Youth Awareness











{February 10, 2012}   HOW TO COPE WITH COLD WEATHER

Basically the human beings are hot animals and they can not bear cold weather.

Life disturb due to cold weather in most parts of the country

Therefore they have to make some adaptations like wearing warm cloths in order to adjust in the cold environment. For the humans to survive they need to produce enough body heat by in- taking large quantities of food and by controlling the loss of heat with the help of warm shelters and clothing.
A lowest temperature that a person can bear may vary from person to person but normally at 25 degrees a person may start feeling cold. Soon after shivering starts to occur and skin starts giving other responses as well.
These physical responses mean that a moderately fortunate full adult can maintain their temperature in still air above freezing point with light cloths. This mending of temperature becomes overmuch fractious in afoot air and also in blunt or wet conditions. If the extremities fall down the freezing level than a lasting harm may occur. The cooling essence of afoot air is suitable. Paul Siple of America explained that wind raises the rate of temperature loss.

His unique experiments were conducted in Antarctica in 1941 by evaluating how longer it took h2o to immobilize in baked beans tins in varied strengths of wind and at dissimilar temperatures.

The use of cool wind is used to guide the efficient temperature at a certain wind speed. For example in cold conditions a person wearing warm cloths may even be in a little danger. A light wind has the same effects as the temperature of -44 degrees when a person is exposed.
There are certain tips as well that may help you to cope with the cold temperature. The ones that are most common and helpful are to wear layer of cloths, take warm drinks and soups etc.

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{November 11, 2011}   7 Myths About Child Mental Health

Psychiatric disorders are not a result of bad parenting—or poor willpower—and they won’t just go away.


It is easy to empathize with suffering we can see: a child who has lost her hair as a result of chemotherapy, for instance. The suffering of a child with psychiatric issues is far less obvious. Many children and teens with emotional problems keep their pain secret. Others express their feelings in risky or offensive ways. Due largely to stigma—fear, shame, and misunderstanding about psychiatric disorders—the majority never receive clinical care.

Debunking myths about child mental health is critical to getting more children the help and understanding they deserve.

MYTH 1: A child with a psychiatric disorder is damaged for life.
A psychiatric disorder is by no means an indication of a child’s potential for future happiness and fulfillment. The most important thing to remember here is that early intervention can be very effective at preventing chronic, debilitating conditions. If parents and teachers recognize the early signs of a psychiatric disorder—whether it’s ADHD, depression, or anxiety—and get a child treatment, she has a much better chance of eliminating, or effectively managing, symptoms that would otherwise interfere with relationships and her ability to succeed at school and at work.

MYTH 2: Psychiatric problems result from personal weakness.
It can be difficult to separate the symptoms of a child’s psychiatric disorder—impulsive behavior, aggressiveness, or extreme shyness, for example—from a child’s character. But a psychiatric disorder is an illness, just like diabetes or leukemia is not a personality type. By way of example, girls with anorexia are often blamed for starving themselves, but the obsessive fears and distorted body image that drive their behavior have genetic and biological bases. We can’t expect children and teens to have the tools to overcome anorexia (or any other psychiatric disorder) on their own, but they can absolutely recover with the help of their parents, clinicians, and a carefully individualized treatment plan.

MYTH 3: Psychiatric disorders result from bad parenting.
While a child’s home environment and relationships with his parents can exacerbate a psychiatric disorder, these things don’t cause the disorder. Anxiety, depression, and learning disorders—indeed, the full range of psychiatric disorders—often have biological causes. Parenting isn’t to blame. But parents play a central role in a child’s recovery. They provide support and care that is crucial to their child’s treatment plan and future development.

MYTH 4: A child can manage a psychiatric disorder through willpower.
The key word here is disorder. A disorder is not mild anxiety or a dip in mood. It is severe distress and dysfunction that can affect all areas of a child’s life. A heartbreaking number of parents resist mental health services for their children because they fear the stigma attached to diagnoses or see psychiatrists as pill pushers. This is incredibly sad because kids don’t have the skills and life experience to manage conditions as overwhelming as depression, anxiety, or ADHD. They can benefit profoundly from the right treatment plan, which usually includes a type of behavioral therapy, and have their health and happiness restored.

