Youth Awareness

Pakistan Army once saved Khana Kaba, the holiest place in the holy city Makkah, in 1979 when a group of militants led by Juhaiman ibn Muhammad ibn Saif al Utaibi seized Khana Kaba for two weeks. The militants attacked the holiest place at the time of Fajr Prayer on 20th November, 1979 and several pilgrims were taken hostages.

It was shocking news for Islamic world when the Grand Mosque Khana Kaba was seized by the militants and during that process several guards lost their lives in cross firing. It was the second time when bloodshed occurred on the holy ground of Grand Mosque and pilgrims were taken hostages on Hajj.

Abdullah Hamid Mohammed Al-Qahtani was the leader of militants and he was the one who called the Muslims to obey him as redeemer of Islam. Juhaiman ibn Muhammad ibn Saif al Utaibi, who led the seizure of Holy Kaba, declared his brother-in-law as redeemer of Islam and turned against ruling Al-Saud dynasty.

The Saudi government tried to regain Grand Mosque but couldn’t get success for two weeks and lost several troops in the operation as well. The militants group deployed sharp shooters and snipers at key places of Grand Mosque to stop any kind of assault from Saudi troops. The lives of thousands of pilgrims were at risk as well.

For two weeks none of the attempts to rescue the people got success which created chaos among Muslims of the world. The president of Pakistan General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq asked Saudis to let Pakistan Army do the operation as the whole world were eying on them as well. Saudis allowed him to regain the Grand Mosque.

After getting permission General Zia-ul-Haq chose few very competent SSG Commandos from Pakistan Army and sent them to Saudi Arabia. The commander of SSG commandos made a very brilliant strategy against the militants which worked really well for them. SSG commanders were deployed on the ground of Grand Mosque from helicopters and pushed the snipers and militants towards basement.

Once all the militants were pushed into basement of Grand Mosque, the commander of SSG commandos asked the Saudis to flood the basement. Once the basement was flooded, they electrocuted the water which made militants unconscious and all of them including the leaders were arrested by the commandos of Pakistan Army and finished the siege of Khana Kaba.


SSG Commandos of Pakistan Army Saving Khana Kaba

Pakistan Army Clears Khana Kaba from Militants

SSG commandos of Pakistan Army cleared Khana Kaba and rescued thousands of hostages at in 1979 when a group of militants led by Juhaiman ibn Muhammad ibn Saif al Utaibi seized the Grand Mosque. It all happened so quickly on the morning of 20th Novermber, 1979 that the security guards couldn’t do much to protect the place.

Once Khana Kaba, the holiest place of Muslims, was seized by the militants and thousands of pilgrims were made hostages, the militants declared Abdullah Hamid Mohammed Al-Qahtani the redeemer of Islam. They asked Muslims to obey him as Mahdi, the redeemer of Islam and during the assault executed innocent pilgrims.

The armed troops of Saudis tried to regain the Grand Mosque in several attempts but militants didn’t let them entered in the ground of holy place. The siege of Khana Kaba continued for almost two weeks until SSG commandos of Pakistan Army led by former army chief General Pervez Musharraf cleared the area from militants.

The strategy applied by the commandos to regain the Grand Mosque was quite successful and they rescued the hostage pilgrims without any bloodshed. The sharp shooters and snipers of militants held the key positions at the ground of Grand Mosque and they didn’t let any person entered from the gates.

SSG commandos entered in the Grand Mosque by using helicopters and pushed the militants into basement. That’s was the best chance to capture them without bloodshed at holy place. The captain of the commandos asked the Saudis to flood the basement. Once the basement flooded with water, they electrocuted it which made the militants unconscious.

All the militants including Abdullah Hamid Mohammed Al-Qahtani and Juhaiman ibn Muhammad ibn Saif al Utaibi were arrested alive and sent to imprisonment. The Khana Kaba was cleared within two hours and SSG commandos did wonderful job which won the hearts of every Muslim. It was one of the glorious moments of Pakistan Army.

پاکستان آرمی نے کیسے خانہ کعبہ کی حفاظت کی اور شرپسند عناصر سے بازیاب کروایا۔
ایک تاریخی وڈیو دیکھیں۔

{October 16, 2012}   Is Malala a conspiracy ?

Madeeha Ishtiaque

With the recent buzz made by certain newspapers and social media platforms, the questions that has popped up with a bang is, what is the story behind Gul Makai’s Swat Diary on BBC blogs?

The reason behind this recent development may be Abdul Hai Kakar’s, (the BBC reporter who worked with Malala) recent accounts of how the whole idea came about. Post this, rumors and conspiracy theories questioning the credibility of the 11 years girl’s account are resonating in the surrounds.

Essentially, in order to bring about a ‘humanitarian angle’ to the situation in Swat and in Northern areas, as Kakar mentions in his online interview to a newspaper, how he came up and structured the idea of Swat Diary to be written by a young girl to ‘creatively and objectively portray the situation on ground in Swat’. The concept was to choose a local girl to ‘express her emotions’ and so to represent the silenced majority of Swati girls who were denied their right to education were given a face – Malala’s. He further elaborated that with her father’s unresistant willingness to choose Malala for the job, he would phone her up every day so she could narrate the happenings of her area and her reflections on the same.

Now, whether it was Malala’s own narrative or the reporter trying to elicit a formatted response and later manicuring it to pass for a child’s narrative, are questions that seem to disturb a large audience. An audience who had happily credited an 11-year old Swati girl for her surprising maturity and sheer bravery in breaking ideological and physical shackles to raise her voice against injustice. However, my question is, should this be the pivot of importance or the fact that a father was willing to risk his child’s safety and a young girl who feared the least voicing the truth out loud, only to protect her fellows from the austerity Taliban had in ample stocks. Shouldn’t this effort be appreciated instead of being questioned?

Recently, there seems to be a concentrated effort on face book, twitter and other social media forums to justify attack against Malala, calling her a US agent and the whole issue a foreign conspiracy.

‘ Why Malala alone? Why not a dozen of Pakistani women who die of drones everyday or those who become a sacrifice in terrorist activities? Why Obama has his helicopter on hold for only her? Why prayers are being said for Malala and not for several other daughters attacked and bruised in various terror strikes?’

As a monosyllabic response: True. If you ask for more, what’s the surprise here? This is only our national tragedy to idolize those who manage to blaze the news. The rest deserve a discriminatory attitude and to learn a lesson that to earn one’s basic right and people’s support, you’ve got to make it to the headlines, else you’re eclipsed.

Hence, as we put the conspiracy theories to rest, for there are better matters clamoring for attention, including getting rid of the terrorist elements hostaging our children and lands to meet their own ends and our own disposition of noticing things only when they get a hype.

بسم اللہ الرحمن الرحیم

آئے دن رپورٹ ہوتی ہے کہ آج ایک پاکستانی نے فلاں کارنامہ/ایجاد کر کے پاکستانیوں کا سر فخر سے بلند کر دیا۔ کئی بار مجھے لگتا ہے کہ بالکل معمولی معمولی باتوں پر ہمارے سر فخر سے بلند اور اسی طرح معمولی سی بات پر شرمندگی سے جھک بھی جاتے ہیں۔ پنجابی کی ایک کہاوت ہے کہ ”چڑی موترے تے کانگ“ یعنی چڑیا پیشاب کرے تو سیلاب۔ جب لوگ معمولی معمولی باتوں سے بڑے بڑے نتائج اخذ کرنے لگ جائیں تو وہاں یہ کہاوت بولی جاتی ہے۔ ہمارے ہاں کیا عجب تماشہ لگا ہوا ہے۔ جیسے معمولی سی بات پر ہمارا سب کچھ خطرے میں پڑ جاتا ہے بالکل ویسے ہی ”چڑی موترے“ تو ہمارے سر فخر سے بلند ہو جاتے ہیں۔ ہو سکتا آپ لوگوں کو میری ان باتوں پر غصہ آ رہا ہو لیکن کبھی ہم نے اپنے میڈیا، انقلابیوں اور ”ایجادیوں“ پر غور کیا ہے کہ انہوں نے کیا تماشہ لگا رکھا ہے؟ میڈیا کی رپورٹوں پر غور کریں تو صاف اندازہ ہوتا ہے کہ یہ سارے نہیں تو کم از کم نوے فیصد ”بلنڈر“ ضرور ہیں۔ اگر کوئی حقیقت بیان کرے تو یار لوگ کیا کہتے ہیں اس پر ایک علیحدہ تحریر ہو گی۔ فی الحال موضوع کچھ اور ہے۔

ہاں تو میں بات کر رہا تھا، میڈیا اور ایجادیوں کی۔ میڈیا اور ایجادیوں کے تماشوں کی چند مثالیں دیتا ہوں اور ساتھ میں حقیقت کیا ہے اس کی وضاحت کرنے کی کوشش بھی کرتا ہوں۔ کچھ عرصہ پہلے غالباً پچھلے رمضان (2011ء) میں ایک صاحب جیو نیوز چینل پر آئے اور اتنے دھڑلے سے جھوٹ بول رہے تھے کہ جن کو دیکھ کر شرمائیں یہود و ہنوز۔ بات قرآن پاک کے تلاش والے اردو سافٹ ویئر کی کر رہے تھے کہ یہ پہلا سافٹ ویئر ہے، اس جیسا آج تک نہیں بنا، یہ امت مسلمہ کو میری طرف سے رمضان میں تخفہ ہے۔ اگر لوگ تعاون کریں تو میں اس سے زیادہ اچھا اور احادیث کا سافٹ ویئر بھی بنا دوں گا (لنک)۔ اینکر کامران خان نے اس بات پر انہیں پتہ نہیں امت مسلمہ کا کیا کیا بنا دیا۔ حد ہو گئی یار۔ ٹھیک ہے آپ نے قرآن پاک کا سافٹ ویئر بنایا ہے۔ اچھا کام کیا ہے لیکن اتنے جھوٹ تو نہ بولو اور جنہوں نے تم سے پہلے کئی ایک زبردست سافٹ ویئر بنائے ہیں اور بغیر کسی دنیاوی لالچ کے ان کو دیوار سے تو مت لگاؤ۔ آپ کو بتاتا چلوں کہ یہ کوئی زاہد حسین نامی صاحب تھے اور ان سے پہلے کئی ایک اور ان کے سافٹ ویئر سے زیادہ معیاری سافٹ ویئر موجود ہیں، جیسے ایزی قرآن و احادیث اور نور ہدایت وغیرہ۔

