The Significance of Shabe Baraat
The holy Shab-e-Barat will be observed across the country tonight seeking divine blessings for the well-being of mankind.
The observance of Shab-e-Barat has special significance for Muslims who believe that on this night Allah determines the fate of all living beings for the coming year.
Muslim devotees will spend the night at mosques and houses, offering special prayers They will also hold milad, visit the graves of their near and dear ones and offer prayers for the peace of the departed souls.
They will also distribute food and sweetmeat among the neighbours and the poor on the holy night.
This night is called Shabe-Baraat ( the night of freedom ) because Allah frees all His sinful servants who were destined for Jahannam.
The Quraan has called it a blessed night.
Nabi (P.B.U.H) has said in a Hadith regarding this month. “Shabaan is my month and Ramadhaan is the month of Allah.”
This month is an introduction to Ramadhaan, like Shawwal hail the end of Ramadhaan.
Allah Ta’ala ‘s mercy decends during this night.
During this night, beginning at sunset Allah Ta’ala ‘s special attention descends upon the first sky. He proclaims.
- “Is there anyone seeking forgiveness, that I may pardon him?
- Is there anyone requesting sustenance that I may provide for him?
- Is there anyone afflicted with difficulty (so that he may ask for assistance) that I may help him?
- Is there anyone with any other need?
Allah Ta’ala showers His mercy the entire night up until Subah Saadiq (early morning – dawn).
Nabi (P.B.U.H) was so mindful of Sha’baan that he did not give the sighting of the moon of any other month such thought.
It is also a speciality of this month, that all deeds done during the year shall be presented before Allah Ta’ala in this month.
Nabi (P.B.U.H) stated that the month of Sha’baan which is between Rajab and Ramadhaan, is such a month that the people are negligent of its blessedness. It is during this month that the actions of the servants are presented before Allah Ta’ala.Therefore Nabi (P.B.U.H) loved that his deeds be presented while he was fasting.
During the 15th of Sha’baan Allah Ta’ala shows special attention to all His servants, he pardons those who seek forgiveness and He showers mercy on those who show mercy to others as for those who grudge and have enmity for others, Allah Ta’ala leaves them that very same condition.
It is mentioned by Nabi (P.B.U.H) that the remainder of a person’s life in the coming year and his sustenance and whoever shall be afforded the opportunity to perform Hajj (Pilgrimage) shall be written on this night.
During this night, the names of the souls of all those who are born and of all those who are to depart from this world. Furthermore during this night one’s actions are raised and sustenance sent down.
Nabi (P.B.U.H) has prohibited one from fasting after the 15th of Sha’abaan. This prohibition does not cause the fast to become Haraam. The reason for prohibiting fasting after the 15th of Sha’baan is for one to gain strength for Ramadhaan.
It has been proven, from authentic sources, which the noble Sahaba and the Taabi’een used to remain awake during the entire night and practice upon the Sunnat Aamals. Our noble predecessors also used to honor this night and prepare for well in advance.
Committing sins during this night deprives a person of its blessings.
As the reward of a virtue increases respective to the time and place, so does the degree of sin. When during a significant time any amal is more virtuous so does the the evil and sin committed in that time be more abhorred. The law of place and time falls under the same category, e.g.. one may commit the same wrong in the Musjid and the degree of that sin shall increase. In the same manner this night is so blessed that committing a sin during this night shall be more severe.