MYTH 5: Therapy for kids is a waste of time.
Treatment for child psychiatric disorders isn’t old-fashioned talk therapy. Today’s best evidence-based treatment programs for children and teens use a cognitive-behavioral therapy model that focuses on changing the thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that are causing them serious problems. This is solution-driven therapy, and it’s a key component of some of the most exciting and innovative new treatment plans for kids. Research has shown that there’s a “window of opportunity”—the first few years during which symptoms of psychiatric disorders appear—when treatment interventions are most successful. This means that early identification followed by therapeutic intervention can give kids the tools they need to decrease, or effectively manage, their symptoms before they experience the stigma and negative effects of a fully developed psychiatric disorder.

MYTH 6: Children are overmedicated.
Since so many public voices (many without authority or clinical experience) have questioned or decried the use of medications in the treatment of childhood psychiatric disorders, many people believe that psychiatrists simply prescribe medication to every child they see. The truth, however, is that good psychiatrists use enormous care when deciding whether and how to start a child on a treatment plan that includes medication—usually along with behavioral therapy. Medication is not the norm. Approximately 20 percent of children and teens in America have psychiatric issues at any one time; only 5 percent of them take medication. We never doubt whether a child with diabetes or a seizure disorder should get medication; we should take psychiatric illness just as seriously. The larger problem is that millions of children who suffer from serious psychiatric problems never receive any help.

MYTH 7: Children grow out of mental health problems.
Children are less likely to “grow out” of psychiatric disorders than they are to “grow into” more debilitating conditions. Most mental health problems left untreated in childhood become more difficult to treat in adulthood. Since we know that most psychiatric disorders emerge before a child’s 14th birthday, we should have huge incentive to screen young people for emotional and behavioral problems. We can then coordinate interventions while a child’s brain is most responsive to change and treatment is more likely to be successful. Left untreated, disorders often lead to substance abuse, difficulties with relationships and work, and brushes with the law.

Harold S. Koplewicz, MD




Misconception: Why do Muslims slaughter the animal in a ruthless manner by torturing it and slowly and painfully killing it?

The Islamic method of slaughtering animals, known as Zabiha has been the object of much criticism from a large number of people.

Before I reply to the question, let me relate an incidence about a discussion between a Sikh and a Muslim regarding animal slaughter.

Once a Sikh asked a Muslim, “Why do you slaughter the animal painfully by cutting the throat instead of the way we do with one stroke i.e. jhatka?” The Muslim replied”We are brave and courageous and attack from the front. We are marad ka baccha (macho men), you are cowards and attack from behind”.

Jokes apart, one may consider the following points, which prove that the Zabiha method is not only humane but also scientifically the best:

1. Islamic method of slaughtering animal

Zakkaytum is a verb derived from the root word Zakah (to purify). Its infinitive is Tazkiyah which means purification. The Islamic mode of slaughtering an animal requires the following conditions to be met:

a. Animal should be slaughtered with sharp object (knife)

The animal has to be slaughtered with a sharp object (knife) and in a fast way so that the pain of slaughter is minimised.

b. Cut wind pipe, throat and vessels of neck

Zabiha is an Arabic word which means ‘slaughtered’. The ‘slaughtering’ is to be done by cutting the throat, windpipe and the blood vessels in the neck causing the animal’s death without cutting the spinal cord.

c. Blood should be drained

The blood has to be drained completely before the head is removed. The purpose is to drain out most of the blood which would serve as a good culture medium for micro organisms. The spinal cord must not be cut because the nerve fibres to the heart could be damaged during the process causing cardiac arrest, stagnating the blood in the blood vessels.

 

2. Blood is a good medium for germs and bacteria

Blood is a good media of germs, bacteria, toxins, etc. Therefore the Muslim way of slaughtering is more hygienic as most of the blood containing germs, bacteria, toxins, etc. that are the cause of several diseases are eliminated.

3. Meat remains fresh for a longer time

 

Meat slaughtered by Islamic way remains fresh for a longer time due to deficiency of blood in the meat as compared to other methods of slaughtering.