آج کل ہمارے ملک کا ایک بہت بڑا مسئلہ بجلی کی لوڈ شیڈنگ ہے، گویا اس بارے میں ایک چھوٹی سی شرلی چھوڑ دو تو سارے کام ہو جاتے ہیں۔ کچھ عرصہ پہلے ایک رپورٹ دیکھی جس میں ایک صاحب ٹیوب ویل کے پانی کے بہاؤ سے بجلی بنا رہے تھے اور نتیجہ میں ایک ایل ای ڈی (LED) روشن تھی۔ صاحب فرماتے ہیں کہ اگر حکومت تعاون کرے تو میں ملک کو بجلی کے بحران سے نکال سکتا ہوں۔ او خدا کے بندے پہلے جو تربیلا اور منگلا پاور ہاؤس چل رہے ہیں وہ بھی تو اسی تکنیک پر چل رہے ہیں تو تو نے کونسا نیا تیر مارا ہے۔ ویسے بھی کئی ہارس پاور کی موٹر سے، تو ٹیوب ویل چلا رہا ہے اور پھر نتیجہ میں ایک ایل ای ڈی۔ حد ہو گئی جہالت کی۔ اس طرح کی ایل ای ڈی تو جتنی وہی ٹیوب ویل والی موٹر حرارت چھوڑ رہی ہے، اس سے جلائی جا سکتی ہے۔ ویسے بھی پانی کے بہاؤ کی حرکی توانائی سے بجلی بنانے کے ایک ہزار ایک طریقے دنیا میں رائج ہیں تو پھر تو نے کونسی نئی تکنیک ایجاد کی جس وجہ سے تو اتنا اترا رہا ہے۔ کبھی کبھی سوچتا ہوں کہ میں بھی اپنے ٹیوب ویل پر ایسا ”پروجیکٹ“ تیار کروں بلکہ ہمارے پاس تو اتنا بڑا دریائے چناب ہے۔ سو دو سو روپے کا ایل ای ڈی چلانے والا چھوٹا سا جنریٹر مل جائے گا، بس پھر پانی سے اسے گھماؤ گا اور مشہور ہو جاؤں گا، لیکن مسئلہ یہ ہے کہ میڈیا پر آنے کے لئے ایک کنال زمین بھیجنی پڑے گی کیونکہ میرے پاس نہ تو کوئی سفارش ہے اور نہ ہی اتنے پیسے۔

ایک رپورٹ میں تھا کہ ایک صاحب نے جدید قسم کا جنریٹر تیار کر دیا۔ وہ صاحب کر یوں رہے تھے کہ انہوں نے گاڑی کی ڈِگی میں ایک بیٹری رکھی ہوئی تھی اور اسے گاڑی کے جنریٹر سے چارج کر رہے تھے۔ پھر اس بیٹری کے آگے انورٹر لگا کر پنکھا چلا رہے تھے۔ کر لو گل! ہو گیا جدید قسم کا جنریٹر تیار۔ یہ رپورٹ دیکھ کر میرا دل کر رہا تھا کہ زور زور سے چیخیں ماروں، اپنے میڈیا کی جہالت پر ماتم کروں اور میڈیا والوں کو کہوں کہ خدا کا خوف کرو، پہلے ہی دنیا میں ہماری بڑی بے عزتی ہو رہی ہے اب اس انداز سے تو نہ کرواؤ۔ اگر یہ رپورٹ کسی دوسرے ملک کے اردو سمجھنے والے، تھوڑے سے تکنیکی بندے نے دیکھ لی تو وہ ہر فورم پر ہماری جہالت پر ہنسے گا، کیونکہ ایسے کام اب بچوں کا کھیل ہیں اور تم اسے ”جدید قسم کا انوکھا جنریٹر“ کہہ رہے ہو۔

پچھلے دنوں ایک صاحب کا بہت چرچا ہوا جن کے دے انٹرویو پر انٹرویو اور رپورٹوں پر رپورٹیں کہ جناب نے پانی سے گاڑی چلائی ہے۔ میں اور میرے دوست غلام عباس نے سوچا ہو سکتا ہے کہ اس نے پانی میں سے آکسیجن اور ہائیڈروجن علیحدہ علیحدہ کرنے کا کوئی نیا اور زبردست طریقہ ایجاد کر لیا ہو۔ خیر ہم اس بندے کو ملنے گئے۔ سارا دن کی کھجل خرابی کے بعد اس کے گاؤں پہنچے۔ کھودا پہاڑ اور نکلا چوہا۔ کوئی پانی سے گاڑی نہیں چل رہی تھی بلکہ وہی انیسویں صدی والی تکنیک استعمال کر کے بالکل معمولی سی ہائیڈروجن حاصل کی جا رہی تھی جو پٹرول کے ساتھ ملا کر جلائی جا رہی تھی تاکہ انجن کی تھوڑی طاقت زیادہ ہو جائے۔ اب پتہ نہیں طاقت زیادہ ہوئی بھی تھی یا نہیں لیکن پانی سے انجن/گاڑی چلانے والا سیدھا سیدھا جھوٹ تھا۔ مجھے یہ تو معلوم نہیں کہ میڈیا نے اس کی اتنی جھوٹی تشہیر کیوں کی لیکن اس بندے سے مل کر ایک بات واضح ہوئی کہ وہ بندہ بذاتِ خود بہت اچھا تھا، درد دل رکھنے والا انسان ہے اور پاکستان کے لئے کچھ کرنا چاہتا ہے۔ اس نے خود میڈیا کے بارے میں کہا کہ انہوں نے ہمیں بہت تنگ کیا ہے۔ باقی اس نے خود مانا کہ پانی سے گاڑی نہیں چلائی جا رہی بلکہ مجھے انجن کی تھوڑی زیادہ طاقت چاہئے تھی تو میں نے اس کے لئے ہائیڈروجن والا طریقہ سوچا۔ مگر ہمارے میڈیا نے تو وہ گاڑی سو فیصد پانی سے چلوا دی تھی۔

پچھلے دنوں ایک اور شور مچا ہوا تھا کہ سوات کے نوجوان نے پانی سے جنریٹر چلا کر بجلی بنا دی۔ جس میں کہا گیا کہ اس نے پانی سے انجن چلایا اور پھر اس انجن سے بجلی بنانے والی ڈینمو گھمائی۔ اب ایک اور شوشا بڑے عروج پر ہے، اس بار تو حد ہی ہو گئی۔ وزیراور بڑے بڑے اینکر اور تو اور کئی اہم شخصیات جیسے ڈاکٹر عبدالقدیر خان اور پاکستان کونسل آف سائنٹیفک اینڈ انڈسٹریل ریسرچ (PCSIR) کے چیرمین ڈاکٹر شوکت پرویز بھی اس کھیل میں اس ”شوشے“ کے حق میں کود چکے ہیں جبکہ ڈاکٹر عطاء الرحمٰن فی الحال اس ”ایجاد“ کو کچھ اس طرح نہیں مان رہے کہ ان کا خیال ہے کہ ایک تو اس کی اچھی طرح جانچ ہونی چاہئے اور دوسرا یہ کہ اس طرح پانی سے گاڑی چلنا ناممکن ہے کیونکہ یہ سائنس کے بنیادی اصول توانائی کی ایک حالت سے دوسری میں تبدیلی اور تھرموڈائنامکس کے پہلے قانون کے خلاف ہے۔

پانی سے گاڑی چلانے والے بندے آغا وقار کا کہنا ہے کہ بس اس کی بنائی ہوئی ”واٹر کِٹ“ میں صرف خالص پانی ڈالتے جاؤ تو گاڑی چلتی رہے گی۔

میں سائنس کا کوئی ”راکٹ سائنس“ طالب علم نہیں مگر حیران ہوتا ہوں کہ ایسی معمولی باتیں میں جانتا ہوں تو ان ”وڈے“ لوگوں کو کیا نہیں پتہ، یا کہیں ایسا تو نہیں کہ ”سب مایا ہے“ کیونکہ یہ جو پانی سے انجن چل رہے ہیں اس طریقے کی تفصیل تو میڑک کا طالب علم بھی آسانی سے سمجھ سکتا ہے۔

