within a group to tackle each other twice.

Group-A comprised England, New Zealand, Pakistan and Sri Lanka while the West Indies, Australia, India and Zimbabwe constituted Group-B.

The West Indies, England, India and Pakistan qualified to play semi-finals which proved one-sided affairs as India unbelievably outplayed England while the West Indies beat Pakistan.

However, supremacy of the West Indies’ in one-day cricket, spanning over eight years, finally ended as India dethroned them in the final.

4th World Cup-1987

The World Cup was played for the first time outside England where all three previous World Cups were staged. This time, it was held in the sub-continent of India and Pakistan as the two countries jointly organized it in October-November 1987.

It was the longest tournament, taking six weeks, and involving 27 matches at 21 venues all over the subcontinent. All matches were of 50 overs each side.

The format was the same as of the World Cup 1983 as four teams in the two groups faced each other twice on double-league basis before the semi-finals. In all, 27 matches were played – 17 in India and 10 in Pakistan. They included two semi-finals ( one each at Lahore and Bombay) and the final in Calcutta.

India and Australia had no difficulty in reaching the semi-finals from Group ‘A’ while Group ‘B’ saw Pakistan and England qualifying for the semis. But India, the defending champions and Pakistan, both the co-hosts could not reach the final as it was earlier expected.

However, Australia, led by Allan Border, overcame their old rivals, England, in the final before a huge crowd of over 80,000 people at the Eden Gardens and for the first time, they emerged World Cup champions.

5th World Cup-1992

After three semi-final defeats in previous World Cup tournaments and a disastrous start in the fifth World Cup, Pakistan for the first time in the history won the prestigious mega event, defeating England in the final at the Melbourne Cricket Ground. It was a glorious moment for Pakistan emerging champions in front of over 87,000 people.

This was Pakistan’s first appearance in the World Cup final and they won in their first attempt whereas England played in the final for the third time but they never win in the coveted Cup.

This time, the World Cup was jointly organized by Australia and New Zealand. It was the largest ever, involving 39 matches – 25 in Australia and 14 in New Zealand, 10 of the latter being day/night games. This was the first World Cup to involve floodlit cricket with coloured clothing, white ball and dark sightscreen. Matches were again of 50 overs per innings.

Besides the eight countries who participated in the earlier tournaments, there were South Africans who for the first time took part in the World Cup. They marked their Cup debut by reaching the semi-final with an outstanding performance by their young and united squad. But they failed to win the semis against England as the crucial rules for rain-affected matches made it impossible for them.

In the other semi-final, Pakistan toppled New Zealand and ended their Cup record of seven consecutive victories.

Instead of being divided into two groups, each of the nine teams in the tournament played the others once before the top four in the qualifying table played off in the semi-finals. The whole event continued for 33 days.

6th World Cup-1996

Sri Lankans, the then underdogs, won the sixth World Cup and became the world champions. They came of age at Lahore on March 17, 1996, exactly afrter making their international debut in the inaugural World Cup in 1975.

The World Cup’96 was organised jointly by India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. In all, 37 matches were scheduled to be played in three countries but two games could not be held as Australia and the West Indies refused to go to Sri Lanka due to security fears.

However, 17 matches were staged in India, 16 in Pakistan and two in Sri Lanka. Some of the matches were held under floodlights.

Under the new format of the World Cup, 12 teams were divided into two groups. For the first time in World Cup history, three ICC associate member nations – Keneya, The Netherlands and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) – participated in the competition.

For the first time, a quarter-final round was introduced in which Pakistan, the defending champions, and South Africa, who did not lose any league match, went out. Pakistan lost to their traditional rivals India at Bangalore while South Africa lost to the West Indies. Other two teams ousted were England and New Zealand.

Sri Lanka won their semi-final against India at Calcutta, by default after crowd trouble had prompted match referee to award the match to Sri Lanka. Australia gained a thrilling five-run victory over the West Indies.

The main feature of the sixth World Cup was the last appearance made by veteran cricket star Javed Miandad who played in all the six World Cup competitions – a record which has not been equaled for the last 15 years.

7th World Cup -1999

The seventh edition of the World Cup was staged in England who had earlier organised the first three tournaments of this event. This time, 42 matches were played during a long period of seven weeks.

Again, a record number of 12 teams participated in the tournament. Netherlands and the UAE were replaced by Bangladesh and Scotland on the basis of the performance in the qualifying ICC Trophy and, thus, both played for the first time in a World Cup event.

The 12 teams were divided into two groups of six teams each. Group ‘A’ consisted of England, Sri Lanka, India, South Africa, Zimbabwe and Kenya while Group ‘B’ comprised Pakistan, Australia, New Zealand, West Indies, Bangladesh and Scotland.

8th World Cup – 2003

The eighth World Cup was hosted by South Africa, for the first time in the history of the tournament. Two other African nations, Zimbabwe and Kenya also joined South Africa as co-hosts.

This World Cup was the largest so far in duration, number of participating teams and matches. In all, 14 teams took part in the tournament which continued for 44 days and overall 54 matches were played. Six of them were scheduled to be played in Zimbabwe and two in Kenya.

Ten of the matches were played under flood-lights – five each in Cape Town and Durban.

All teams were divided into two groups where all matches were played on round-robin league basis. Three top teams from each group – Australia, India and Zimbabwe from group ‘A’ and New Zealand, Sri Lanka and Kenya from group ‘B’, – reached the Super Six stage from where four teams qualified for the semi-finals on the basis of points or net run-rate.