 

4. Animal does not feel pain

 

The swift cutting of vessels of the neck disconnects the flow of blood to the nerve of the brain responsible for pain. Thus the animal does not feel pain. While dying, the animal struggles, writhers, shakes and kicks, not due to pain, but due to the contraction and relaxation of the muscles defecient in blood and due to the flow of blood out of the body

 




Kisses have a right to take an honorable position on the list of functions of the human brain. Every human being living on planet Earth enables this function throughout their lives: women kiss men, men kiss women, Fidel Castro kisses Kim Jong-Il, etc. It is generally believed that one does not have to be smart to learn how to kiss. However, the issue is worth being analyzed from the scientific point of view.

A lot of scientists dedicated their numerous works to the matter of people’s desire to kiss each other. Below you can find ten facts about the art of kissing.

01.About 30 muscles work very actively during the renowned French kiss: twelve of them control the movements of lips and eleven muscles are responsible for the tongue. The “French experience” accelerates the pulse from 70 to 150 beats per minute.

02. Young people start kissing two or three years before they launch their sex lives. Fifty percent of males experience the excitement of the first kiss at 13 or 14 years of age.

03. The longest kiss ever lasted for 17 days, 10 hours and 30 minutes. The record can be found in the Guinness Book of World Records, although the kissing couple had to be hospitalized with severe exhaustion. When they recovered, they never met each other again.

04. Kissing on the lips is the most popular way of kissing among men – over 67 percent of men expressed their approval. Fifty-six percent of men said they had nothing against kissing on the cheeks and 26 percent highly appreciated intimate kisses of the genitals (don’t tell anyone). Toe kissing enjoys the smallest popularity – only one percent of male respondents approved it.

05. Fifteen percent of women said they would be ready to break apart with their boyfriend just because of his bad kissing capabilities. Women hate it, when the man’s tongue is weak at kissing.

06. There are 278 types of germs living in the mouth of a human being. Those germs are harmless: when two people kiss, thousands of germs flow from one mouth to another. In such cases they produce enzymes and natural antibiotics for self-defense. As a result, the bodies of the two kissing individuals develop resistibility against all other pathogenic bacteria.

07. Lipstick commercials deliberately falsify the truth. Sixty-three percent of male respondents said that they prefer to kiss women’s lips without lipstick on. They said that it was more natural and did not leave any traces all over the face. Forty-nine percent of men said that they liked to kiss slightly moisturized and soft lips. Only 35 percent said that they adored full, erotic lips aka Pamela Anderson. Monica Belucci, Julia Roberts and Sharon Stone are most popular celebrities, whose lips are considered very attractive for kisses.

08. Fifty-five percent of respondents said that the kiss of Vivien Leigh and Clark Gable was the most outstanding in “Gone with the Wind.” Sharon Stone and Michael Douglas rank second with their “Basic Instinct” kiss. Hugh Grant and Andie MacDowell finish the top three of best cinema kisses with their romantic kiss in heavy rainfall in “Four Weddings and a Funeral”.

09. Scientists say that humans started kissing each other in the Age of Reptiles. However, the fact was acknowledged only in the XVI century. Earlier documentation and literature do not contain any description of kisses between man and woman. On the other hand, the characters of antiquity and ancient East greeted each other with kisses, even if they were kisses between two men – it was considered absolutely normal.

10. Forty-four percent of male and 48 percent of female respondents said they could not stand bites in the exquisite process of kissing. Women (39 percent) do not like to kiss slobbery men, although only 23 percent of men said that they were against the wet kissing. The most important kind of kiss, as 54 percent of men said, is to kiss a woman that you do not like.

 




By:  Syed Ali Raza Abidi

The earthquake of 2005 was one big shock to Pakistan and within 3 to 4 days most of the damage was assessed and masses were self prompted into quick action. While these floods have been ravaging the country’s main source of survival for 2 weeks, continuing to cause the devastation and death with a new locality inundated every hour, we are unable to asses the actual damage caused. It is expected that by the end of September the actual evaluation of the damage would be possible. We still have not understood what we are heading for in the coming days.

There is a great difference in context of the earthquake of 2005 and floods of 2010. The government’s writ is a question today, economic indicators are already on decline, media projection is different and credibility is a big question mark. There is extreme lack of trust on the authorities and question remains even after weeks that will they actually be able to control these crises and distribute their donations honestly to the affected? All this has resulted in slow aid to Pakistan from the within and the outside world.