خیر آپ کو اس کی تھوڑی سی حقیقت بتانے کی کوشش کرتا ہوں۔

پانی سے انجن چلانے کے لئے فی الحال صرف ایک طریقہ ہے کہ پانی کی برق پاشیدگی (Electrolysis) کی جائے اور اس میں سے ہائیڈروجن حاصل کر کے اسے ایندھن کی جگہ انجن میں جلایا جائے یا پھر کسی اور طریقے سے اسی ہائیڈروجن کو استعمال میں لایا جائے۔ اس میں کوئی شک نہیں پانی سے ہائیڈروجن حاصل کر کے اس سے انجن چلایا جا سکتا ہے اور ہمارے ”ایجادیئے“ ایسا ہی کر رہے ہیں، مگر سوچنے والی بات یہ ہے کہ پانی سے ہائیڈروجن حاصل کرنے پر کتنی توانائی لگے گی اور نتیجہ میں ہمیں کتنی توانائی ملے گی؟ ہائیڈروجن حاصل کرنے پر جتنی لاگت آئے گی کیا موجودہ ایندھن جیسے ڈیزل اور پٹرول وغیرہ سے سستی ہو گی؟

اس طریقے میں سب سے پہلا مرحلہ ہے پانی کی برق پاشیدگی۔ توانائی کے سائنسی اصولوں کے مطابق اگر سب کچھ آئیڈیل ہو تو پانی کی برق پاشیدگی پر جتنی توانائی خرچ ہو گی، پانی سے حاصل ہونے والی ہائیڈروجن آگسیجن کے ساتھ جل کر اتنی ہی توانائی دے گی۔ عام طور پر پانی کی پاشیدگی کے لئے بجلی کا استعمال ہوتا ہے۔

پہلی بات تو یہ کہ دنیا میں فی الحال ایسے آئیڈیل حالات تیار نہیں ہوئے لہٰذا جتنی توانائی برق پاشیدگی پر لگے گی اس کا کچھ حصہ حرارتی اور دیگر توانائی کی اقسام میں تبدیل ہو جائے گا اور یوں حاصل ہونے والی ہائیڈروجن جتنی توانائی دے گی اس سے زیادہ توانائی برق پاشیدگی اور دیگر کاموں پر پہلے ہی لگ چکی ہو گی۔ دوسری بات یہ کہ فرض کریں کسی نے کوئی آئیڈیل حالات بنا بھی لئے ہوں (جوکہ کم از کم زمین پر فی الحال ناممکن کے قریب تصور کیا جاتا ہے) تو پھر بھی جتنی توانائی پانی کی برق پاشیدگی پر لگاؤ گے نتیجہ میں اتنی ہی توانائی ہائیڈروجن کو جلا کر حاصل ہو گی۔ اب آپ ہائیڈروجن سے انجن چلا کر اس سے گاڑی کا پہیہ گھماؤ یا پھر بجلی بنانے والی ڈینمو، یہ آپ کی مرضی مگر پانی کو توڑنے (پاشیدگی) پر جتنی توانائی لگا رہے ہو اتنی ہی توانائی حاصل کر پاؤ گے۔

اب جیسے پاشیدگی کے لئے بجلی کا استعمال ہوتا ہے تو اگر سب کچھ آئیڈیل ہو تو پھر برق پاشیدگی سے حاصل ہونے والی ہائیڈروجن کو استعمال کرتے ہوئے ہم اتنی ہی بجلی بنا پائیں گے جتنی کہ برق پاشیدگی پر لگائی تھی۔ قابل غور بات یہ ہے کہ جتنی بجلی لگائی، اتنی ہی حاصل ہوئی۔ اسی طرح اگر ہم انجن چلانے کے لئے پانی کی پاشیدگی پر جتنی بجلی لگاتے ہیں اگر اتنی ہی بجلی سے موٹر چلائیں تو وہ بھی انجن جتنا ہی کام کرے گی۔

پانی سے ہائیڈروجن حاصل کر کے انجن تو چل گیا مگر ہائیڈروجن حاصل کرنے پر جو بجلی لگائی ہے وہ کہاں سے آئے گی؟ اس بجلی کی جتنی قیمت ہو گی کیا اس سے سستی ہائیڈروجن ویسے ہی مارکیٹ سے نہیں مل جائے گی؟ کیا ہائیڈروجن کی ٹرانسپورٹ موجودہ ایندھن (پٹرول اور ڈیزل) جتنی آسان ہو گی؟ کیا ہائیڈروجن سے سستا ایندھن پہلے موجود نہیں؟

جب ہم ان سوالوں کے جواب ڈھونڈنے نکلتے ہیں تو پتہ چلتا ہے کہ پانی کی برق پاشیدگی کرنے والے طریقے پر موجودہ ایندھن کی نسبت زیادہ خرچ آتا ہے اور اس طریقے سے سستے اور آسان طریقے پہلے ہی دنیا میں رائج ہیں۔ عام لوگ بس یہی دیکھتے ہیں کہ لو جی پانی سے انجن/گاڑی چل گئی مگر کوئی یہ نہیں دیکھتا کہ پانی کو کن کن مراحل سے گزارا گیا ہے اور اس پر خرچہ کتنا آیا ہے۔ آج کل جو بندہ آغا وقار بڑا مشہور ہوا ہے میرا اس بندے سے سوال ہے کہ
پانی کی برق پاشیدگی پر جو بجلی لگ رہی ہے وہ کہاں سے آئے گی؟
جواب:- گاڑی میں موجود بیٹری سے۔
گاڑی کی بیٹری کیسے چارج ہو گی؟
گاڑی کے جنریٹر سے۔
جنریٹر کیسے گھومے گا؟
گاڑی کے انجن سے۔
انجن کیسے چلے گا؟
ہائیڈروجن سے۔
ہائیڈروجن کہا سے آئے گی؟
پانی کی برق پاشیدگی سے۔
پانی کی برق پاشیدگی کیسے ہو گی؟
بجلی سے۔
بجلی کہاں سے آئے گی؟
گاڑی کی بیٹری سے۔
افف ف ف ف ف ف ف۔۔۔ یا میرے خدا ہم پر رحم کر۔
آپ سوچ رہے ہوں گے کہ میں نے خود ہی سوال کیے اور خود ہی جواب لکھ دیئے۔ مگر ایسا نہیں سوال میرے ہیں جبکہ جواب آغا وقار کے ہی ہیں کیونکہ وہ یہ جواب مختلف پروگراموں میں دے چکا ہے۔ خیر آغا وقار کے بنائے ہوئے نظام میں صرف ہمیں پانی ڈالنا ہے۔ بس پھر گاڑی کی بیٹری سے پانی کی برق پاشیدگی ہو گی اور پھر عمل چالو ہو جائے گا یعنی ایک چکر چل پڑے گا جس میں صرف پانی ڈالتے جاؤ۔ یقین کرو اگر واقعی ایسا ہوا تو پوری دنیا بدل جائے گی اور اس طریقے سے دنیا بدلنے کی کوشش سو دو سو سال پہلے ہی سیانے لوگ کر کے تھک ہار چکے مگر آغا وقار :-)

یارو! تیاری پکڑو! بس اب اس بندے آغا وقار کے حق میں بولنے یعنی اس کی ”ایجاد“ کو ماننے والے یعنی سب سے پہلے ہمارا میڈیا اور پھر ڈاکٹر عبدالقدیر خان، ڈاکٹر شوکت پرویز اور کئی وڈے لوگوں کی واٹ لگنے والی ہے کیونکہ انہوں نے آن دی ریکارڈ سب کچھ کہا ہے :-) یا پھر سائنس ایک بہت اہم موڑ پر پہنچ چکی ہے اور ایسا ”یوٹرن“ لے گی کہ ساری کائنات ”ٹرنوٹرن“ ہو جائے گی۔ آج کی فزکس منہ کے بل گرے گی۔ فزکس کے تمام نوبل انعام آغاوقار کو مل جائیں گے اور یہ دنیا کا سب سے بڑا سائنسدان کہلائے گا۔ یورپ، امریکہ اور ساری دنیا پاکستان کی مقروض ہو جائے گی۔ شاید آپ کو یہ باتیں مذاق لگ رہی ہوں مگر جناب اگر آغا وقار کے طریقے سے گاڑی چل گئی اور صرف پانی سے چلتی رہی تو پھر واقعی یہ دنیا کی عظیم ترین ایجاد میں سے ایک ہو گی اور اس سے واقعی دنیا بدل جائے گی۔ (دیوانے کا خواب)

خیر میں تو کہتا ہوں کہ اس بندے آغا وقار کو سخت سے سخت سیکیورٹی میں رکھا جائے کیونکہ اگر اسے کچھ ہو گیا تو لوگوں نے کہنا ہے کہ دیکھا ایک ”عظیم سائنسدان“ کو مروا دیا گیا ہے۔ خیر اس کے بنائے ہوئے نظام کی مکمل جانچ کی جائے اور فراڈ ہونے کی صورت میں اس کی بجائے ہمارے میڈیا کو الٹا لٹکا کر لتر مارنے چاہئے جو بغیر تحقیق کے باتیں کرتے پھرتے ہیں اور اس جیسے بندے کو اتنا منہ زور کر دیتے ہیں کہ وہ اچھے بھلے ڈاکٹر عطاء الرحمن کی بے عزتی کرتا پھرتا ہے۔ اور اگر یہ واقعی سچ ہوا تو پھر لات مارو پوری فزکس کو اپنی نئی فزکس تیار کرو۔ مجھے پورا یقین ہے کہ ایک عام پاکستانی اس بات پر بڑا جذباتی ہو رہا ہے کہ دیکھو ایک پاکستانی سے کتنی بڑی ایجاد کر دی۔ اے میرے پاکستانی بھائیو! خدارا کچھ ہوش کے ناخن لو۔ ہر چیز کو جذبات کے آئینے سے نہ دیکھا کرو بلکہ حقیقت کو پہچانو۔