Australia defeated Sri Lanka and India ousted Kenya in the semi-finals but the final proved to be one-sided as Australia thrashed India by 125 runs to win their second successive title and the third over all.

9th World Cup – 2007

The West Indies for the first time hosted the World Cup for which various Caribbean countries joined together. This time, a record number of 16 teams participated in the mega event.

The ninth World Cup was the largest tournament so far which lasted 48 days during which 51 matches were played.

All teams were divided into four groups for the first time. Each team played against other three teams in its group. Then, two top teams from each group moved into the Super Eight stage, introduced for the first time in the World Cup history.

The teams who reached the Super Eight stage were Australia, New Zealand, England, South Africa, West Indies, India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka.

In the first semi-final, Sri Lanka defeating New Zealand and Australia beating South Africa qualified for the final. However, Australia became the World Cup champions for the third time in a row and the fourth time overall.
Pakistan went through an embarrassing defeat at the hands of underdogs Ireland. Their coach Bob Woolmer could not survive this shock and was found dead in his hotel room.early in the morning other day. His sudden death marred the ninth World Cup.

10th World Cup – 2011

Now, the World Cup has entered into its 36th year. The Cup has so far been played on nine occasions in various countries.

The tenth World Cup was scheduled to be organized jointly by India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh but Pakistan has been deprived of staging the matches of this mega event due to security reasons.

However, the tenth World Cup will be played from February 19 to April 2 and 49 matches will be held during the period of 43 days. This time, 14 teams are taking part in the tournament and they have been divided into two groups of seven each.

Group ‘A’: Australia, New Zealand, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Zimbabwe, Canada and Kenya.
Group ‘B’: England, South Africa, West Indies, India, Bangladesh, Netherlands and Ireland.

Every team will play against other six teams in its group from which four teams will qualify for the next stage where quarter-finals will be played instead of Super Six or Super Eight.

The matches will be played at eleven venues – eight in India, three in Sri Lanka and two in Bangladesh. The first semi-final will be held in Colombo, Sri Lanka while the second will be staged in Mohali, India and the final will be played in Mumbai, India on April 2.




How did world's best batting lineup not bat the whole 50 overs after Tendulkar's century?

I was unable to understand why England was unable to secure a victory against India in the recent Group B World Cup match until I heard the breaking news on TV. Shane Warne’s Twitter prediction, although it reached me late, resolved the whole matter.

Warne wrote on his Twitter account:

warne888 Shane Warne

Looking forward to the game between india and England today should be a cracker… My prediction a tie !

Soon after the match ended, Warne tweeted again:

warne888 Shane Warne

Before u think there was something untoward re prediction of a tie, thought it was going to be a cracker-tie was tongue in cheek-but right

Is it a coincidence that a cricketer – who has previously been involved in match-fixing controversies –  “predicted” an unusual match outcome which then actually materialised? Let’s not forget that he is still playing in the controversial IPL and has good relationships in the land of bookies.

Predictions in cricket are usually about victory or about a close contest, not about a draw. It is not like soccer or hockey where draws are routine. One day cricket matches rarely result in draws, but this is a different case altogether.

India’s batting collapse

After Sachin Tendulkar’s outstanding innings in this match, no one knows what happened to the strong Indian batting line. Why could it not survive for a complete 50 overs?

To me, the reason is that the Indian batting line-up is over-rated by their media and cannot survive when it needs to; they can only perform well in favourable conditions. The same happened yesterday.

Anomalous bowlers

The Indian bowlers hardly fought back. It was strange that they managed to topple the England’s batting line up thanks to Zaheer Khan. Now if it had been Wasim, Waqar, McGrath or Shane Warne, it would have been easier to digest. But Khan is someone who averages around 30 runs per wicket and has never enjoyed the status of being a fast bowler.

Munaf Patel averages 29 runs per wicket and was unable to prevent 14 runs from the tail enders but somehow managed stop two runs on the last ball.

More mysteries

There is a big question mark surrounding Yusuf Pathan’s fumbled save at mid-off and the English batsman not making any attempt of a second run on the last ball.

As someone who has played cricket professionally, I believe there is no cricketer in the world who does not seize the chance to win – even at the cost of his wicket – on the last ball of the match.

A batsman always runs blindly to meet the target, just to take a chance or to confuse the opponent in case there is an expected over-throw or any such miracle.

In my opinion, there is no chance that after the making 338th run, the batsmen are satisfied about leveling scores, especially when winning the game was not difficult. The English batsmen, however, went ahead to congratulate the Indians like nothing had happened.

Was it nerves?

There could be psychological reasons behind England’s inability to defeat India. They were playing in a stadium where the audience was largely pro-India, a crowd that is known to be hostile. Remember the Sri Lanka/India semi final in the 1996 World Cup and Test match between Pakistan and India in 1999 when players had to leave the ground because of rowdy Indian supporters?

But this cannot be the only reason behind England’s astonishing performance; the question is ‘who asked the English batsman not to score a winning run?’

Questions to be answered:

  • Will the ICC investigate this match for corruption?
  • Will the ICC punish cricketers if they are guilty?
  • In the land of bookies, can ICC assure the cricket playing nations that the tournament will remain clean?
  • Will the culprits be saved for the “greater good of the game”?


et cetera
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