At the time of earthquake, the officially quoted casualties were around 80,000, which was reported within days, and the entire picture of damage was clear. The Government, Foreign Office, our Ambassadors, professionals, and almost every country of the world was in action, because we all knew Pakistan was progressing, quality of life was improving, and supply was meeting the demand with reciprocal advantage to the rest of the world, in terms of trade and security.

The most astonishing fact was that even Fidel Castro offered, and sent 3000 paramedical staff to Pakistan, in spite of the fact, Pakistan did not have diplomatic relations with the country, which were only established for the first time after 5 months of the earthquake. Thousands of Pakistani doctors stationed around the globe, came in to the country to help their countrymen for immediate relief and medical care.

As I write this thought, the grand total of the aid committed is US$ 229 million from various countries, and US$ 900m from the World Bank. This aid might increase in the days to come, but I doubt, it will touch the US$ 5.0 billion mark of 2005.

Although this catastrophe requires an amount many times more to rehabilitate and rebuild thousands of villages, infrastructure and houses as one fourth of the country has drowned, whereas the Kashmir earthquake was limited to a geographical region only.

These floods are not over yet, but the misery of the affected continues to grow. We really do not know what will be the actual death toll of this disaster. The figure of 1600 to 2000 is reported from various media sources, but there are fears of bodies possibly present in the inundated houses and on the river bed pressed down by debris. 4 million people out of the 20 million affected so far are experiencing lack of nutrition, water, and medical care, which may result in massive scale deaths in the coming days, due of various fatal diseases.

Most of the affected people are poor people living in rural areas, who had been depending on the feudals and landlords of their areas all their lives. Unfortunately, the very same feudal lords have not been able to help them at the time of crisis. They themselves have been badly affected at this time, by loosing thousands of acres of land and crop to the floods.

During the earthquake there was unity amongst the masses of Pakistan, and the will to serve, protect and rehabilitate the affected. At the moment, parliamentarians of the ruling party are causing breaches in flow of the rivers to divert water to ‘other’s’ fields to save their own, and selectively offering relief, only when the media is present.

The geo-political impact of this devastation will be evident within next 6 months. While we continue to collect and pledge for foreign aid, the people are being helped by the Government, philanthropists, businessmen, common man, Pakistan Army and US Marines. Where all these people are not able to reach, there are local organizations providing and sustaining the relief work. Definitely, we will see change of perception, ideals, and followings amongst a large section of the population once the relief work is completed, and rehabilitation starts.

The International media along with appeal for flood relief is also highlighting the lacking effectiveness of the government and the mistrust. This is what has kept the global community from acting now. We cannot blame them, because news from Pakistan recently has not been very image building. They will write what they perceive as the truth and report with verifiable facts. In addition there are many more stories which add to the above ills and evils of our society, which are our own doings, and not to be blamed on to others.

A quote to suit the situation is:

“The pessimist sees difficulty in every opportunity. The optimist sees opportunity in every difficulty”

– Winston Churchill

The Pakistani media must also take up the responsibility of reforming the society. At the moment, only they can do it most effectively.

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By Silent Voice

The call center has been established as an industry in corporate world of Pakistan only over the last ten years. This industry has given thousands of unemployed graduates an opportunity to start their career without any particular work experience.

Particularly in Pakistan where unemployment rate is very high, fresh graduates take this opportunity as sunshine towards their bright future. This job is not only easily accessible but also does not have any boundaries in entrance.

Job seekers also take this opportunity as a first step towards the corporate world, but unfortunately only few happens to be successful. Most of them remain stucked in this job forever.

Following article, in my opinion, stands valid for both the call centers, serving local customers or abroad customers.

Furthermore they face number of health issues like:

  • Burnout stress syndrome
  • Pressure building
  • Ear problems
  • Heart diseases
  • musculoskeletal disorders
  • Stress
  • Loss of sleep
  • Lack of social activities
  • Stomach problems

And some other psychological factors like:

  • Self De-motivation
  • Dis-respected

Now let’s discuss the above mentioned problems and the reasons causing them in detail.