دنیا میں بہت کچھ نیا ہوا ہے۔ سائنس نے کئی جگہوں پر یوٹرن لیا ہے۔ مگر یہ بندہ آغا وقار جو دعوہ کر رہا ہے اس پر میرا ذاتی خیال پوچھو تو میں اس طرح پانی سے گاڑی چلنے والی بات کو نہیں مانتا کیونکہ میری تحقیق کہتی ہے کہ ایسا نہیں ہو سکتا، یاد رہے پانی سے گاڑی چل سکتی ہے مگر اس پر خرچہ ڈیزل یا پٹرول سے زیادہ آتا ہے۔ باقی پھر کہوں گا کہ میں سائنس کا کوئی ”راکٹ سائنس“ طالب علم نہیں اس لئے میں غلط بھی ہو سکتا ہوں۔ اجی میں کیا ہوں، اب تو جو صورت حال بن چکی ہے وہاں تو اچھے اچھوں کی واٹ لگنے والی ہے۔ مگر شرط ہے کہ آپ لوگ نہ بھولیے گا۔

میرا مقصد مایوسی پھیلانا یا اپنے پیارے پاکستانیوں کے کارناموں کو غلط ثابت کرنا نہیں، بس یہ کہتا ہوں، اللہ کا واسطہ ہے کہ پہلے کوئی کارنامہ کرو تو سہی۔ ”ایجادی“ کی بجائے موجد بنو۔ جاہل میڈیا کے بل پر عام عوام کو جاہل نہ بناؤ۔ ”کارنامے“ بلکہ میں تو انہیں کرتوت کہوں گا، کرتوت ایسے ہیں کہ جن پر سینہ چوڑا کرنا تو دور کسی کو بتاتے ہوئے بھی شرم آتی ہے۔

دعا ہے کہ اللہ تعالیٰ ہم پاکستانیوں کو عقل دے اور ہم حقیقی معنوں میں کچھ ایجاد کر دنیا کو حیران کر دیں اور اپنے ملک کو ترقی دیں۔۔۔آمین




{February 13, 2012}   Valentines Day

Relationship that last forever

Every February 14, across the United States and in other places around the world, candy, flowers and gifts are exchanged between loved ones, all in the name of St. Valentine. But who is this mysterious saint, and where did these traditions come from? Find out about the history of this centuries-old holiday, from ancient Roman rituals to the customs of Victorian England.

The Legend of St. Valentine

The history of Valentine’s Day–and the story of its patron saint–is shrouded in mystery. We do know that February has long been celebrated as a month of romance, and that St. Valentine’s Day, as we know it today, contains vestiges of both Christian and ancient Roman tradition. But who was Saint Valentine, and how did he become associated with this ancient rite?

The Catholic Church recognizes at least three different saints named Valentine or Valentinus, all of whom were martyred. One legend contends that Valentine was a priest who served during the third century in Rome. When Emperor Claudius II decided that single men made better soldiers than those with wives and families, he outlawed marriage for young men. Valentine, realizing the injustice of the decree, defied Claudius and continued to perform marriages for young lovers in secret. When Valentine’s actions were discovered, Claudius ordered that he be put to death.

Other stories suggest that Valentine may have been killed for attempting to help Christians escape harsh Roman prisons, where they were often beaten and tortured. According to one legend, an imprisoned Valentine actually sent the first “valentine” greeting himself after he fell in love with a young girl–possibly his jailor’s daughter–who visited him during his confinement. Before his death, it is alleged that he wrote her a letter signed “From your Valentine,” an expression that is still in use today. Although the truth behind the Valentine legends is murky, the stories all emphasize his appeal as a sympathetic, heroic and–most importantly–romantic figure. By the Middle Ages, perhaps thanks to this reputation, Valentine would become one of the most popular saints in England and France.

Origins of Valentine’s Day: A Pagan Festival in February

While some believe that Valentine’s Day is celebrated in the middle of February to commemorate the anniversary of Valentine’s death or burial–which probably occurred around A.D. 270–others claim that the Christian church may have decided to place St. Valentine’s feast day in the middle of February in an effort to “Christianize” the pagan celebration of Lupercalia. Celebrated at the ides of February, or February 15, Lupercalia was a fertility festival dedicated to Faunus, the Roman god of agriculture, as well as to the Roman founders Romulus and Remus.

To begin the festival, members of the Luperci, an order of Roman priests, would gather at a sacred cave where the infants Romulus and Remus, the founders of Rome, were believed to have been cared for by a she-wolf or lupa. The priests would sacrifice a goat, for fertility, and a dog, for purification. They would then strip the goat’s hide into strips, dip them into the sacrificial blood and take to the streets, gently slapping both women and crop fields with the goat hide. Far from being fearful, Roman women welcomed the touch of the hides because it was believed to make them more fertile in the coming year. Later in the day, according to legend, all the young women in the city would place their names in a big urn. The city’s bachelors would each choose a name and become paired for the year with his chosen woman. These matches often ended in marriage.

Valentine’s Day: A Day of Romance

Lupercalia survived the initial rise of Christianity and but was outlawed—as it was deemed “un-Christian”–at the end of the 5th century, when Pope Gelasius declared February 14 St. Valentine’s Day. It was not until much later, however, that the day became definitively associated with love. During the Middle Ages, it was commonly believed in France and England that February 14 was the beginning of birds’ mating season, which added to the idea that the middle of Valentine’s Day should be a day for romance.

Valentine greetings were popular as far back as the Middle Ages, though written Valentine’s didn’t begin to appear until after 1400. The oldest known valentine still in existence today was a poem written in 1415 by Charles, Duke of Orleans, to his wife while he was imprisoned in the Tower of London following his capture at the Battle of Agincourt. (The greeting is now part of the manuscript collection of the British Library in London, England.) Several years later, it is believed that King Henry V hired a writer named John Lydgate to compose a valentine note to Catherine of Valois.

Typical Valentine’s Day Greetings

In addition to the United States, Valentine’s Day is celebrated in Canada, Mexico, the United Kingdom, France and Australia. In Great Britain, Valentine’s Day began to be popularly celebrated around the 17th century. By the middle of the 18th, it was common for friends and lovers of all social classes to exchange small tokens of affection or handwritten notes, and by 1900 printed cards began to replace written letters due to improvements in printing technology. Ready-made cards were an easy way for people to express their emotions in a time when direct expression of one’s feelings was discouraged. Cheaper postage rates also contributed to an increase in the popularity of sending Valentine’s Day greetings.

Americans probably began exchanging hand-made valentines in the early 1700s. In the 1840s, Esther A. Howland began selling the first mass-produced valentines in America. Howland, known as the “Mother of the Valentine,” made elaborate creations with real lace, ribbons and colorful pictures known as “scrap.” Today, according to the Greeting Card Association, an estimated 1 billion Valentine’s Day cards are sent each year, making Valentine’s Day the second largest card-sending holiday of the year. (An estimated 2.6 billion cards are sent for Christmas.) Women purchase approximately 85 percent of all valentines.

A Symbolic Depiction of Continual Struggle

The Generations Striving for a Prosperous & Progressive Pakistan

Recently BBC was banned in Pakistan . . .


 for showing this documentary :-

{December 6, 2011}   Hatred among two neighbors

I do not think i have to write a summary of this particular video. It says it all. Two neighboring countries clashes many times in the past & now Atomic powers are decisively hate each other.

Views should judge who was dirty in it’s speech and who was defensive.

That was Love (Muhabbat)

Paigham hamara hai Muhabbat – jahan tak pohonche

Aur jahan na pohonche , un k lie ye video 😉

{November 28, 2011}   Safar-e-Karbala

- اے چاند کربلا کے ، تونے تو دیکھے ہوںگے - اترے تھے اسی زمیں پر عرش بریں کے تارے


The events of Karbala reflect the collision of the good versus the evil, the virtuous versus the wicked, the collision of Imam Husain (the head of virtue) versus Yazid (the head of impiety). Al-Husain was a revolutionary person, a righteous man, the religious authority, the Imam of Muslim Ummah. As the representative of his grandfather Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), Imam Husain’s main concern was to safeguard and protect Islam and guide fellow Muslims. On the other hand, the staying power of the rulers (Mu’awiya and his son Yazid) depended solely on the might of the sword. They used brute force to rule over the Muslim empire even by all possible illicit means.

Imam Husain as head of Ahlul Bayt (a.s.) never recognized Mu’awiya nor his followers. Before him Imam Ali (a.s.) had fought battles against Mu’awiya because Mu’awiya continuously violated the Islamic principles. Imam Al-Hasan (a.s.) had to swallow the bitter pill of making a peace agreement with Mu’awiya, in order to safeguard the security of the Ummah which was at stake. When Yazid son of Mu’awiya declared himself as a ruler over the Ummah, he demanded Imam Al-Husain’s (a.s.) allegiance of loyalty. Imam Husain on his part flatly rejected Yazid’s rule and behavior, for there was no way Yazid could represent Islam, it would be blasphemy. But Yazid, the tyrant ruler over the Ummah, was adamant in his demand, and tension between the two parties increased day by day.

Imam Husain was quick to realize that giving allegiance of loyalty to Yazid would serve no purpose but to jeopardize the survival of Islam. To safeguard and protect Islam, therefore, the Imam had no choice but to confront and collide with Yazid’s rulership irrespective of consequences. Since Yazid had ordered his commanders to seize the Imam’s allegiance of loyalty at any cost, even by brutal force, the commanders had to assemble a relatively large army, surrounding Imam Husain’s camp in a desert called Karbala. Then they cut off the basic necessities to the camp, including access to water. The camp consisted of Imam Husain, his family, friends, and companions, all of whom stood fast and firmly with him. These braves would rather face death for the noble cause of Islam, than submit to the outrageous tyranny and the un-Islamic ways of Yazid.

Thus, Karbala proved to be a clash involving Islamic truths versus falsehood, right versus wrong, belief versus disbelief, the oppressed versus the oppressor, faith against brute force. Karbala was about standing in the face of oppression, regardless no matter the cost. Thus, in Karbala, Al-Husain the 57 year old grandson of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), sacrificed his totality and all he had, for one goal. This goal was to let the truth triumph over falsehood eventually, and he did that brilliantly. His goal was to foil the plan that Mu’awiya had expertly developed for his son, Yazid, which was to establish a permanent Benu Umayya rulership over the Muslim Ummah (even by sacrificing the Islamic principles), but doing it in the name of Islam. Brilliantly, Imam Husain succeeded in foiling this plan and he exposed the disreputable nature of Benu Umayya though this was at the expense of his life.


Mu’awiya was son of Abu Sufyan, a leader of Benu Umayya clan which was one of the clans of Quraish tribes. Mu’awiya grew up in a family known to be cunning, worldly, materialistic, and power hungry. Mu’awiya became Muslim only when Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) triumphed over Mecca. Those who became Muslim in this manner were called Tulaqaa, (a term scornfully used for the disbelievers who became Muslims to save their lives). Mu’awiya, his father Abu Sufyan, his mother Hind, and his brother Yazid son of Abu Sufyan were all Tulaqaa’; Mu’awiya never forgot this stigma for the rest of his life; he could never shake it from his mind, thus a feeling of malicious vengeance always existed in his heart. Mu’awiya’s character and aspirations were entirely opposite to that of his sister, Umm Habiba, who was one of the wives of the Holy Prophet (pbuh). Unlike Mu’awiya, Umm Habiba was a sincere believer and a pious person.

Omar, the second Khalifa, appointed Mu’awiya’s brother, Yazid son of Abu Sufyan, as the Governor of Syria when the Muslims captured that territory from the Byzantines. Within a few years, Yazid son of Abu Sufyan died of a disease, and Omar appointed Mu’awiya in his brother’s place as the Governor. Upon coming to power, Mu’awiya took advantage of the rich public treasury of Syria using it personally to buy favors and influence people. Thus he built a large base of support among some tribes, almost to the fanatic level. He used this to his advantage in later years to form a network of informants (spies) against Ahlul Bayt (a.s.) and their devotees.


When Imam Ali (a.s.) became Khalifa, he decided to remove Mu’awiya immediately, notwithstanding Mu’awiya’s strong base of support. At that time, Mu’awiya had been the governor of Syria, Palestine, and Jordan for 17 years. Mu’awiya became defiant, he refused to obey Ali’s orders. Brazen and unabashed, he even declined to recognize Ali or give allegiance of loyalty to him. Also in defiance, Mu’awiya established a parallel government in Greater Syria, and started a campaign of treacherous accusations and malicious rumors against Imam Ali (a.s.). He falsely blamed Imam Ali for the killing of Uthman, the third Khalifa, and urged people to take up arms against the Imam. He spread these notorious accusations constantly to incite an uprising against Ali (a.s.).

At the same time A’isha, the Prophet’s widow, became highly vocal against Imam Ali (a.s.). She called for taking revenge for the blood of Uthman. As a result, a party of 3,000 insurgents supported by Sahaaba (Companions) such as Talha and Zubair, along with A’isha headed toward Basrah. The insurgents upon reaching Basrah clashed with the local authorities and finally occupied a portion of Basrah. Soon after the occupation these insurgents spread a reign of terror among the people, killing no less than 600 local Muslims, pilfering the treasury and stealing the arms supplies of the armory.

As a Khalifa in charge, Imam Ali (a.s.) could not ignore the situation, he had to act and restore peace and order. He ordered his forces to proceed to Basrah. As the Imam’s forces reached near Basrah, Imam Ali (a.s.) tried to persuade the insurgents led by A’isha, Zubair and Talha to change their minds and avoid confrontation, but he did not succeed. A battle broke out though Zubair elected not to fight. Talha was wounded then bled to death. Thousands of people lost their lives. A’isha fell down from the camel after it was disabled; but luckily she was not hurt. Imam Ali asked Muhammad ibn Abu Bakr, (A’isha’s brother), to take A’isha to Basrah for a few days, and from there to escort her to Medina with full honor and dignity. Upon leaving Basrah Al-Hasan (a.s.) and Al-Husain (a.s.) accompanied the Prophet’s widow for some distance before bidding her farewell. Imam Ali (a.s.) stayed in Basrah for a few weeks to restore law and order. He compensated for the dead, and decided to forgive and absolve all who fought against him, exactly as the Prophet (pbuh) had done when he triumphed over Mecca 40 years earlier.


Upon returning to Kufa, Imam Ali (a.s.) immediately prepared for the anticipated clash with Mu’awiya. The defying Mu’awiya continued to violate the Islamic principles by personally using the public treasury for espionage and buying peoples’ loyalty. The people of Syria fully believed him and the in false picture he presented. Ultimately this resulted in a confrontation called Battle of Siffin when the troops of the two sides met at Siffin. The battle saw ferocious fighting for nine days when Mu’awiya’s forces were near collapse. His troops were fleeing and in disarray, and their retreat was in massive disorder, running helter skelter. Mu’awiya, alarmed, tense, and frightened, preparing to run away, when he learned of a clever trick. The trick was indecent and unbecoming, it was to make the Holy Quran as an instrument and exploit it, to use it as a tool to his advantage. Mu’awiya seized on this immediately and commanded his fighters to raise 500 Holy Qurans on tips of spears, in order to stun the troops of Imam Ali. As jolting as it was, this maneuver did break the onslaught and the momentum of Ali’s fighters, for they were very pious men. But Imam Ali was quick to recognize this deceit, he knew how deceptive Mu’awiya was, and now that being near collapse, Mu’awiya wanted to save his neck at the expense of the Quran itself.

With that in mind, Ali (a.s.) urged his generals not to halt, but to keep fighting since victory was almost at hand. Alas, Ali’s generals and fighters were in shock, for the sight of the Holy Quran high on spear heads was startling to say the least. They could not take it. Not willing to fight, they wanted to accept Mu’awiya’s offer to halt the fighting and negotiate instead. The termination of the battle in this manner and the consequences thereof proved to be disastrous to say the least, especially for Ahlul Bayt and Islam.

It is said that there was a conspiracy between Amr Ibnil Aas of Mu’awiya’s side, and Ash’ath Ibn Qais, a General in Imam Ali’s camp, who was working as a spy against Ali, secretly working as an agent for Mu’awiya. In this battle 45,000 men lost their lives in Mu’awiya’s camp, and about 25,000 in Ali’s (a.s.) camp. Many men of high caliber from both sides died, especially Ammar Ibn Yasir, the great Companion of the Prophet (pbuh), who was 90 years old and fought on Imam Ali’s side against Mu’awiya.


Imam Ali’s (a.s.) generals, who stopped the battle to negotiate with Mu’awiya, did not pick the right person for the negotiation. They unyieldingly refused to accept Imam Ali’s choice, instead they picked Kufa’s Governor, Abu-Musa Ash’ari, an incompetent Governor who had been previously dismissed from office by Imam Ali. Mu’awiya appointed Amr Ibnil Aas, a shrewd and cunning man, to be his representative in the negotiation. Negotiation between the two sides did not take place for about one year.

When the two negotiators came face to face, it was clear that Ash’ari’s capability was no match for his opponent Ibnil Aas. In the negotiations, Ash’ari proposed that, both Mu’awiya and Imam Ali (a.s.) were to abdicate and to let the people hold election for the Khilaafah. Amr Ibnil Aas, a deceptive man at best, quickly agreed to Ash’ari’s proposal and asked Ash’ari to first announce the agreement. Ash’ari stood up and announced, “O people, we have agreed not to consider Ali or Mu’awiya for Khilaafah. You may choose or elect whomever you think is fit.” The cunning Amr Ibnil Aas stood up next to say, “O people! I won’t consider Ali for the Khilaafah. But Mu’awiya, in my opinion, is the person for that office!” Upon hearing this (and feeling deceived), the people screamed disapprovingly, an uproar was the result. Imam Ali’s (a.s.) camp was in shock, they were double-crossed, deceived and lied to, they felt deeply cut. Amr’s double crossing and deception was simply beyond their imagination. They left the place bewildered and utterly disappointed. Because of this a large group of Imam Ali’s supporters defected to form a separate group called Kharijies, meaning the Outsiders.

The Khariji became fanatically opposed to Imam Ali and Mu’awiya. Some of their members met secretly in Mecca and drew a plan to assassinate Ali (a.s.) in Kufa, Mu’awiya in Syria, and Amr Ibnil Aas in Egypt. Three fanatics took the responsibility, they were to attack their victims in the morning, the same day, as the would-be victims were going to the mosque to lead the morning salat. Ibn Muljim attacked and fatally wounded Imam Ali (a.s.), whereas Mu’awiya escaped with a light wound of his buttock. Amr Ibnil Aas was ill that day and his replacement was killed by the Khariji. Imam Ali (a.s.), in wounded condition, conferred the Imamah and the reign of the Islamic nation to his 37 years old son Al-Hasan.