Working environment in call centers

Long hours of work, permanent night shifts, incredibly high work targets, loss of identity are the major reason that threatens the employees of call center in Pakistan. The odd timings and nature of work in call center makes an agent work on a chair for 9 hrs, continuously taking calls and reading a pre-scripted document to gain the customer around the globe.

His every day performance is calculated and is appraised accordingly. A little distraction messes up with his work. All his senses are continuously in action and not only this, the stress he has to face while working could not be measures.

Health issues caused by the working conditions

  • Computer vision syndrome (CVS): according to Wikipedia it is a temporary condition resulting from focusing the eyes on a computer display for protracted, uninterrupted periods of time. Some symptoms of CVS include headaches, blurred vision, neck pain, fatigue, eye strain, dry, irritated eyes, and difficulty refocusing the eyes.

This is a common problem faced by call center agent since the system designed is according to the technology not the employees’ health.

  • Digestive disorders: the employees of call center have also complained about stomach related problem.
  • Losing their voice: it is also suspected that the employees due to frequent speaking are also facing the possibility of losing their voice. For example cough irritation, breathing difficulties and etc.
  • BOSS stands for burnout stress syndrome: as we have already discussed that call center employees have to face continuous work pressure this ultimately result to stress.
  • Heart diseases: the stress also effects heart of the employee and also leads to sleep disorderness.
  • Ear disease: due to sudden high frequency noise, ear of an employee also damages. This may cause permanent deafness.
  • Muscular pain: body pain is a common complaint by call center agents.
  • Social life is also effect affected: due to irregular timings the most important thing that is affected of employee is their social life. An employee especially working at night sleeps at morning so that lessens employee’s social meetings with his friends and family.

Caller abuse:

The employees of customer care have to deal with different type of customers which include some polite customers while others are really aggressive.

The most difficult and tough part for an employee is to deal with an angry customer. Customer when not satisfied with the service of the company or when they don’t wanted to be disturbed they normally get very aggressive. A customer care representative has to not only satisfy a customer but also has to tolerate the abusive languages. He/she tries to remain calm irrespective of how bad he/she is feeling

This result to demotivation and stress in an employee. He feels disrespected and humiliated.

Things that Cell Center Agents Should Get:

  • Healthy Working Environment.
  • High & Equally Reward structure.
  • Fitness Assessments and fitness clubs.
  • Health recreational centers.
  • Transparent incentive and reward policies.
  • Flexible working hours.
  • Especial trainings for night shift call center agents.
  • Periodically checkups of ENT.
  • Flexible office infrastructure.
  • Promotion channels & highly self motivated schemes for call center agents.
  • Giveaways programmes and call center agents personal brandings.


{October 25, 2010}   Dengue Fever

An Extract Precautions from WHO Dengue Prevention Program

GENERAL

Dengue is an acute fever caused by a virus. It occurs in two forms:

1.      Dengue Fever

2.      Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever

Dengue fever is marked by the onset of sudden high fever, severe headache and pain behind the eyes, muscles and joints.

Dengue Haemorrhagic fever (DHF) is a more severe form, in which bleeding and sometimes shock occurs – leading to death. It is most serious in children. Symptoms of bleeding usually occur after 3-5 days of fever.

The high fever continues for five to six days (103 – 105 OF or 39- 40 OC). It comes down on the third or the fourth day but rises again. The patient feels much discomfort and is very weak after the illness.

Dengue spreads rapidly and may affect large number of people during an epidemic resulting in reduced work productivity, but most importantly causing the loss of lives.

RECOGNITION OF DENGUE FEVER

Sudden onset of high fever

Severe headache (mostly in the forehead)

Pain behind the eyes which worsens with eye movement

Body aches and joint pains

Nausea or vomiting

RECOGNITION OF DENGUE HAEMORRHAGIC FEVER AND SHOCK

Symptoms similar to dengue fever plus, any one of the following:

(1)               Severe and continuous pain in abdomen;

(2)               Bleeding from the nose, mouth and gums or skin bruising;

(3)               Frequent vomiting with or without blood;

(4)               Black stools, like coal tar;

(5)               Excessive thirst (dry mouth)

(6)               Pale, cold skin

(7)               Restlessness, or sleepiness

TREATMENT

There is no specific medicine for the treatment of the disease. However proper and early treatment can relieve the symptoms and prevent complications and death. Aspirin and Brufen should be avoided in dengue fever, as it is known to increase the bleeding tendency and also it increases the stomach pain. Paracetamol can be given on medical advice. If one or more signs of Dengue Haemorrhagic fever are seen, take the patient to the hospital immediately. Give fluids to drink while transferring the patient to the hospital.

BASIC FACTS ON DENGUE

(a) How dengue spreads?

Dengue is spread by the bite of an infected mosquito Aedes aegypti. The mosquito gets the virus by biting the infected persons. The first symptoms of the disease occur about 5-7 days after an infected bite.

There is no way to tell if a mosquito is carrying the dengue virus. Therefore, people must protect themselves from all mosquito bites.

(b) Where does the mosquito live?

The mosquito rests indoors, in closets and other dark places. Outside, they rest where it is cool and shaded. The female mosquito lays her eggs in water containers in and around homes, schools and other areas in towns or villages. These eggs become adult in about 10 days.

(c) Where does the mosquito breed?

Dengue mosquitoes breed in stored exposed water collections. Favoured breeding places are:

Barrels, drums, jars, pots, buckets, flower vases, plant saucers, tanks, discarded bottles, tins, tyres, water cooler, etc. and a lot more places where rain-water collects or is stored.

PREVENTION OF DENGUE

All efforts of control should be directed against the mosquitoes. It is important to take control measures to eliminate the mosquitoes and their breeding places. However, the efforts should be intensified before the transmission season (during and after the rainy season) and at the time of the epidemic.

PREVENT MOSQUITO BITES:

Dengue mosquitoes bite during the daytime. Protect yourself from the bite.\

(1)               Wear full sleeve clothes and long dresses to cover the limbs;

(2)               Repellent – care should be taken in using repellents on small children and the elderly;

(3)               Use mosquito coils and electric vapour mats during the daytime to prevent Dengue;

(4)               Use mosquito nets – to protect babies, old people and others, who may rest during the day. The effectiveness of such nets can be improved by treating them with permethrin (pyrethroid insecticide). Curtains (cloth or bamboo) can also be treated with insecticide and hung at windows or doorways, to repel or kill mosquitoes.

(5)               Protection of people sick with dengue – Mosquitoes become infected when they bite people who are sick with dengue. Mosquito nets and mosquito nets and mosquito coils will effectively prevent mosquitoes from biting sick people and help stop the spread of dengue

PREVENTION MULTIPLICATION OF MOSQUITOES:

Mosquitoes which spread dengue live and breed in and around houses.

Drain water from coolers, tanks, barrels, drums and buckets, etc.;

There should be no water in coolers when not in use;

Remove from the house all objects, e.g. plant saucers, etc. which have water collected in them;

Remove water from refrigerator drip pans every other day;

All stored water containers should be kept covered all the time;

Discard solid waste and objects where water collects, e.g. bottles, tins, tyres, etc.

ALWAYS REMEMBER 

Dengue is a serious viral disease transmitted by the bite of the mosquito;

Dengue infection occurs in two forms: Dengue fever and Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever;

Dengue fever is a severe flu like illness that affects older children and adults but rarely causes death;

Dengue haemorrhagic fever (DHF) is a more severe form, in which bleeding and occasionally shock occur, leading to death, mostly in children;

Persons suspected of having dengue fever or DHF must see a doctor at once. Dengue haemorrhagic fever is a deadly disease and early recognition and treatment can save lives. Unless proper treatment is given promptly, the patient may go into shock and die.

Severe abdominal pains (black stools), bleeding on the skin or from the nose or gums, sweating, cold skin are danger signs. If any one of them is noticed  take the patient to a hospital immediately. Give fluids to drink during transfer to the hospital;

Give nutritious food and fluids to drink to the patients;

Dengue mosquitoes bite during the day;

The patient should be kept under a mosquito net or in a screened room during the period of illness;

Screen your rooms against mosquitoes or use mosquito nets or use mosquito repellent;

Discard objects in which water collects, e.g. tins, cans, coconut shells, etc. Do not allow water to collect in pits around your houses. All stored water containers should be covered all the time. This will prevent breeding of Dengue mosquitoes, and

Doctors and health workers treating cases of dengue fever should also notify the health authorities.



et cetera
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