Imam Hasan (a.s.) faced extremely difficult conditions from the start. He observed that fear, anxiety and much distress were ever present in Kufa, Basrah, Medina and other towns. The anxiety, uncertainty and insecurity were caused by Mu’awiya’s ill dealing of sincere Muslims. Mu’awiya had spread secret agents all over to defame Ahlul Bayt. Imam Hasan knew that his father Imam Ali (a.s.) had stood like a lion in all difficulties and fought battles against Mu’awiya, but these confrontations had resulted in heavy casualties on both sides. A mass scale family devastation was visible everywhere. Considering all circumstances, Imam Hasan (a.s.) discussed the matter with his brother Husain (a.s.) and other relatives. He revealed to them that in order to end the bloodshed and to provide a reasonable safety and security to the Ummah, he would make a peace agreement with Mu’awiya and abdicate until after Mu’awiya’s death. After a few days of careful consideration, Imam Hasan (a.s.) accepted an agreement as per the terms dictated by the Imam and agreed to by Mu’awiya. Four noteworthy terms of this agreement were:

  • People of Syria, Iraq, Hijaz, Yemen and other places shall enjoy amnesty against persecution,
  • Friends and companions of Imam Ali (a.s.) and all their women and children shall be protected from all dangers,
  • Mu’awiya is to immediately stop the use of abusive language with reference to Ahlul Bayt (cursing Imam Ali) after Salat of Jumu’a), and
  • Mu’awiya shall not appoint anyone as his successor.

Once the treaty was signed, Imam Hasan (a.s.) and brother Husain (a.s.) moved out of Kufa and settled in Medina. Over there both Imams lost no time in holding nightly meetings for Islamic discussions. The nightly meetings proved very successful and gained tremendous popularity. More people started to attend, to hear the Imams give of their fountain of knowledge on Islam and humanity. The reputation of these meetings began to fly to far away places. People from as far away as Egypt, Iraq, Yemen, and other distant areas travelled to Medina to learn about the Islamic values. As years passed, the knowledge thus given started to bear fruits. The number of Islamic scholars multiplied and increased considerably.

In the meantime Mu’awiya, unabashedly elected to disregard the terms of his treaty with Imam Al-Hasan. a) He sent secret agents to terrorize, kidnap, or even kill innocent people specially those who were loyal to Ahlul Bayt (a.s.). b) Instead of helping the needy with the public treasury, Mu’awiya’s governors and their surrogates used the public treasury for personal use, freely and excessively as they wished. c) Freedom suddenly died, and dictatorship took its place. d) Mu’awiya gathered a very large number of collaborators who unabashedly would do any thing for money.


It was Mu’awiya’s ardent desire to impose his son Yazid (who had been named after his uncle) upon the Muslims by making him the succeeding Khalifa, despite the fact that Yazid was the playboy of the time, with many evil habits including gambling, heavy drinking, and indulgence in the pleasures of the flesh. But the peace agreement would not permit Mu’awiya to appoint Yazid as his successor, (According to the agreement Imam Hasan would immediately become Khalifa upon Mu’awiya’s death). Therefore, it was obvious to Mu’awiya that, if Al-Hasan did not outlive him, Mu’awiya could do as he pleased. Thus Mu’awiya planned to kill Imam Al-Hasan in order to pave the way for his son Yazid to be his successor.

Mu’awiya sent one of his agents to contact Imam Al-Hasan’s wife Joda who was the daughter of Al-Ash’ath (once a secret agent for Mu’awiya against Imam Ali in the Battle of Siffin). Joda was asked a small favor, i.e., to put a little poison in Al-Hasan’s food, and in return Mu’awiya would give her a large sum of money and also make her wife of his son Yazid. She found the offer too attractive to ignore, and foolishly agreed to accept it. A few days later, she mixed poison in honey and gave it to the Imam. As soon as the Imam took the poisoned honey he became seriously ill. Sensing that his death was imminent, the Imam designated his brother Al-Husain (a.s.) to be the third Imam. Although Imam Al-Hasan knew he was poisoned, he did not reveal that to anyone but to his brother Al-Husain.

One thing Al-Hasan had wished was to have his burial by the side of his grandfather, Prophet Muhammad (pbuh). Imam Husain made all the arrangements to fulfill that wish but Mu’awiya’s governor over Medina did not let that happen and used military force to stop it. Imam Al-Hasan was 47 year old when he died of poisoning.

Medina was never the same without Imam Hasan (a.s.). Everyone missed him dearly. People at first did not believe Mu’awiya poisoned Imam Al-Hasan, but soon found out the truth.

When Husain (a.s.) was designated as the 3rd Imam he was 46 years old. Imam Husain (a.s.) carried on with his mission of teaching Islam as before. A large number of people kept coming to see him and to learn from him. This process continued for several years when people began to hear an ugly rumor that Mu’awiya wanted his son, Yazid, to succeed him.


Mu’awiya began a campaign to introduce Monarchy into the structure of Islam. To have Monarchy, by force or otherwise is alien to Islam, an innovation in religion, simply not acceptable. Everyone knew that, for Islam does not subscribe to any form of Royalty through inheritance or Monarchy. In Islam it is supposed to be Shura.

Nevertheless, Mu’awiya sent his agents to the prominent members of the communities to obtain allegiance of loyalty to his son Yazid. But Yazid was evil, of the drinking type, incompetent, contemptible, and a pleasure-seeking person. People knew that. So the people protested vigorously. There was anger everywhere. Emotions went sky high. To calm people down, at least temporarily, Mu’awiya decided to send his son Yazid to Mecca for the pilgrimage. Yes, Yazid did go to Mecca but only after taking alcohol with him as well as a chorus of girls for his entertainment.


Mu’awiya was getting older day by day. At the age of 75, he became seriously ill. He was nearing death. He lay weak and lifeless as if something was choking and strangling him. He felt tortured and tormented, and continuously cried for mercy. He was in terrible pain. He wanted to die but death would not come close to him. His conscience tormented him for the calamities that he brought upon the Islamic Ummah specially Ahlul Bayt. Mu’awiya suffered in agony for many many days. His suffering continued until he breathed his last. At the time of his death, the 30 year old Yazid was nowhere near him, he had gone for fun on a hunting trip.

(Please note that Mu’awiya’s brother was by the name of Yazid, and he had named his son after his brother.)


Upon Mu’awiya’s death, Yazid, 30 years old, managed to impose himself on the people and become the Khalifa. At first people refused to accept him as a representative of the Prophet (pbuh) and Islamic Ummah, but Yazid approached people in mosques for their favors. Like his father Mu’awiya, Yazid used all possible means like bribery, coercion, pressure, threats, and force to receive the people’s acceptance of him as the legitimate ruler. Many people were worried, threats to their lives and livelihood was too menacing, so they grudgingly and reluctantly gave in. But, Imam Husain (a.s.) and his family (who practiced Islam in its true sense), did not give in. As the true representative of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), Al-Husain flatly refused accepting Yazid either as a Khalifa or a leader of Islam. Despite Yazid’s intimidating military power the Imam stood firm in his resolve and chose to challenge Benu Umayya’s authorities.

Yazid commissioned Waleed Ibn Ut’ba, his Governor over Medina, to ask for Imam Husain’s allegiance of loyalty or else upon refusal, his head. Waleed invited Al-Husain to a meeting for the purpose. Imam Husain did not give his word at the meeting and decided to leave Medina along with his family to proceed to Mecca. When Al-Husain reached Mecca he received 12,000 letters from Kufa urging him to go to Kufa to be their leader, and be the Khalifa. Imam sent an emissary, his cousin Muslim Ibn Aqeel, to Kufa to ascertain first-hand information about the situation in Iraq. In the mean time Yazid spread a network of informants and secret agents in Mecca to assassinate the Imam during pilgrimage. Imam learned about the spies, and carefully evaluated the situation in Mecca. Imam Husain knew that Yazid son of Mu’awiya had no regard for Islamic values and teachings, that he would do anything to enforce his tyrannical rule. Imam Husain also knew that giving allegiance of loyalty to an imposter like Yazid would certainly place Islam at great jeopardy. Therefore he decided to leave Mecca for Kufa to prepare for a confrontation with Yazid and his forces.

Many friends and relatives urged Imam Husain not to go to Kufa, but he insisted on going. Imam Husain, along with family, friends, and companions began the journey toward Kufa (1,100 miles) in a long caravan in the blistering heat of summer.


During the early phase of the journey the caravan met Al-Farazdaq (a famous poet) at a place called al-Sifah. Al-Farazdaq advised the Imam not to go to Kufa because though people’s hearts were with him (Imam), their swords would be against him. But the Imam continued with the journey, and he received the first letter from his emissary Muslim Ibn Aqeel with good news. The letter indicated that the people were more than ready to welcome the Imam in Kufa and were looking forward to his leadership. Imam Husain decided to send another emissary to Kufa with a message. The caravan kept proceeding toward Kufa. Many days passed but the Imam did not receive any more responses from Muslim Ibn Aqeel.

In Kufa Muslim Bin Aqeel with the help of Mukhtar Al-Thaqafi and Hani Ibn Urwah continued to hold secret meetings with the supporters of the Imam. Within a short time the gatherings started to gain momentum. Yazid through his spies and informants learned about Muslim’s successes in Kufa. He appointed the tyrant Ubaidullah Ibn Ziyad to replace al-Nu’man Ibn al-Basheer as Governor of Kufa.

Meanwhile, as Al-Husain’s caravan got closer to its destination (Kufa), coming to a place called Zubalah, Imam Husain unexpectedly received shocking news. The shocking news was about Muslim Ibn Aqeel and the person who provided him shelter, Hani’s Ibn Urwah, both of whom were arrested and beheaded by the Governor Ibn Ziyad. Mukhtar was also arrested and imprisoned and tortured by Ibn Ziyad.

Imam Husain gathered his companions and disclosed to them about the bad news, and said, “Our Shi’a have deserted us, those of you who prefer to leave us may do so freely and without guilt.” Becoming scared, some companions left the caravan. Imam Husain continued with the journey along with close companions and family members until he was face to face with 1,000 horsemen led by Hur al-Riyahi representing the enemy. The enemy army blocked the camps of Imam Husain (a.s.) from advancing. Tension started to rise between the two. The Imam addressed the enemy explaining to them his motives for going to Kufa, that it was in response to the invitation of the people. He even showed them a bagful of letters he received from Kufa. Hur said that he and his men were not the writers of those letters. Imam told them that if they did not like him to advance with the journey, he was prepared to return to Hijaz. Hur replied, “We are commissioned to follow you until we take you to Governor Ibn Ziyad, and suggested to the Imam to go towards a station which is neither Kufa nor Medina.” Imam Husain found the proposal fair and turned the caravan away from Kufa. Hur and his army marched parallel to the Imam. The two sides reached a village called Nainawa where Ibn Ziyad’s messenger (Yazid’s governor over Kufa) delivered a message to Hur. The message read, ” …force Husain to a halt. But let him stop in an open space, without vegetation or water.” Hur conveyed the contents of the letter to Imam Husain. The Imam, his family and companions defiantly resumed their journey and reached a place where another enemy force blocked their move and forced them to stop. When Imam Husain learned that the place was called Karbala, he felt he reached the destination and ordered his camp to be setup. That day was 2nd of Muharram, Hijri 61.


Upon learning that his army had succeeded to lay a siege around the Imam’s camp, Governor Ibn Ziyad sent additional military units to Karbala and appointed Umar Ibn Sa’ad in charge. Imam Husain (a.s.) opened a dialogue with Umar Ibn Sa’ad and convinced him to lift the siege so that the Imam with his family and companions could leave Iraq. Umar Ibn Sa’ad liked the Imam’s proposal and sent a message to Governor Ibn Ziyad notifying him about the results of the talks with Imam Husain (a.s.). Ibn Ziyad also found the Imam’s proposal acceptable. However before agreeing to it officially, Shimr Bin Dhil-Jawshan, opposed it strongly. As a result Ziyad wrote a letter to Umar Ibn Sa’ad commanding him to either go to war with Imam Husain (a.s.) or be relieved of his duties as commander of the army and Shimr would not only replace him but despatch Ibn Sa’ad’s head to Kufa.

Umar Ibn bin Sa’ad got the letter. After pondering over the consequences he decided to fight Imam Husain (a.s.). On the 7th day of Muharram he moved his troops closer to the camp and began to surround the Husaini camp. Ibn Sa’ad laid a blockade around the camp to cut it off from access to the river Euphrates, to deprive it of water in a move to force them to surrender.

Two days later, (on the 9th of Muharram), the enemy’s military forces closed in on the camp of Imam Husain (a.s.). Imam asked his brother, Abbas, to talk to Ibn Sa’ad and request a delay of the aggression by one night. Umar Ibn Sa’ad agreed to the demand. He ordered his troops to delay the aggression till next morning. Imam Husain and his pious companions spent that night in prayers. During the night the Imam told the companions, ” ….the enemy is interested in none but me, me alone. I’ll be most delighted to permit each and every one of you to go back, and I urge you to do so….” All companions screamed in response, “By Allah, never, never! We will either live with you or die together with you.”


Finally, the day of Ashuraa dawned upon the soil of Karbala. It was the day when Jihad would be in full bloom, blood would be shed, 72 innocent lives would be sacrificed, and a decisive battle would be won to save Islam and the Ummah.

It had been a few days since the water supply was cut off by the enemy. Children were crying for water, the women were desperate for water, Zainul-Abideen, the son of Imam Husain (a.s.) was sick with fever. The suffering from the thirst was too painful to bear. And despite this, not a single person in the camp made any complaints or even questioned the mission of Imam Husain. Each member supported the Imam wholeheartedly and enthusiastically.

Next morning Imam Husain (a.s.) went out of the camp and saw Umar Ibn Sa’ad mobilizing his troops to start the hostility. He stared at the intimidating army, and as large as it was Imam Husain showed no signs of compromise. Imam Husain raised his hands in prayer:

“O Allah! It is Thee in whom I trust amid all grief. You are my hope amid all violence. Thou are my refuge and provision in everything that happens to me. How many grievances weaken the heart, leaving me with no means to handle them, during which friend deserts me, and enemy rejoices in it. I lay it before Thee and complain of it to Thee, because of my desire in Thee, Thee alone. You relieve me of it and remove it from me. Thou are the Master of all Grace, the Essence of Goodness, and the Ultimate Resort of all Desire.”

Before the actual engagement was to take place, Hur, the previous commander of the enemy force, felt his conscience violently stirring, he was in turmoil. Upon realizing the gravity of the situation, he suddenly broke away from Umar Ibn Sa’ad’s camp (along with two others). They rushed toward Imam Husain (a.s.) to join his camp. Hur’s heart was jumping with joy, his mind relieved of an agonizing tension. Hur’s defection worried Umar Ibn Sa’ad very much, lest others do the same and defect. So Umar Ibn Sa’ad threw an arrow in the air to indicate the start of the battle. This was the outset of a catastrophe and a tragic event that Mu’awiya had once conceived to happen.


Imam Husain’s supporters insisted on being the first to fight. Therefore, they took the brunt of the enemy attack. The battle was ferocious. Within a short time the Imam’s supporters slay a large number of the enemy fighters, they were on the offensive and the enemy on the defensive. This caused apprehension and confusion in the enemy military, the 72 of Husain’s against the 5,000 of the enemy (some say 30,000) being on the defensive. So worried and nervous, the enemy commander-in-chief ordered his army not only to set fire to the Imam’s tents (which were occupied mostly by frightened females and children), but at the same time reinforced his fighters with more troops.

The heroes began to fall, they were men of valor welcoming martyrdom, they fell one after another, for the enemy was overwhelming in number. By noon time the Imam stopped the fight to perform the Salat. By this time those left were mainly his family and a few supporters. They performed the Salat together. Two supporters were guarding the performers of Salat. The enemy was standing still, watching!! When Salat was finished one of the guards fell dead; there were 17 arrows in his back.

Ali Akbar, Husain’s son obtained permission to fight and dashed toward the enemy. He engaged them in fierce fighting, falling on them like thunder, slaying numerous fighters. He continued to move forward, deep inside the enemy. The enemy was overpowering in number, it overwhelmed him cutting him with swords and spears, and his body became nothing but wounds gushing blood, until he died. Imam Husain (a.s.) rushed to the area and picked up the wounded limp body and brought it to the appalled camp. His sister and others in the camp were horrified and shocked at the scene.

Abbas and five other brothers of Imam Husain went to fight. They also engaged the enemy in a fierce fighting, almost doing the impossible. Abbas went toward the river to bring some water for the thirsty children. While he was returning on his horse with the water, he was attacked by a large horde of the enemy, overwhelming and severely wounding him. As much as he tried Abbas could not save the water, he fell from his horse to breath his last.

Next to the battle field went the sons of Imam Al-Hasan and Zainab and their cousins (about 17 of them). They were all in their teens but each stood bravely, believing in the mission, facing a formidable enemy, and showed no less enthusiasm in their quest to embrace the martyrdom.


By the afternoon 70 brave persons had sacrificed their lives in Karbala to save Islam. All had fought under nerve racking conditions, severe thirst, dehydration, exhaustion, and agonizing feeling of what would happen to the family of the Prophet (pbuh) afterwards. Husain endured all that and more, for he saw all his beloved ones brutally cut to pieces, including children. Remaining the only one, Imam Husain was to face the enemy head on. Precisely at that moment Imam Husain heard his baby crying incessantly, agonizing because of the thirst. Imam Husain’s love for his family was unbound, especially for a suffering baby. He held the six months old baby, his youngest son (Ali Asghar) in his arms, and appealed to the enemy fighters for some water for the baby. Imam wanted to awaken their conscience and stir their human feelings but the stone-hearted enemy, instead of giving water, zoomed an arrow toward the agonizing baby and killed him instantly. Imam Husain was shocked. He felt an unbearable wave of pain. The sight of the limp baby in his arms was agonizingly painful. He filled his palm with the blood of the baby, and threw it upwards toward the sky, complaining to Allah (swt),

“O’ Allah, O’ my Lord! My consolation is the fact that Thou in Thine Majesty are witnessing what I am going through.”


Imam Husain (a.s.) was alone, one man against thousands. He took them on, fighting them bravely, and kept fighting, receiving many wounds in the process. Thousands of enemy fighters were surrounding him but none dared to move toward him. The silence was broken when Shimr screamed for an attack, then screamed again, threatening, and in response they attacked collectively, and one sword fell on Imam Husain’s left wrist and deeply cut his left hand. The blood gushed like a fountain. Another sword was soon to follow and it hit his upper back. Imam Husain (a.s.) felt numb as he fell to the ground, bleeding profusely. He was near the point of shock, even though staggering he tried to stand by leaning on his sword. Then he received the fatal blow.

It was at this point, that Shimr whose mother was a disbeliever, came forward and severed Imam Husain’s noble head from the body, the noble head kissed often by the Prophet (pbuh)! Shimr and others had the audacity to carry it on the tip of a spear to Yazid, 600 miles away!

Umar Ibn Sa’ad ordered the horsemen to trample upon the supine bodies of Imam Husain and all others killed, to disfigure them even further, as if the wounds, the bloodied bodies, and the headless forms were not enough.

For three days the exposed bodies of the martyrs were left lying in the desert of Karbala. Afterwards, the people of the tribe of Bani-Asad, who were not far away from the battle field, helped bury them.

Umar Ibn Sa’ad and his forces (representing Benu Umayya) took the women and children as prisoners in shackles, put them on camels, and proceeded in a caravan from Karbala to Kufa. At the forefront of the procession were the heads of Imam Husain (a.s.) and his followers on the tip of spears. The scene was both grotesque and pathetic. This was the leftover of the beloved family of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), in such a deplorable unimaginable condition, all caused by people who called themselves Muslims!


Karbala is the cruelest tragedy humanity has ever seen. Yet, the startling (though appalling) events in Karbala proved like a powerful volcano that shook the very foundation of Muslims, it stirred their consciousness, ignorant or learned alike. For sincere Muslims, Karbala turned into a triumph. The tragic event became the very beacon of light to always remind Muslims to practice Islam honestly and sincerely, to do what is right irrespective of consequences, and fear no one except Allah (swt).

On the other hand, Yazid never achieved what he and his father had planned to achieve, for within three years, Allah’s wrath fell upon him, causing him to die at the age of 33 years. And within a few decades the rule of Benu Umayya crumbled and came to an end. The tragedy of Karbala taught humanity a lesson that standing for the truth and fighting unto death for it is more honorable and valuable than submitting to the wrongful, especially when the survival of Islam is at stake.

Distance between Medina and Karbala about 1,100 miles.

Distance between Ibn Ziyad in Kufa and Yazid in Damascus about 750 miles.

Average travel by camel per day: 30-45 miles.


1. Mowlana Rafiq H. Naqvi, Khutbas at Salat of Jumu’a, Idara

2. Mowlana Amir M. Faizi, Muharram Majlis, Idara

3. Dr A.S. Hashim’s Books: Ahlul Bayt and Al-Khulafaa Al-Rashidoon
4. Al-Balagh Foundation: Ahlul Bait #5, 1993 (Iran)


A’isha: Widow of the Prophet (pbuh) and a leader during Jamal Confrontation.

Abbas: Brother of Imam Husain, flag-bearer during Karbala.

Abu Sufyan: Leader of Benu Umayya, Mu’awiya’s father, was inveterate enemy of Islam.

AbuMusa Ash’ari: Governor fired by Imam Ali, was selected to arbitrate after Siffin.

Ahlul Bayt: The household of the Prophet (s), consisting of Ali, Fatima, al-Hasan, al-Husayn and the 9 Imams descending from al-Husayn (peace be upon them all).

AlFarazdaq: A famous poet.

AlNu’man Ibn alBasheer: Governor over Kufa replaced by Ibn Ziyad through Yazid’s order.

Ali Akbar: Son of Imam Al-Husain, martyred in Karbala.

Ali Asghar: Baby of Imam Al-Husain, martyred in Karbala.

Ammar Ibn Yasir: A famous highly revered Companion, on Ali’s side, killed in Siffin.

Amr Ibnil Aas: A cunning deceptive person, in Mu’awiya’s camp, arbitrator after Siffin.

Ash’ath Ibn Qais: A spy General in Ali’s armed forces, also the father of Joda (wife of Al-Hasan).

BaniAsad: The tribe that buried Al-Husain and the other martyrs of Karbala.

Basrah: An important town in south of Iraq.

Benu Umayya: A clan known to be power hungry, greedy, and materialistic, of Mu’awiya.

Byzantines: The Christian superpower ruling over Syria and Egypt that lost to Islam.

Hani Ibn Urwah: The man who helped Muslim Ibn Aqeel in Kufa and lost his life for the cause.

Hur Ibn Yazid alRiyahi: The Commander of the enemy force who defected to the side of Imam Husain.

Ibn Muljim: The killer of Imam Ali while Ali was performing Salat Al-Subh.

Ibn Ziyad: The Governor over Kufa responsible for the atrocities of Karbala.

Imam: The 12 Divinely Commissioned leaders of the Ummah after the Prophet (pbuh).

Imam AlHasan (a.s.): The second Divinely Commissioned Imam, and the brother of Imam Husain.

Imam Ali (a.s.): The first Divinely Commissioned Imam, and the father of Imam Hasan and Husain.

Imam Husain (a.s.): The third Divinely Commissioned Imam, hero of Karbala, brother of Imam Hasan.

Iraq: Country in which Imam Husain suffered at the hands of its military.

Jamal: Battle imposed on Ali by A’isha, Talha, and Zubair.

Joda: Wife of Imam Al-Hasan, who poisoned him when enticed by Mu’awiya.

Karbala: The site of the ugliest atrocities committed against Al-Husain, his family and devotees, but Karbala saved Islam from disintegration in an indirect way.

Khalifa: Head of state after the Prophet (pbuh).

Kharijies: The outsiders who turned against Ali, then killed him while he was praying.

Medina: Famous town of the Prophet (pbuh) in Arabia.

Mu’awiya: Of Benu Umayya clan, brother of Yazid, also father of the infamous Yazid of Karbala.

Muhammad ibn Abu Bakr: Brother of A’isha who fought on Ali’s side during Battle of Jamal.

Mukhtar AlThaqafi: Loyalist of Ahlul Bayt.

Muslim Ibn Aqeel: Cousin of Al-Husain and his emissary to Kufa, killed by Ibn Ziyad.

Omar: The second Khalifa who appointed Mu’awiya as the Governor over Syria.

Quraish: The clan of the Prophet (pbuh).

Shimr Bin DhilJawshan: The killer of Imam Husain, his name will remain in infamy.

Siffin: Battle imposed on Ali by Mu’awiya.

Syria: Syria, Lebanon, and Palestine nowadays used to be called Syria.

Talha: Sahaabi, leader during Jamal Confrontation, killed during that battle.

Tulaqaa’: Denigrating term used by Muhammad (pbuh) for the disbelievers who had to become Muslims after Mecca was triumphed over.

Umar Ibn Sa’ad: Commander-in-chief of the military forces against Imam Husain in Karbala.

Umm Habiba: Sister of Mu’awiya, daughter of Abu Sufyan, wife of the Prophet (pbuh).

Uthman: The third Khalifa killed by the protesting Muslims.

Waleed Ibn Ut’ba: Governor over Medina when Yazid son of Mu’awiya declared his rulership.

Yazid son of Abu Sufyan: Brother of Mu’awiya, governor of Syria for a few years until he died.

Yazid son of Mu’awiya: Son of Mu’awiya, the infamous despicable ruler, cause of Karbala tragedy.

Zainab: Sister of Al-Husain, heroin of Karbala, losing her children for the cause.

Zubair: Sahaabi, leader during Jamal Confrontation, refused to fight during that battle.

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{November 26, 2011}   Ae Chand Karbala k . . .

{November 22, 2011}   Mutehedda Qaumi Movement In Lahore

Student’s Hard Questions to Mustafa Kamal in Front Line 15 Nov 2011.

Lahore, the heart of Punjab and cultural capital of Pakistan has the tradition of creating histories, be it Pakistan Movement, The migration of Muslims from India, or be it Zulfiquar Ali Bhutto ‘s arrival, Lahore always played a vital in Pakistan’s politics.

Since last many decades, Pakistan Muslim League (Nawaz Group) bowing down all their rivals and Lahore proved to be the strong hold of PML (N). Undoubtedly, Lahore progressed immensely in last 15 years or so. The parks, roads, road-side parks, canals, picnic points and last but not the least Motorway.

Due to the importance of Lahore politically, politicians always try to get their foots in Lahore, Lahoris always welcome them open-heatedly and listened to what they have to say. but at the same time, it’s been a tradition of Lahore people that whenever someone tries to make his place in Lahore, they welcome him with iron-hand, they ask questions, they prob for their past and their future plans. This shows that that, like any modern metropolitan city, people of Lahore are literate and they know what is good for them.

Recently, Imran Khan was here for a Jalsa at Minar-e-Pakistan, and people of Lahore, specially, the youth welcome him and treated him like a National Hero. Now that respect and enthusiasm was for a cricketing legend or a Politician, that is debatable.

MQM, the 3rd largest Party of Pakistan, major share of urban Sindh, has started his campaign back in early 90s. They held a huge Pubic meeting (Jalsa) at Minar-e-Pakistan, Quaid-e-Tehreek Mr. Altaf Hussain & PML (N) ‘s leader Mian Muhammad Nawaz Sharif delivered speeches. The response was huge, people of Lahore turned in millions that time and Lahoris proved their hospitality. Later, the state operation was launched against MQM, and most of the MQM leaders went under-ground, jailed or killed, therefore MQM was forced to restrict in Urban SIndh only.

In last few years or so, lots of MQM leaders visited Lahore, and presented themselves to answer the rumors and doubts in minds of Lahoris. MQM believes in compete accountability and understand the fact that the voter has all the right to questioned the leader who is asking votes fro them. In this regard, lot’s of MQM leaders attended talk shows on media where common people of Lahore were there to question, specially i would like to mention the students, this new generation won’t allow anyone to be on top position without being accountable to citizens of Pakistan. Mr. Haider Abbas Rizvi, Madam Khushbakht Shujat, Faisal Sabzwari, Wasim Akhtar & many other representatives of MQM appeared in front of Lahore public lately, and answers all the questions.

Recently, Ex-Mayor of Karachi and member of MQM Rabta Committee was invited by one of the TV channel to visit  Lahore for a public meeting cum Talk show where people from all mediums of life, living in Lahore were there to prob Mr. Syed Mustafa Kamal. Here’s the recording of that program, hope you like it.


et cetera
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